Critical Path CSS Generator
Penthouse is the original critical path css generator, helping you out to speed up page rendering for your websites. Supply your site's full CSS and the page you want to create the critical CSS for, and Penthouse will return the critical CSS needed to perfectly render the above the fold content of the page. Read more about critical path css here.
The process is automatic and the generated CSS is production ready as is. Behind the scenes Penthouse is using puppeteer to generate the critical css via the chromium:headless.
Penthouse can be used:
yarn add --dev penthouse
npm install, if not using yarn)
This will add penthouse to the list of dependencies.
Penthouse returns a promise (since version
but if you prefer you can also pass in a traditional node-style
function as the second argument.
The Penthouse Node module can also be used in Gulp.
Install missing dependencies to get the headless Chrome to run:
sudo apt-get install libnss3
You might possibly need an even longer list of deps, depending on your dist, see this answer
Before going further, make sure that you fix any errors in your own CSS, as detected by this AST explorer, as they can cause problems with critical CSS generation.
Also test your url + css in the hosted critical path css generator, to determine whether the problem is with the input your passing (css + url), or with your local setup: https://jonassebastianohlsson.com/criticalpathcssgenerator
The two most common reasons for this:
You have an element appearing early in the DOM, but with styles applied to move outside of the critical viewport (using absolute position or transforms). Penthouse will does not look at the absolute position and transform values and will just see the element as not being part of the critical viewport, and hence Penthouse will not consider its styles critical.
Solution: Consider whether it really should appear so early in the DOM, or use the
During render with critical css your page contains some content that Penthouse never saw in the HTML during critical css generation. Perhaps you're a logged in user with the page showing extra content, that were never part of it when Penthouse saw it, or perhaps JS injected some extra content to the page before the full CSS (which contains the styles for that content) loaded.
Solution: Ensure all elements you want styled in the critical css appears in the HTML of the url (or html file) you send Penthouse. You can also use the
forceInclude parameter to force styles to remain in the critical css.
Problems with special characters like → after converting? Make sure you use the correct hexadecimal format in your CSS. You can always get this format from your browser console, by entering '→'
.charCodeAt(0).toString(16) (answer for this arrow glyph is
2192). When using hexadecimal format in CSS it needs to be prepended with a backslash, like so: