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node-echonet-lite

0.4.0 • Public • Published

node-echonet-lite

The node-echonet-lite is a Node.js module which allows you to communicate with home appliances supporting the ECHONET Lite protocol.

This module provides you with functions such as listening, parsing, creating, sending ECHONET Lite packets over LAN/IPv4 on LAN (Wi-Fi or Ehternet) and UDP/IPv6 on Wi-SUN.

The ECHONET Lite is a communications protocol for smart home devices, which is mainly used in Japan. This module is based on the ECHONET Lite specifications which are available at the web site of the ECHONET Consortium:

The node-echonet-lite mainly has functionalities as follows:

  • Listens incoming ECHONET Lite packets
  • Parses ECHONET Lite packets
  • Creates ECHONET Lite packets
  • Sends ECHONET Lite packets

The ECHONET Lite specification defines a lot of classes (profiles of devices), the node-echonet-lite currently supports some classes as follows:

  • Sensor-related Device Class Group (Class Group code: 0x00)
    • Temperature sensor class (Class code: 0x11)
    • Humidity sensor class (Class code: 0x12)
    • Electric energy sensor class (Class code: 0x22)
    • Air pressure sensor class (Class code: 0x2D)
  • Air Conditioner-related Device Class Group (Class Group code: 0x01)
    • Home air conditioner class (Class code: 0x30)
    • Air cleaner class (Class code: 0x35)
  • Housing/Facilities-related Device Class Group (Class Group code: 0x02)
    • Electrically operated blind/shade class (Class code: 0x60)
    • Electric lock class (Class code: 0x6F)
    • Low-voltage smart electric energy meter class (Class code: 0x88)
    • General lighting class (Class code: 0x90)
  • Profile class Group (Class Group Code: 0x0E)
    • Node Profile Class (Class code: 0x0F)

Besides the Device Object Super Class is supported as well, which is a base class inherited by all other classes. See the section "Supported EPCs" for details.

The node-echonet-lite parses ECHONET Lite packets related to the classes above correctly, so you don't have to know the spec for the classes above in detail. But the node-echonet-lite is useful for unknown classes as well, because it is an ECHONET Lite handling framework. This module provides a Buffer objects representing information for each class in an ECHONET Lite packet. Though you have to know the spec for the class, you can handle any type of classes and you don't have to know the underlying network layers.

The node-echonet-lite supports the network layers as follows:

  • UDP/IPv4 on LAN (Wi-Fi or Ethernet)
    • This protocol stack is used for most of smart home devices, such as home air conditioners.
  • UDP/IPv6 on Wi-SUN
    • This protocol stack is used as a communication line between a low-voltage smart electric energy meter and a home gateway (a.k.a. "HEMS gateway") in Japan. The communication line is as known as "Route-B".
    • [NOTE] This module is unstable for this network protocol stack for now.

The node-echonet-lite supports the Wi-SUN USB dongles as a HEMS gateway for Wi-SUN Route-B as follows:

If you want to communicate with a smart electric energy meter, you have to get either of the Wi-SUN USB dongles above. Note that the Wi-SUN USB dongles are available only in Japan.

Before using the node-echonet-lite module, you have to know the basics of the ECHONET Lite specification. See the section "ECHONET Lite Tutorial" for details.

Dependencies

Installation

$ cd ~
$ npm install serialport
$ npm install node-echonet-lite

ECHONET Lite Emulator

The ECHONET Lite devices are mainly available in Japan. If you don't have any ECHONET devices, it is recommended to use the MoekadenRoom which is an ECHONET Lite Emulator. MoekadenRoom emulates 6 types of devices (classes): Home air conditioner class, General lighting class, Electrically operated blind/shade class, Electric lock class, Temperature sensor class, and Low-voltage smart electric energy meter class. The node-echonet-lite supports the classes.


Table of Contents


ECHONET Lite Tutorial

The ECHONET Lite packet consists of several blocks as follows:

-------------------------------------------------------------------
|EHD1|EHD2|TID|SEOJ|DEOJ|ESV|OPC|EPC1|PDC1|EDT1|...|EPCn|PDCn|EDTn|
-------------------------------------------------------------------

- EHD1: ECHONET Lite message header 1 (1 Byte)
- EHD2: ECHONET Lite message header 2 (1 Byte)
- TID : Transaction ID (2 Bytes)
- SEOJ: Source ECHONET Lite object specification (3 Bytes)
- DEOJ: Destination ECHONET Lite object specification (3 Bytes)
- ESV : ECHONET Lite service (1 Byte)
- OPC : Number of processing properties (1 Byte)
- EPC : ECHONET Lite Property (1 Byte)
- PDC : Property data counter (1 Byte)
- EDT : Property value data (Specified by PDC)

Though you don't need to know all block, using the node-echonet-lite module, you have to know at least EOJ (SEOJ, DEOJ), ESV, EPC, and EDT block. This section describes the summary of them. If you want to know more, see ECHONET Lite Specification, Version 1.12 for details.

EOJ (ECHONET Lite Object)

The EOJ represents an entity of a device which is called "object" in the ECHONET Lite specification. In a ECHONET Lite packet, you can see two EOJ blocks as the SEOJ and the DEOJ. The SEOJ block means the source object, the DEOJ means the destination object. When you receive an ECHONET Lite packet, the SEOJ in the packet represents the remote device, the DEOJ represents you. In the contrary case, the remote device and you switch places. That is, the DEOJ represents you and the SEOJ represents the remote device.

The EOJ consists of three parts: Class group code, Class code, and Instance code.

A pair of a class group code and a Class code represents a type of a device. For example, the pair of the class group code 0x01 and the class code 0x30 means the Home Air Conditioner Class. The pair of the class group code 0x0E and the class code 0x0F means the Node Profile Class which is mainly used for the discovery process. Basically all ECHONET Lite devices have the Node Profile Class.

