object-path
    DefinitelyTyped icon, indicating that this package has TypeScript declarations provided by the separate @types/object-path package

    0.11.8 • Public • Published

    object-path

    Access deep properties using a path

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    Changelog

    0.11.8

    • SECURITY FIX. Fix a prototype pollution vulnerability in the del(), empty(), push(), insert() functions when using the "inherited props" mode (e.g. when a new object-path instance is created with the includeInheritedProps option set to true or when using the withInheritedProps default instance. To help with preventing this type of vulnerability in the client code, also the get() function will now throw an exception if an object's magic properties are accessed. The vulnerability does not exist in the default instance exposed by object path (e.g objectPath.del()) if using version >= 0.11.0.

    0.11.6

    • SECURITY FIX. Fix a circumvention of the security fix released in 0.11.5 when non-string/non-numeric values are used in the path (e.g. op.withInheritedProps.set({}, [['__proto__'], 'polluted'], true))

    0.11.5

    • SECURITY FIX. Fix a prototype pollution vulnerability in the set() function when using the "inherited props" mode (e.g. when a new object-path instance is created with the includeInheritedProps option set to true or when using the withInheritedProps default instance. The vulnerability does not exist in the default instance exposed by object path (e.g objectPath.set()) if using version >= 0.11.0.

    0.11.0

    • Introduce ability to specify options and create new instances of object-path
    • Introduce option to control the way object-path deals with inherited properties (includeInheritedProps)
    • New default object-path instance already configured to handle not-own object properties (withInheritedProps)

    0.10.0

    • Improved performance of get, set, and push by 2x-3x
    • Introduced a benchmarking test suite
    • BREAKING CHANGE: del, empty, set will not affect not-own object's properties (made them consistent with the other methods)

    Install

    Node.js

    npm install object-path --save
    

    Bower

    bower install object-path --save
    

    Typescript typings

    typings install --save dt~object-path
    

    Usage

    var obj = {
      a: {
        b: "d",
        c: ["e", "f"],
        '\u1200': 'unicode key',
        'dot.dot': 'key'
      }
    };
    
    var objectPath = require("object-path");
    
    //get deep property
    objectPath.get(obj, "a.b");  //returns "d"
    objectPath.get(obj, ["a", "dot.dot"]);  //returns "key"
    objectPath.get(obj, 'a.\u1200');  //returns "unicode key"
    
    //get the first non-undefined value
    objectPath.coalesce(obj, ['a.z', 'a.d', ['a','b']], 'default');
    
    //empty a given path (but do not delete it) depending on their type,so it retains reference to objects and arrays.
    //functions that are not inherited from prototype are set to null.
    //object instances are considered objects and just own property names are deleted
    objectPath.empty(obj, 'a.b'); // obj.a.b is now ''
    objectPath.empty(obj, 'a.c'); // obj.a.c is now []
    objectPath.empty(obj, 'a'); // obj.a is now {}
    
    //works also with arrays
    objectPath.get(obj, "a.c.1");  //returns "f"
    objectPath.get(obj, ["a","c","1"]);  //returns "f"
    
    //can return a default value with get
    objectPath.get(obj, ["a.c.b"], "DEFAULT");  //returns "DEFAULT", since a.c.b path doesn't exists, if omitted, returns undefined
    
    //set
    objectPath.set(obj, "a.h", "m"); // or objectPath.set(obj, ["a","h"], "m");
    objectPath.get(obj, "a.h");  //returns "m"
    
    //set will create intermediate object/arrays
    objectPath.set(obj, "a.j.0.f", "m");
    
    //will insert values in array
    objectPath.insert(obj, "a.c", "m", 1); // obj.a.c = ["e", "m", "f"]
    
    //push into arrays (and create intermediate objects/arrays)
    objectPath.push(obj, "a.k", "o");
    
    //ensure a path exists (if it doesn't, set the default value you provide)
    objectPath.ensureExists(obj, "a.k.1", "DEFAULT");
    var oldVal = objectPath.ensureExists(obj, "a.b", "DEFAULT"); // oldval === "d"
    
    //deletes a path
    objectPath.del(obj, "a.b"); // obj.a.b is now undefined
    objectPath.del(obj, ["a","c",0]); // obj.a.c is now ['f']
    
    //tests path existence
    objectPath.has(obj, "a.b"); // true
    objectPath.has(obj, ["a","d"]); // false
    
    //bind object
    var model = objectPath({
      a: {
        b: "d",
        c: ["e", "f"]
      }
    });
    
    //now any method from above is supported directly w/o passing an object
    model.get("a.b");  //returns "d"
    model.get(["a.c.b"], "DEFAULT");  //returns "DEFAULT"
    model.del("a.b"); // obj.a.b is now undefined
    model.has("a.b"); // false

    How object-path deals with inherited properties

    By default object-path will only access an object's own properties. Look at the following example:

    var proto = {
      notOwn: {prop: 'a'}
    }
    var obj = Object.create(proto);
    
    //This will return undefined (or the default value you specified), because notOwn is
    //an inherited property
    objectPath.get(obj, 'notOwn.prop');
    
    //This will set the property on the obj instance and not the prototype.
    //In other words proto.notOwn.prop === 'a' and obj.notOwn.prop === 'b'
    objectPath.set(obj, 'notOwn.prop', 'b');

    To configure object-path to also deal with inherited properties, you need to create a new instance and specify the includeInheritedProps = true in the options object:

    var objectPath = require("object-path");
    var objectPathWithInheritedProps = objectPath.create({includeInheritedProps: true})

    Alternatively, object-path exposes an instance already configured to handle inherited properties (objectPath.withInheritedProps):

    var objectPath = require("object-path");
    var objectPathWithInheritedProps = objectPath.withInheritedProps

    Once you have the new instance, you can access inherited properties as you access other properties:

    var proto = {
      notOwn: {prop: 'a'}
    }
    var obj = Object.create(proto);
    
    //This will return 'a'
    objectPath.withInheritedProps.get(obj, 'notOwn.prop');
    
    //This will set proto.notOwn.prop to 'b'
    objectPath.set(obj, 'notOwn.prop', 'b');

    NOTE: For security reasons object-path will throw an exception when trying to access an object's magic properties (e.g. __proto__, constructor) when in "inherited props" mode.

    Immutability

    If you are looking for an immutable alternative of this library, you can take a look at: object-path-immutable

    Credits

    Install

    npm i object-path

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    3,035,890

    Version

    0.11.8

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    60.9 kB

    Total Files

    10

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • mariocasciaro