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pako

pako

Build Status NPM version

zlib port to javascript, very fast!

Why pako is cool:

  • Almost as fast in modern JS engines as C implementation (see benchmarks).
  • Works in browsers, you can browserify any separate component.
  • Chunking support for big blobs.
  • Results are binary equal to well known zlib (now contains ported zlib v1.2.8).

This project was done to understand how fast JS can be and is it necessary to develop native C modules for CPU-intensive tasks. Enjoy the result!

Famous projects, using pako:

Benchmarks:

node v0.10.26, 1mb sample:

   deflate-dankogai x 4.73 ops/sec ±0.82% (15 runs sampled)
   deflate-gildas x 4.58 ops/sec ±2.33% (15 runs sampled)
   deflate-imaya x 3.22 ops/sec ±3.95% (12 runs sampled)
 ! deflate-pako x 6.99 ops/sec ±0.51% (21 runs sampled)
   deflate-pako-string x 5.89 ops/sec ±0.77% (18 runs sampled)
   deflate-pako-untyped x 4.39 ops/sec ±1.58% (14 runs sampled)
 * deflate-zlib x 14.71 ops/sec ±4.23% (59 runs sampled)
   inflate-dankogai x 32.16 ops/sec ±0.13% (56 runs sampled)
   inflate-imaya x 30.35 ops/sec ±0.92% (53 runs sampled)
 ! inflate-pako x 69.89 ops/sec ±1.46% (71 runs sampled)
   inflate-pako-string x 19.22 ops/sec ±1.86% (49 runs sampled)
   inflate-pako-untyped x 17.19 ops/sec ±0.85% (32 runs sampled)
 * inflate-zlib x 70.03 ops/sec ±1.64% (81 runs sampled)

node v0.11.12, 1mb sample:

   deflate-dankogai x 5.60 ops/sec ±0.49% (17 runs sampled)
   deflate-gildas x 5.06 ops/sec ±6.00% (16 runs sampled)
   deflate-imaya x 3.52 ops/sec ±3.71% (13 runs sampled)
 ! deflate-pako x 11.52 ops/sec ±0.22% (32 runs sampled)
   deflate-pako-string x 9.53 ops/sec ±1.12% (27 runs sampled)
   deflate-pako-untyped x 5.44 ops/sec ±0.72% (17 runs sampled)
 * deflate-zlib x 14.05 ops/sec ±3.34% (63 runs sampled)
   inflate-dankogai x 42.19 ops/sec ±0.09% (56 runs sampled)
   inflate-imaya x 79.68 ops/sec ±1.07% (68 runs sampled)
 ! inflate-pako x 97.52 ops/sec ±0.83% (80 runs sampled)
   inflate-pako-string x 45.19 ops/sec ±1.69% (57 runs sampled)
   inflate-pako-untyped x 24.35 ops/sec ±2.59% (40 runs sampled)
 * inflate-zlib x 60.32 ops/sec ±1.36% (69 runs sampled)

zlib's test is partially affected by marshalling (that make sense for inflate only). You can change deflate level to 0 in benchmark source, to investigate details. For deflate level 6 results can be considered as correct.

Install:

node.js:

npm install pako

browser:

bower install pako

Example & API

Full docs - http://nodeca.github.io/pako/

var pako = require('pako');
 
// Deflate
//
var input = new Uint8Array();
//... fill input data here
var output = pako.deflate(input);
 
// Inflate (simple wrapper can throw exception on broken stream)
//
var compressed = new Uint8Array();
//... fill data to uncompress here
try {
  var result = pako.inflate(compressed);
} catch (err) {
  console.log(err);
}
 
//
// Alternate interface for chunking & without exceptions
//
 
var inflator = new pako.Inflate();
 
inflator.push(chunk1, false);
inflator.push(chunk2, false);
...
inflator.push(chunkN, true); // true -> last chunk
 
if (inflator.err) {
  console.log(inflator.msg);
}
 
var output = inflator.result;
 

Sometime you can wish to work with strings. For example, to send big objects as json to server. Pako detects input data type. You can force output to be string with option { to: 'string' }.

var pako = require('pako');
 
var test = { my: 'super', puper: [456, 567], awesome: 'pako' };
 
var binaryString = pako.deflate(JSON.stringify(test), { to: 'string' });
 
//
// Here you can do base64 encode, make xhr requests and so on.
//
 
var restored = JSON.parse(pako.inflate(binaryString, { to: 'string' }));

Notes

Pako does not contain some specific zlib functions:

  • deflate - methods deflateCopy, deflateBound, deflateParams, deflatePending, deflatePrime, deflateTune.
  • inflate - methods inflateCopy, inflateMark, inflatePrime, inflateGetDictionary, inflateSync, inflateSyncPoint, inflateUndermine.
  • High level inflate/deflate wrappers (classes) may not support some flush modes. Those should work: Z_NO_FLUSH, Z_FINISH, Z_SYNC_FLUSH.

Authors

Personal thanks to:

  • Vyacheslav Egorov (@mraleph) for his awesome tutorials about optimising JS code for v8, IRHydra tool and his advices.
  • David Duponchel (@dduponchel) for help with testing.

Original implementation (in C):

  • zlib by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler.

License

MIT