The instance code is basically 0x01. The node-echonet-lite module provide you with the EOJ including the Instance code as a result of the discovery process. So you don't need to care about instance codes.

An EOJ is expressed as an Array object in the node-echonet-lite module, such as [0x01, 0x03, 0x01]. Some method of the node-echonet-lite requires such an Array object as an argument.

This node-echonet-lite module uses the EOJ [0x05, 0xFF, 0x01] as itself (i.e. you) by default. This EOJ means the Controller class in the management, control-related device class group, and instance code 1. you can change the self-EOJ using the setSelfEoj() method anytime.

ESV (ECHONET Lite service)

The ESV represents a kind of a request/response code. It is similar to the HTTP status code. Though a lot of ESV are defined in the ECHONET Lite specification, it is enough to know 6 types of ESV as follows. If you know the 6 types of ESV, you could accomplish most of what you want to do:

ESV symbol desctiption
Get If you want to get something from the remote device, this ESV is used.
SetC If you want to set something to the remote device, this ESV is used.
Get_Res If the remote device accepts the Get request and meets the request, the remote device will use this ESV in the response packet.
Set_Res If the remote device accepts the SetC request and meets the requests, the remote device will use this ESV in the response packet.
Get_SNA If the remote device can not accept the Get request or can not meet the request, the remote device will use this ESV in the response packet.
SetC_SNA If the remote device can not accept the SetC request or can not meet the request, the remote device will use this ESV in the response packet.

Actually, the ESV is an code consisting of 1 byte unsigned integer. But you don't need to know the codes specified in the ECHONET Lite specification because this module communicates with you using only the symbols above (Get, SetC, etc.).

EPC (ECHONET Property Code)

The EPC represents a property code. Each device object (EOJ) has a lot of properties (EPCs) such as operation status (0x80), manufacturer code (0x8A), room temperature (0xBB), etc. However an EPC is meaningless by itself. An EPC has a meaning with a class group code and a class code. Note that two same EPCs with a different class group code or class code don't necessarily have the same meaning.

In this section, a set of the three codes described above is expressed like 03-01-80 for the purpose of explanation.

For example, 03-01-80 means the operation status of the Home Air Conditioner Class. 0E-0F-80 means the operation status of the Node Profile class as well. Though both of the two mean the operation status, the meanings are slightly different. 03-01-80 represents an intuitive operation to you. If you turn on your air conditioner, the status will be ON. If you turn off your air conditioner, the status will be OFF. But 0E-0F-80 is basically always ON, because it means the operation status of the network adapter equipped in your air conditioner.

EDT (Property value data)

The EDT represents the data corresponding to the EPC. The data structure depends on the corresponding EPC (in addition to the class group code and the class code), which is specified in the APPENDIX of the ECHONET Lite specification. When you request a certain information to the remote device, the EDT in the response packet is just what you want.

The node-echonet-lite module supports some types of EDT for EPCs which are called "supported EPC" in this document. Note that the remote device does not necessarily support the EPC event if this module supports it.

If the EPC is supported by this module (i.e. a supported EPC), you don't need to know the data structure of the EDT. The node-echonet-lite module parses the EDT of the supported EPC and provides you with the result as the EDT object, you can access information which you want easily. See the section "Supported EPCs" for details.

Even if the EPC is not supported by this module, you can obtain the Buffer object representing the EDT. Though you need to know the data structure of the EDT, you can parse any EDT by yourself. See the section How to handle unknown EPCs for details.


Quick Start

This section shows how to discover a specific type of device, how to get a value of a specific property of the device, and how to set a value to the property of the device.

Home Air Conditioner

The sample code below discovers a home air conditioner, then gets the current operation status (ON or OFF), finally turns on or off the home air conditioner.

// Load the node-echonet-lite module
var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
 
// Create an EchonetLite object
//   The type of network layer must be passed.
var el = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});
 
// Initialize the EchonetLite object
el.init((err) => {
  if(err) { // An error was occurred
    showErrorExit(err);
  } else { // Start to discover devices
    discoverDevices();
  }
});
 
// Start to discover devices
function discoverDevices() {
  // Start to discover Echonet Lite devices
  el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
    // Error handling
    if(err) {
      showErrorExit(err);
    }
    // Determine the type of the found device
    var device = res['device'];
    var address = device['address'];
    var eoj = device['eoj'][0];
    var group_code = eoj[0]; // Class group code
    var class_code = eoj[1]; // Class code
    if(group_code === 0x01 && class_code === 0x30) {
      // Stop to discovery process
      el.stopDiscovery();
      // This means that the found device belongs to the home air conditioner class
      console.log('Found an air conditioner (' + address + ').');
      // Get the operation status
      getOperationStatus(address, eoj);
    }
  });
}
 
// Get the operation status
function getOperationStatus(address, eoj) {
  var epc = 0x80; // An property code which means the operation status
  el.getPropertyValue(address, eoj, epc, (err, res) => {
    // this value is true if the air conditione is on
    var status = res['message']['data']['status'];
    var desc = (status ? 'on' : 'off');
    console.log('The air conditioner is ' + desc + '.');
    // Toggle the status of the operation status
    changePowerStatus(address, eoj, epc, !status);
  });
}
 
// Change the status of the operation status
function changePowerStatus(address, eoj, epc, status) {
  var edt = { 'status': status };
  el.setPropertyValue(address, eoj, epc, edt, (err, res) => {
    var desc = (status ? 'on' : 'off');
    console.log('The air conditionaer was turned ' + desc + '.');
    el.close(() => {
      console.log('Closed.');
      // This script terminates here.
    });
  });
}
 
// Print an error then terminate the process of this script
function showErrorExit(err) {
  console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
  process.exit();
}

This sample code will output the result like this:

Found an air conditioner (192.168.10.15).
The air conditioner is off.
The air conditionaer was turned on.

