number-allocator
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    1.0.10 • Public • Published

    Unique number allocator for JavaScript.

    Version 1.0.10 number-allocator CI codecov

    How to use

    const NumberAllocator = require('number-allocator').NumberAllocator
    
    // Construct a NumerAllocator that has [0-10] numbers.
    // All numbers are vacant.
    const a = new NumberAllocator(0, 10)
    
    // Allocate the least vacant number.
    const num0 = a.alloc()
    console.log(num0) // 0
    
    // Allocate the least vacant number.
    const num1 = a.alloc()
    console.log(num1) // 1
    
    // Use any vacant number.
    const ret1 = a.use(5) // 5 is marked as used(occupied) in the NumberAllocator.
    console.log(ret1) // true
    
    // If use the used number, then return false.
    const ret2 = a.use(1) // 1 has already been used, then return false
    console.log(ret2) // false
    
    // Free the used number.
    a.free(1)
    // Now 1 becomes vacant again.
    
    const ret3 = a.use(1)
    console.log(ret3) // true
    
    // Get the lowest vacant number without marking used.
    const num2 = a.firstVacant()
    console.log(num2) // 2
    
    // Clear all used mark. Now [0-10] are allocatable again.
    a.clear()

    Reference

    NumberAllocator(min, max)

    Constructor

    • min: Number
      • The maximum number of allocatable. The number must be integer.
    • max: Number
      • The minimum number of allocatable. The number must be integer.

    The all numbers are set to vacant status.

    Time Complexity O(1)

    firstVacant()

    Get the first vacant number. The status of the number is not updated.

    Time Complexity O(1)

    • return: Number
      • The first vacant number. If all numbers are occupied, return null. When alloc() is called then the same value will be allocated.

    alloc()

    Allocate the first vacant number. The number become occupied status.

    Time Complexity O(1)

    • return: Number
      • The first vacant number. If all numbers are occupied, return null.

    use(num)

    Use the number. The number become occupied status.

    If the number has already been occupied, then return false.

    Time Complexity O(logN) : N is the number of intervals (not numbers)

    • num: Number
      • The number to request use.
    • return: Boolean
      • If num was not occupied, then return true, otherwise return false.

    free(num)

    Deallocate the number. The number become vacant status.

    Time Complexity O(logN) : N is the number of intervals (not numbers)

    • num: Number
      • The number to deallocate. The number must be occupied status. In other words, the number must be allocated by alloc() or occupied be use().

    clear()

    Clear all occupied numbers. The all numbers are set to vacant status. Time Complexity O(1)

    intervalCount()

    Get the number of intervals. Interval is internal structure of this library.

    This function is for debugging.

    Time Complexity O(1)

    • return: Number
      • The number of intervals.

    dump()

    Dump the internal structor of the library.

    This function is for debugging.

    Time Complexity O(N) : N is the number of intervals (not numbers)

    Internal structure

    NumberAllocator has a sorted-set of Interval.

    Interval has low and high property.

    I use [low-high] notation to describe Interval.

    When NumberAllocator is constructed, it has only one Interval(min, max).

    Let's say new NumberAllocator(1, 9) then the internal structure become as follows:

    [1-------9]
    

    When alloc() is called, the first Interval.low is returned.

    And then the interval is shrinked.

    alloc()
    return 1
     [2------9]
    

    When use(5) is called, the interval is separated to the two intervals.

    use(5)
     [2-4] [6--9]
    

    When alloc() is called again, the first Interval.low is returned.

    And then the interval is shrinked.

    alloc()
    return 2
      [3-4] [6--9]
    

    When free(1) is called. the interval is inseted.

    free(1)
    [1]  [3-4] [6--9]
    

    When free(2) is called. the interval is inseted.

    And check the left and right intervals. If they are continuours, then concatinate to them.

    free(1)
    [1][2][3-4] [6--9]
    [1-------4] [6--9]
    

    When clear() is called, then reset the interval as follows:

    [1-------9]
    

    When intervalCount() is called, then the number of intervals is retuned.

    In the following case, return 3.

    intervalCount()
    return 3
    [1]  [3-4] [6--9]
    

    Interval management (insertion/concatination/shrinking) is using efficient way. Insert/Delete operation to sorted-set is minimized. Some of operations requires O(logN) time complexity. N is number of intervals. If the maximum count of allocatable values is M, N is at most floor((M + 1) / 2),

    In this example, M is 9 so N is at most 5 as follows:

    [1] [3] [5] [7] [9]
    

    Install

    npm i number-allocator

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    187,622

    Version

    1.0.10

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    28.6 kB

    Total Files

    13

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • redboltz