0.3.6 • Public • Published


A simple and 'low-level' source code comments parser and documentation generator.

Oops, this doc is generated by nodoc itself !

NPM version Deps Up to Date

Supported Languages

  • CoffeeScript

Other languagage, especially javascript, will be supported soon.

Language Name Aliases

Use lower case, used both for language option and extname recognization.

    "coffee": "coffee",
    "coffeescript": "coffee",
    "js": "javascript",
    "javascript": "javascript"


  1. Convert comment block to an object as following:

Parsed Comment Object

    name: 'parseFile',
    description: 'Parse source code from file. Use Promise instead of callback',
    tags: [ [Object], [Object], [Object], [Object] ], // tag objects array
    lineNum: 78
#### Tag Object
    tagName: 'param',
    type: 'string', // only @param, @property, @option, @return
    name: 'srcPath', // only @param, @property, @option
    description: 'Path of source code file'
Tags are only key-value pairs, except `@param`, `@return`, `@property`, `@option`. They may have extra type and (maybe) name.

var doc = require('nodoc');

// From file
res = doc.parser.parseFileSync('./src/parser/')
//From source code
doc.parser.parse('A piece of source code', 'coffee').then(function(res){});
  1. Generate gitHub flavored markdown API doc from comments.

    var doc = require('nodoc'),
        fs = require('fs');
    doc.generate('./src/parser/', {
        moduleName: 'parser',
        moduleDesc: 'This is a parser!'
        fs.writeFileSync('./', markdown);

    In this case, predefined tags will make effects.

    ### Predefined tags

    • @private: Hidden in the generated document.
    • @nodoc: Same behavior as @private, but they are differ in semantics.
    • @alias: Shown as an addition of function name.
    • @prefix: Add a custom prefix to function name.
    • @noPrefix: Only preserve the real name, regard util.promisify as promisify.

Comment format

Of course, you need to write your comments in a standard way to make a parser work. Such as:

 * Generate formatted markdown API document from source code
 * @param  {string} srcPath    Path of source code file
 * @param  {Object={}} opts    Options, optional
 * @return {Promise}           Resolve formatted markdown
 * @example
 * ` ``javascript
 * nodoc.generate('./src/').then(function(md){
 *     console.log(md);
 * });
 * ` ``

As you can see, you can use markdown in your comment!

Reference: jsdoc


  • #### generate (srcPath, opts) (alias: render) Generate formatted markdown API document from source code

    • param: srcPath { string }

      Path of the source code file

    • param: opts { Object= }


          moduleName: '', // module name of the file, or it will be auto set to file name, of parent directory name for `index` file.
          moduleDesc: '', // module decription
          template: '',   // custom template
          tplData: {},    // addition template data
          cwd: process.cwd()   // current working directory
          language: ''         // specify the language, or it will be auto recognized by extname
          rule: {}             // specific parser rule, items vary from parsers
    • return: { Promise }

      Resolve markdown

    • example:

  • #### parser Parser module, see below for details.

Parser Module

  • #### parser.setParser (name, parser) Create a new parser or override an old ones

    • param: name { string|Array }

      parser's name/language (and aliases)

    • param: parser { Object }

      parser object, see below

  • #### parser.parse (source, language, opts) Parse source code directly.

    • param: source { string }

      source code

    • param: language { string }

      specify source language

    • param: opts { Object= }

      option, optional

    • return: { Array }

      parsed comments object array

    • example:

      nodoc.parser.parse("This is source code with comments", "coffee").then(function(comments){
  • #### parser.parseFile (filePath, opts = {}) Parse source code from file. Use Promise instead of callback

    • param: filePath { string }

      souce file path

    • param: opts { Object={} }


    • return: { Promise }

      resolve parsed comment object array

    • example:

      nodoc.parser.parseFile("", {cwd: './src'}).then(function(comments){
  • #### parser.parseFileSync () Synchronous version of parseFile

    • return: { Array }

      parsed comment object array

  • #### parser.setRule (language, rule) Set parser's rule

    • param: language { string }

      parser's name/language

    • param: rule { Object }

      parser's rule object

    • example:

      nodoc.parser.setRule('coffee', {
          commentReg: /#?([\s\S]+?)#\s+([\w\.]+)/g

Write your own template

Nodoc uses underscore template to render the markdown template. You need to realize that template is not HTML's privilege. If you don't want to use the default template, you can use your own.

doc.generate('./src/parser/', {
    template: 'Here is your own template'
    tplData: {}  // You can use this object to add custom data to your template

However, if you even want to use a alternative template engine, please use parser module directly.

Write your own language parser

If the languages you use is not supported by nodoc, you can write your own parser and register it by parser.setParser. If you want your parser to be a part of nodoc, please make a pull request, it is warmly welcomed.

A parser should provide follow APIs:

Parser API

  • #### parse (source, localRule) Parse comment from source code

    • param: source { string }

      source code

    • param: localRule { Object= }

      optional, custom rule object, use once

    • return: { Array }

      parsed comments object array

  • #### setRule (ruleObj) Set the rule of the parser

    • param: ruleObj { Object }

      rule object

  • #### getRule () Hmm..., I'd like to use this to generate document.

    • return: { Object }

      rule object


A parser uses and is supposed to expose the rules it uses to parse the code.

Rules for coffee parser

{ commentReg: /###\*([\s\S]+?)###\s+([\w\.@'"]+)/g,
  splitReg: /^\s+\* ?@/m,
  tagNameReg: /^([\w\.]+)\s*/,
  typeReg: /^\{(.+|}?)\}\s*/,
  nameReg: /^([\w\.]+)\s*/,
  nameTags: [ 'param', 'property', 'option' ],
  descriptionReg: /^([\s\S]*)/,
  removePrefix: /self\.|this\.|@|'|"/g }



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