Smart Electric Energy Meter

// Load the node-echonet-lite module
var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
 
// Create an EchonetLite object for Wi-SUN Route-B
var el = new EchonetLite({
  'type'   : 'wisunb',
  'adapter': 'bp35c2',
  'path'   : 'COM6',
  'id'     : 'XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX',
  'pass'   : 'XXXXXXXXXXXX'
});
 
// Initialize the EchonetLite object
el.init((err) => {
  if(err) { // An error was occurred
    showErrorExit(err);
  } else { // Start to discover devices
    discoverDevices();
  }
});
 
// Start to discover devices
function discoverDevices() {
  // Start to discover a smart electric energy meter
  // on Wi-SUN B-route using a Wi-SUN USB dongle
  el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
    // Error handling
    if(err) {
      showErrorExit(err);
    }
    // Determine the type of the found device
    var device = res['device'];
    var address = device['address'];
    var eoj = device['eoj'][0];
    var group_code = eoj[0]; // Class group code
    var class_code = eoj[1]; // Class code
    if(group_code === 0x02 && class_code === 0x88) {
      // Stop to discovery process
      el.stopDiscovery();
      // This means that the found device belongs to
      // the low voltage smart electric energy meter class
      console.log('Found a smart electric energy meter (' + address + ').');
      // Get the Measured instantaneous electric energy 
      getMeasuredValue(address, eoj);
    }
  });
}
 
// Get the measured values
function getMeasuredValue(address, eoj) {
  var epc = 0xE7; // An property code which means "Measured instantaneous electric energy"
  el.getPropertyValue(address, eoj, epc, (err, res) => {
    var energy = res['message']['data']['energy'];
    console.log('Measured instantaneous electric energy is ' + energy + ' W.');
    el.close(() => {
      console.log('Closed.');
      process.exit();
    });
  });
}
 
// Print an error then terminate the process of this script
function showErrorExit(err) {
  console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
  process.exit();
}

This sample code will output the result like this:

Found a smart electric energy meter (XXX0:0000:0000:0000:0XXX:XXXX:XXXX:XXXX).
Measured instantaneous electric energy is 402 W.
Closed.

Operating suggestions

If you want to send multiple requests, never send them simultaneously. Be sure to send a request after the response for the previous request came. You should know the remote device is not a high-performance computer such as a personal computer or a smart phone. It is a poor-performance embedded device. Never put unnecessary pressure on such devices in order to avoid unexpected problems.

Never do this:

// [CAUTION] NEVER DO THIS
[0xE0, 0xE1, 0xE2].forEach((epc) => {
  el.getPropertyValue(address, eoj, epc, (err, res) => {
    console.dir(res['message']['data']);
  });
});

Do this instead:

var epc_list = [0xBA, 0xBB, 0xBE];
(function request() {
  var epc = epc_list.shift();
  if(epc) {
    el.getPropertyValue(address, eoj, epc, (err, res) => {
      console.dir(res['message']['data']);
      request();
    });
  } else {
    el.close();
  }
})();

Especially, You should be more careful to Wi-SUN devices because not only Wi-SUN-related devices perform really poorly but also the bit-rate of Wi-SUN is really poorer than Wi-Fi or Ethernet. If you send another request, it is strongly encouraged to wait at least in 1 second after the response for the previous request came using the setTimeout() method implemented in Node.js.

var epc_list = [0xBA, 0xBB, 0xBE];
(function request() {
  var epc = epc_list.shift();
  if(epc) {
    el.getPropertyValue(address, eoj, epc, (err, res) => {
      console.dir(res['message']['data']);
 
      // HERE IS IMPORTANT!!!
      setTimeout(request, 1000);
 
    });
  } else {
    el.close();
  }
})();

How long you should wait, it depends on conditions. You might have to wait longer.

The suggestion described here is applied to the all methods sending a packet as well: getPropertyMaps(), getPropertyValue(), setPropertyValue(), and send().


Constructor of the EchonetLite object

In order to use the node-echonet-lite, you have to load the node-echonet-lite module as follows:

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');

You can get an EchonetLite constructor using the code above. Then you have to create an EchonetLite object as an instance of the EchonetLite constructor as follows:

var el = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});

The EchonetLite constructor takes an argument. It must be a hash object having the properties as follows:

Property Type Required Description
type String required The type of the network layer (protocol stack). The value must be either lan or wisunb. The value lan means UDP/IPv4 on LAN (Wi-Fi or Ethernet). The value wisunb means UDP/IPv6 on Wi-SUN.
lang String optional The language code. The value must be either en (English) or ja (Japanese). This module can report analysis results of incoming ECHONET Lite packets using the specified language. The default value is en

If you set lan to type property, the additional properties are required as follows:

Property Type Required Description
netif String optional Specify the multicast interface as an IPv4 address.

If the netif is not specified, all available network interfaces will be joined to a multicast group. If you want to use one network interface, set the netif parameter to the IPv4 address representing the network interface you want to use.

If you set wisunb to type property, the additional properties are required as follows:

Property Type Required Description
adapter String required The product name of Wi-SUN USB dongle. The value must be either bp35a1 or rl7023.
path String required The path of the serial port which the Wi-SUN USB dongle is inserted. If you use Windows OS, it should be like COM3. If you use Linux, it should be like /dev/tty-usbserial1.
baud Number optional The baud rate of the Wi-SUN USB dongle. The default value is 115200. If your Wi-SUN USB dongle supports the default baud rate, you don't need to specify this property.
id String required The Route-B ID.
pass String required The Route-B Password.

The sample code below shows how to create an EchonetLite object for the network layer "UDP/IPv6 on Wi-SUN".

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({
  'lang'   : 'ja',
  'type'   : 'wisunb',
  'adapter': 'bp35a1',
  'path'   : 'COM8',
  'id'     : '0123456789ABCDEF0123456789ABCDEF',
  'pass'   : 'ABCDEFGHIJKL',
  'baud'   : 115200
});

Technically, you can create multiple EchonetLite objects with the same type of network layer. However, that don't work well. Never do that.

// [CAUTION] NEVER DO THIS. THIS NEVER WORKS.
var el1 = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});
var el2 = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});

The code below also don't work.

// [CAUTION] NEVER DO THIS. THIS NEVER WORKS.
var el1 = new EchonetLite({'type': 'wisunb', ...});
var el2 = new EchonetLite({'type': 'wisunb', ...});

You can create two EchonetLite objects with different type of network layer. The code blow will work well.

// This will work well.
var el1 = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});
var el2 = new EchonetLite({'type': 'wisunb', ...});

Methods

This section describes the methods implemented in the EchonetLite object.

init(callback)

This method initializes the EchonetLite object. You have to initialize the EchonetLite object immediately after you create it.

The initialization is processed asynchronously. Therefore you have to specify a callback function as the 1st argument of this method.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});
 
// Initialize the EchonetLite object
el.init((err) => {
  if(err) { // An error was occurred
    // Do something for the error.
  } else { // The initialization process completed successfully
    // Do something using the EchonetLite object.
    // Generally, the discover process is started here.
  }
});

setLang(lang)

This method set the language for the packet analysis. Basically you don't need to call this method. If you want to get the results of the packet analysis, you can choose the language from English and Japanese.

If you want to set the language to English explicitly, pass an string en to this method as the 1st argument. Similarly, if you want to set the language to Japanese, pass an string ja to this method as the 1st argument.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});
 
// Set the language to Japanese
var lang = el.setLang('ja');
 
// Set the language to English
var lang = el.setLang('en');

This method can be called anytime after the EchonetLite object was created. You don't need to wait for the completion of the initialization process of the EchonetLite object.

getClassGroupName(group_code)

getClassName(group_code, class_code)

getPropertyName(group_code, class_code, epc)

isSupportedEpc(group_code, class_code, epc)

The getClassGroupName() method, the getClassName() method, and the getPropertyName() method returns the class group name, the class name, and the property name respectively. These names are defined in the ECHONET Lite specification. The node-echonet-lite module knows all names specified in the spec.

The isSupportedEpc() method returns true or false. If the EDT of the set of codes passed to this method is supported to be parsed by the node-echonet-lite module, this method returns true, otherwise false.

The sample code below shows how to get the group name, the class name, and property name. Furthermore, it shows how to determine if the EDT of the specified EPC is supported to be parsed by this module.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({'lang': 'en', 'type': 'lan'});
 
var group_code = 0x02;
var class_code = 0x64;
var epc = 0xD0;
 
var group_name = el.getClassGroupName(group_code);
var class_name = el.getClassName(group_code, class_code);
var prop_name = el.getPropertyName(group_code, class_code, epc);
var supported = el.isSupportedEpc(group_code, class_code, epc);
 
console.log('- Group name    : ' + group_name);
console.log('- Class name    : ' + class_name);
console.log('- Property name : ' + prop_name);
console.log('- Is supported  : ' + (supported ? 'Yes' : 'No'));

The sample code above will output the result like this:

- Group name    : Housing/facility-related device class group
- Class name    : Electrically operated gate class
- Property name : Opening speed setting
- Is supported  : No

if you want to see the result in Japanese, specify it to the EchonetLite constructor like this:

var el = new EchonetLite({'lang': 'ja', 'type': 'lan'});

You can also use the setLang() method of the EchonetLite object:

el.setLang('ja');

If the language setting is ja, the result will be as follows:

- Group name    : 住宅・設備関連機器クラスグループ
- Class name    : 電動ゲート
- Property name : 開速度設定
- Is supported  : No

setSelfEoj(eoj)

This method allows you to set the self-EOJ to arbitrary EOJ. The first argument eoj must be an Array object consisting three codes: the class group code, the class code, and the instance code. Each code must be an integer in the range of 0 (0x00) to 255 (0xFF).

var el = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});
el.setSelfEoj([0x06, 0x04, 0x01]);

Once you set the self-EOJ, this module uses it for the SEOJ of each ECHONET Lite packet to be sent even when the discovery process is executed. You can use this method at any time after the EchonetLite object was created.

If you don't call this method, this module uses the default self-EOJ [0x05, 0xFF, 0x01] as the SEOJ of each ECHONET Lite packet to be sent. This default self-EOJ means the Controller class in the management, control-related device class group, and instance code 1.

startDiscovery([callback])

This method start the discovery process and tries to find ECHONET Lite devices. Whenever a ECHONET Lite device was found, the callback function specified to the 1st argument will be called. The callback is optional. The callback will be passed two argument. The 1st argument is an Error object. If no error occurred, it will be null.

If a device was found successfully, the Response object will be passed as the 2nd argument. See the section "Response object" in details.

// Start to discover Echonet Lite devices
el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
  if(err) { // An error was occurred
    // Do something for the error.
  } else { // An ECHONET Lite device was found.
    // Determine the type of the found device
    var device = res['device'];
    var address = device['address'];
    var eoj = device['eoj'][0];
    var group_code = eoj[0]; // Class group code
    var class_code = eoj[1]; // Class code
    if(group_code === 0x01 && class_code === 0x30) {
      // This means that the found device belongs to the home air conditioner class
      console.log('Found an air conditioner (' + address + ').');
      // Stop to discovery process
      el.stopDiscovery();
      // Do something to the device
      ...
    }
  }
});

If no ECHONET Lite device was found, more than one network adapter might exist on your host computer. When this method is called, the node-echonet-lite sends an UDP multicast packet to 224.0.23.0 in the LAN mode. If more than one network adapter exists on your host computer, the OS on your computer possibly would pass it to an unexpected network adapter. It is recommended to disable such network adapters.

Be sure to call stopDiscovery() method if the targeted device was found.

stopDiscovery()

This method stop the discovery process. After the startDiscovery() method was called and the targeted device was found, then be sure to call this method before controlling the targeted devices.

getPropertyMaps(address, eoj[, callback])

This method get the property maps from the specified device. The property maps let you know which EPCs the device supports. Therefore getting the property maps is essential in order to interact with ECHONET Lite devices.

This method takes three arguments. the 1st argument addresss is the IP address of the targeted device. The addresss is required. The IP address can be get from the discovery process.

The 2nd argument eoj is the EOJ of the targeted device. It must be passed as an Array object. The Array object can be get from the discovery process.

The 3rd argument callback is a callback function called when this method completes the process. Two arguments will be passed to the callback. The 1st argument is an Error object. If no error occurred, it will be null. If this method completes the process successfully, the Response object will be passed as the 2nd argument. The special property data is added to the the Response object for this method. The value of the data property is a hash object having the properties as follows:

Property Type Description
inf Array Status change announcement property map
set Array Set property map
get Array Get property map

Each property map contains the supported EPCs as a number.

el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
  // Determine the type of the found device
  var device = res['device'];
  var address = device['address'];
  var eoj = device['eoj'][0];
  var group_code = eoj[0]; // Class group code
  var class_code = eoj[1]; // Class code
  if(group_code === 0x01 && class_code === 0x30) {
    // This means that the found device belongs to the home air conditioner class
    console.log('- IP address: ' + address);
    console.log('- EOJ: ' + JSON.stringify(eoj));
    // Stop to discovery process
    el.stopDiscovery();
    // Get the property maps
    el.getPropertyMaps(address, eoj, (err, res) => {
      console.log('- Property Maps:')
      console.dir(res['message']['data']);
      process.exit();
    });
  }
});

The sample code above will print the result as follows:

- IP address: 192.168.10.15
- EOJ: [1,48,1]
- Property Maps:
{ inf: [ 128, 129, 136, 143, 160, 176 ],
  set: [ 128, 129, 143, 147, 160, 163, 176, 179, 180, 193, 196 ],
  get: [ 176, 160, 128, 193, 129, 130, 179, 163, 147, 131, 196, 180, 132, 133, 136, 137, 186, 138, 187, 157, 190, 158, 159, 143 ] }

It is encouraged to check the property maps before interacting with the targeted device.

getPropertyValue(address, eoj, epc[, callback])

This method get the property value of the specified EPC from the specified device.

This method takes four arguments. the 1st argument addresss is the IP address of the targeted device. This argument is required. The IP address can be get from the discovery process.

The 2nd argument eoj is the EOJ of the targeted device. This argument is required. It must be passed as an Array object. The Array object can be get from the discovery process.

The 3rd argument epc is the EPC you want to get. This argument is required. You have to know which EPC you want is in advance. you can find the meanings of EPCs in the APPENDIX of the ECHONET Lite specification.

The 4th argument callback is a callback function called when this method completes the process. This argument is optional. Two arguments will be passed to the callback. The 1st argument is an Error object. If no error occurred, it will be null. If this method completes the process successfully, the Response object will be passed as the 2nd argument. The special property data is added to the Response object for this method. The value of the data property is a EDT object which is a hash object having some properties depending on the EPC. See the section "EDT object" for details.

The sample code below shows how to use the getPropertyValue() method. In this code, the measured value of room temperature is got from the home air conditioner.

// Start to discover Echonet Lite devices
el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
  // Determine the type of the found device
  var device = res['device'];
  var address = device['address'];
  var eoj = device['eoj'][0];
  var group_code = eoj[0]; // Class group code
  var class_code = eoj[1]; // Class code
  if(group_code === 0x01 && class_code === 0x30) {
    // This means that the found device belongs to the home air conditioner class
    console.log('- IP address: ' + address);
    console.log('- EOJ: ' + JSON.stringify(eoj));
    // Stop to discovery process
    el.stopDiscovery();
    // Get the property value (Measured value of room temperature)
    el.getPropertyValue(address, eoj, 0xBB, (err, res) => {
      console.log('- Property value:')
      console.dir(res['message']['data']);
      process.exit();
    });
  }
});

The sample code above will print the result as follows:

- IP address: 192.168.10.15
- EOJ: [1,48,1]
- Property value:
{ temperature: 26 }

setPropertyValue(address, eoj, epc, edt[, callback])

This method sets the specified property value (edt) of the specified EPC (epc) to the specified device (eoj in address).

This method takes five arguments. the 1st argument addresss is the IP address of the targeted device. This argument is required. The IP address can be get from the discovery process.

The 2nd argument eoj is the EOJ of the targeted device. This argument is required. It must be passed as an Array object. The Array object can be get from the discovery process.

The 3rd argument epc is the EPC you want to set. This argument is required. You have to know the EPC you want to set in advance. you can find the meanings of EPCs in the APPENDIX of the ECHONET Lite specification.

The 4th argument edt is the EDT object which contains some values you want to convey to the targeted device. It is just a hash object. The structure depends on the EPC. See the section "EDT object" for details.

You can specify the 4th argument edt as a Buffer object as well. Though you have to create a Buffer object representing the EDT by yourself, this allows you to send an arbitrary EDT.

The 5th argument callback is a callback function called when this method completes the process. This argument is optional. Two arguments will be passed to the callback. The 1st argument is an Error object. If no error occurred, it will be null. If this method completes the process successfully, the Response object will be passed as the 2nd argument.

The sample code below shows how to use the setPropertyValue() method. The home air conditioner is turned off by this code.

// Start to discover Echonet Lite devices
el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
  // Determine the type of the found device
  var device = res['device'];
  var address = device['address'];
  var eoj = device['eoj'][0];
  var group_code = eoj[0]; // Class group code
  var class_code = eoj[1]; // Class code
  if(group_code === 0x01 && class_code === 0x30) {
    // This means that the found device belongs to the home air conditioner class
    console.log('- IP address: ' + address);
    console.log('- EOJ: ' + JSON.stringify(eoj));
    // Stop to discovery process
    el.stopDiscovery();
    // Create an EDT object
    var edt = { 'status': true };
    // Turn off the home air conditioner
    el.setPropertyValue(address, eoj, 0x80, edt, (err, res) => {
      var esv = res['message']['esv'];
      if(esv === 'Set_Res') {
        console.log('- Result: Success');
      } else {
        console.log('- Result: Failed');
      }
      el.close();
    });
  }
});

You can specify a Buffer object as the part of EDT as follows:

// Create a Buffer object for the EDT
var edt = new Buffer([0x31]);
// Turn off the home air conditioner
el.setPropertyValue(address, eoj, 0x80, edt, (err, res) => {
  // If succeeded, the air conditioner should be turned off.
});

In order to determine the request was accepted by the targeted device, you have to check the value of the ESV in the response packet. You can get the value of the ESV from esv property in the Message object in the Response object passed to the callback function (i.e. res['message']['esv']). Note that the Error object passed to the callback function mainly represents an network error. It does not represents the fact that the targeted device didn't accept the request. Even if the targeted device denied the request, the Error object is null as long as the targeted device responded.

The sample code above will print the result as follows:

- IP address: 192.168.10.15
- EOJ: [1,48,1]
- Result: Success

send(address, eoj, esv, prop[, callback])

This method sends an arbitrary ECHONET Lite packet to the specified device. It is most primitive method in this module. The getPropertyValue() and the setPropertyValue() method can tread only one EPC. But the ECHONET Lite specification allows us to treat multiple EPCs simultaneously in one ECHONET Lite packet. Using this method, you can send a request packet including multiple EPCs.

This method takes five arguments. the 1st argument addresss is the IP address of the targeted device. This argument is required. The IP address can be get from the discovery process.

The 2nd argument eoj is the EOJ of the targeted device. This argument is required. It must be passed as an Array object. The Array object can be get from the discovery process.

The 3rd argument esv is the ESV symbol. Note that the value of esv argument is not a ESV code. It must be specified as a symbol, such as "Get", "SetC", etc. "Get" is used to get a property value from the targeted device. "SetC" is used to set a property to the targeted device.

The 4th argument prop is an Array object consisting of hash objects containing an EPC and an EDT object. This argument is required. If you want to send EDTs to the targeted device, you have to create EDT objects by yourself.

[{'epc': 0x80, 'edt': {'status': false}}]

You can set the value of edt property as an Buffer object as follows. Though you have to know the byte sequences specified in the ECHONET Lite specification, you can send an arbitrary EDT.

[{'epc': 0x80, 'edt': new Buffer([0x31])}]

If you just want to get the values from the targeted devices, the EDT object must be null.

[{'epc': 0xBA, 'edt': null}, {'epc': 0xBB, 'edt': null}]

The 5th argument callback is a callback function called when this method completes the process. This argument is optional. Two arguments will be passed to the callback. The 1st argument is an Error object. If no error occurred, it will be null. If this method completes the process successfully, the Response object will be passed as the 2nd argument.

The sample code below shows how to use the send() method. In this code, three properties are requested to the targeted device simultaneously in one request.

// Start to discover Echonet Lite devices
el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
  // Determine the type of the found device
  var device = res['device'];
  var address = device['address'];
  var eoj = device['eoj'][0];
  var group_code = eoj[0]; // Class group code
  var class_code = eoj[1]; // Class code
  // This means that the found device belongs to the home air conditioner class
  if(group_code === 0x01 && class_code === 0x30) {
    // Stop to discovery process
    el.stopDiscovery();
    // Get the property values
    var esv = 'Get';
    var prop = [
      {'epc': 0xBA, 'edt': null}, // Room Humidity
      {'epc': 0xBB, 'edt': null}, // Room Temperature
      {'epc': 0xBE, 'edt': null}  // Outdoor Temperature
    ];
    el.send(address, eoj, esv, prop, (err, res) => {
      res['message']['prop'].forEach((p) => {
        var epc = p['epc'];
        var edt = p['edt'];
        if(epc === 0xBA) {
          console.log('- Room Humidity      : ' + edt['humidity'] + ' %');
        } else if(epc === 0xBB) {
          console.log('- Room Temperature   : ' + edt['temperature'] + ' Celsius');
        } else if(epc === 0xBE) {
          console.log('- Outdoor Temperature: ' + edt['temperature'] + ' Celsius');
        }
      });
      el.close();
    });
  }
});

The sample code above will print the result as follows:

- Room Humidity      : 60 %
- Room Temperature   : 26 Celsius
- Outdoor Temperature: 28 Celsius

close([callback])

This method closes the opening network port and restores the EchonetLite object to the state immediately after it was newly created. If your task has been completed, it is encouraged to call this method. If you don't call this method, your script will never terminates because the network port is still active.

Once this method is called, the EchonetLite object does not work anymore as it is. If you want to reuse the object, you have to call the init() method again.

The process of this method is asynchronous. If you want to do something sequentially after the process of this method completes, you can pass a callback function to this method as the 1st argument.

el.close(() => {
  // do something
});

Events

Whenever an ECHONET Lite packet comes or is sent, several events are fired on the EchonetLite object. You can listen to events using on() method on the EchonetLite object. The event listeners must be set after the initialization process by the init() method has been completed.

notify event

The notify event will be fired whenever any ECHONET Lite packets except the responses for getPropertyValue(), setPropertyValue(), getPropertyMaps(), and send() methods was received.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({'lang': 'ja', 'type': 'lan'});
 
el.init((err) => {
  if(err) {
    console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
  } else {
     el.on('notify', (res) => {
       console.log('[NOTIFY] From: ' + res['device']['address'] + ' --------------------------');
       console.log(JSON.stringify(res['message'], null, '  '));
       console.log('');
     });
  }
});

When a notification packet is received, the code above will show the result as follows:

[NOTIFY] From: 192.168.11.17 --------------------------
{
  "tid": 50,
  "seoj": [
    1,
    48,
    1
  ],
  "deoj": [
    14,
    240,
    1
  ],
  "esv": "INF",
  "prop": [
    {
      "epc": 128,
      "edt": {
        "status": false
      },
      "buffer": {
        "type": "Buffer",
        "data": [
          49
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}

An Response object is passed to the callback function as the 1st argument.

data event

The data event will be fired whenever any ECHONET Lite packet was received.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({'lang': 'ja', 'type': 'lan'});
 
el.init((err) => {
  if(err) {
    console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
  } else {
    el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
      el.stopDiscovery();
      if(err) {
        console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
        process.exit();
      } else {
        getPropertyMaps(res['device']);
      }
    });
    el.on('data', (res) => {
      console.log('[RECEIVE] ---------------------------------------');
      console.log(JSON.stringify(res['message'], null, '  '));
      console.log('');
    });
  }
});

An Response object is passed to the callback function as the 1st argument.

sent event

The sent event will be fired whenever any ECHONET Lite packet was sent.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({'lang': 'ja', 'type': 'lan'});
 
el.init((err) => {
  if(err) {
    console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
  } else {
    el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
      el.stopDiscovery();
      if(err) {
        console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
        process.exit();
      } else {
        getPropertyMaps(res['device']);
      }
    });
    el.on('sent', (res) => {
      console.log('[SENT] ---------------------------------------');
      console.log(JSON.stringify(res['message'], null, '  '));
      console.log('');
    });
  }
});

An Response object is passed to the callback function as the 1st argument.

data-serial event

The data-serial event will be fired whenever any data was received from the Wi-SUN USB dongle. This event is mainly used for debugging.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({
  'lang'   : 'ja',
  'type'   : 'wisunb',
  'adapter': 'bp35a1',
  'path'   : 'COM8',
  'id'     : '0123456789ABCDEF0123456789ABCDEF',
  'pass'   : 'ABCDEFGHIJKL',
  'baud'   : 115200
});
 
el.init((err) => {
  if(err) {
    console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
    process.exit();
  } else {
    el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
      el.stopDiscovery();
      if(err) {
        console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
        process.exit();
      } else {
        // Do something
      }
    });
    el.on('data-serial', (res) => {
      console.log(res['data']);
    });
    el.on('sent-serial', (res) => {
      console.log('> ' + res['data']);
    });
  }
});

An Response object is passed to the callback function as the 1st argument. Besides, an extra property is added to the object. The message came from the Wi-SUN USB dongle is set to the data property in Response object. Though text data and binary data are mixed in a message between this module and the Wi-SUN USB dongle, the part of binary is converted to hexadecimal representation.

The sample code prints the results as follows:

> SKSENDTO 1 FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 0E1A 2 000E 1081001A05FF0102880162019E00

EVENT 21 FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 00
OK

ERXUDP FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0001 0E1A 0E1A 001C64000334809F 1 0012 1081001A02880105FF0172019E040381E5ED

> SKSENDTO 1 FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 0E1A 2 000E 1081001B05FF0102880162019F00

EVENT 21 FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 00
OK

sent-serial event

The send-serial event will be fired whenever any data was sent to the Wi-SUN USB dongle. This event is mainly used for debugging.

See the previous section for details.


Objects

Response object

The Response object represents an ECHONET Lite packet coming from an ECHONET Lite device. It is passed to the callback function for the getPropertyMaps() method, the getPropertyValue() method, the setPropertyValue() method as the 2nd argument. Besides, it is passed to the callback function for an event handler as the 1st argument.

This object consists of the properties as follows:

Property Type Description
device Device See the section "Device object".
message Message See the section "Message object".
buffer Buffer This Buffer object represents a whole extent of the ECHONET Lite packet.
hex Array This array represents a whole extent of the telegram. Each element in the array is an hexadecimal representation of each byte.
formatted String This is a formatted text representing the analysis result of the ECHONET Lite packet. See the section "Monitoring ECHONET Lite packets" for details.
lang String The language of the formatted text provided by the formatted property. This value is either en (English) or ja (Japanese).
structure Array This array is used for debugging. You probably don't need this array. If you need to investigate ECHONET Lite packets, the formatted property would be more useful. If you are interested in this array, you can see the structure using console.dir().

Device object

The Device object represents the device relevant to the ECHONET Lite packet. If the packet is received one, this object represents the source device of the packet. If the packet is transmitted one, this object represents the destination device of the packet.

This object consists of the properties as follows:

Property Type Description
address String IP address of the device.
eoj Array A list of EOJ supported by the device. This property is available only in the discovery process.

Message object

The Message object represents the summary of the ECHONET Lite packet. This object is the most useful in the Response object for you.

This object consists of the properties as follows:

Property Type Description
tid Number The Transaction ID in the ECHONET Lite packet.
seoj Array The SEOJ in the ECHONET Lite packet. The array consists of three numbers: Class Group code, Class code, and Instance code.
deoj Array The DEOJ in the ECHONET Lite packet. The array consists of three numbers: Class Group code, Class code, and Instance code.
esv String The ESV in the ECHONET Lite packet. This value is a symbol. Note that this value is not a ESV code.
prop Array A list of the Prop object.
data Object This object includes information which this module converted the value of prop object for you so that you can handle the packet easily. This property exists only in the Response objects derived from the getPropertyMaps() method and getPropertyValue() method. See the descriptions for the methods for details.

Prop object

The Prop object represents a set of the EPC and the EDT in the ECHONET Lite packet.

This object consists of the properties as follows:

Property Type Description
epc Number The EPC.
edt EDT The EDT
buffer Buffer The Buffer object representing the EDT.

If the EPC is supported by this module, the EDT in the ECHONET Lite packet is parsed so that you can treat it easily, then the EDT object is set as the value of the edt property. If the EPC is unknown to this module, the value of the edt property is null. In both cases, the Prop object has the buffer property, the value is a Buffer object representing the part of EDT in the ECHONET Lite packet. You can parse it by yourself even if the EPC is unknown to this module. See the section "How to handle unknown EPCs" for details.

EDT object

The EDT object represents the answer for your query from the targeted device. Though this object is just a hash object, the structure depends on the EPC which you requested.

The EDT object has several properties dedicated for the EPC. For example, if the EPC is 0xBA for the home air conditioner class (Class Group code: 0x01, Class code: 0x03), it means "Measured value of room relative humidity", then the structure of the EDT object will be as follows:

{ 'humidity': 55 }

If the EPC is 0xE7 for the low-voltage smart electric energy meter class (Class Group code: 0x02, Class code: 0x88), it means "Measured instantaneous electric energy", then the structure of the EDT object will be as follows:

{ 'energy': 794 }

See the section "Supported EPCs" for details.


Supported EPCs

This module supports the Classes specified in the ECHONET Lite specification as follows:

You can find the detailed information about each EDT object in the document related to the class above.


Monitoring ECHONET Lite packets

In order to debug you scripts, You would monitor ECHONET packets in detail. The node-echonet-lite module provides you with formatted text as a result of packet analysis.

As described above, the formatted property is implemented in the Response. Using the value of the formatted property and the event listening mechanism, you can monitor results of packet analysis in real time.

The sample code below shows how to code a ECHONET packet analyzer. The data event and the sent event fired on the EchonetLite object are listened, then the formatted text derived from the Response object is output.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({'lang': 'en', 'type': 'lan'});
 
el.init((err) => {
  if(err) {
    console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
    process.exit();
  } else {
    el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
      el.stopDiscovery();
      if(err) {
        console.log('[ERROR] '+ err.toString());
        process.exit();
      } else {
        // Do something
      }
    });
    el.on('data', (res) => {
      console.log(createLine('='));
      console.log('[RECV] from ' + res['device']['address']);
      console.log(createLine('-'));
      console.log(res['formatted']);
      console.log('');
    });
    el.on('sent', (res) => {
      console.log(createLine('='));
      console.log('[SENT] to ' + res['device']['address']);
      console.log(createLine('-'));
      console.log(res['formatted']);
      console.log('');
    });
  }
});
 
function createLine(char) {
  var len = process.stdout.columns - 1;
  var line = '';
  for(var i=0; i<len; i++) {
    line += char;
  }
  return line;
}

The sample code above will output the result like this if the language is set to en (default):

==================================================================================================
[SENT] to 224.0.23.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- EHD1      |ECHONET Lite message header 1   |10   |Conventional ECHONET Lite Specification
- EHD2      |ECHONET Lite message header 2   |81   |Format 1 (specified message format)
- TID       |Transaction ID                  |00 01|1
- SEOJ      |Source ECHONET Lite object spe..|05 ..|05 FF 01
  - SEOJX1  |Source class group code         |05   |Management/control-related device class group
  - SEOJX2  |Source class code               |FF   |Controller class
  - SEOJX3  |Source instance code            |01   |1
- DEOJ      |Destination ECHONET Lite objec..|0E ..|0E F0 00
  - DEOJX1  |Destination class group code    |0E   |Profile class group
  - DEOJX2  |Destination class code          |F0   |Node profile class
  - DEOJX3  |Destination instance code       |00   |0
- DEOJX3    |Destination instance code       |00   |0
- ESV       |ECHONET Lite service            |62   |Property value read request (Get)
- OPC       |Number of processing properties |01   |1
- EPC0      |ECHONET Lite Property           |D6   |Self-node instance list S
- PDC0      |Property data counter           |00   |00

==================================================================================================
[RECV] from 192.168.10.11
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- EHD1      |ECHONET Lite message header 1   |10   |Conventional ECHONET Lite Specification
- EHD2      |ECHONET Lite message header 2   |81   |Format 1 (specified message format)
- TID       |Transaction ID                  |00 01|1
- SEOJ      |Source ECHONET Lite object spe..|05 ..|05 FF 01
  - SEOJX1  |Source class group code         |05   |Management/control-related device class group
  - SEOJX2  |Source class code               |FF   |Controller class
  - SEOJX3  |Source instance code            |01   |1
- DEOJ      |Destination ECHONET Lite objec..|0E ..|0E F0 00
  - DEOJX1  |Destination class group code    |0E   |Profile class group
  - DEOJX2  |Destination class code          |F0   |Node profile class
  - DEOJX3  |Destination instance code       |00   |0
- DEOJX3    |Destination instance code       |00   |0
- ESV       |ECHONET Lite service            |62   |Property value read request (Get)
- OPC       |Number of processing properties |01   |1
- EPC0      |ECHONET Lite Property           |D6   |Self-node instance list S
- PDC0      |Property data counter           |00   |00

==================================================================================================
[RECV] from 192.168.10.15
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- EHD1      |ECHONET Lite message header 1   |10   |Conventional ECHONET Lite Specification
- EHD2      |ECHONET Lite message header 2   |81   |Format 1 (specified message format)
- TID       |Transaction ID                  |00 01|1
- SEOJ      |Source ECHONET Lite object spe..|0E ..|0E F0 01
  - SEOJX1  |Source class group code         |0E   |Profile class group
  - SEOJX2  |Source class code               |F0   |Node profile class
  - SEOJX3  |Source instance code            |01   |1
- DEOJ      |Destination ECHONET Lite objec..|05 ..|05 FF 01
  - DEOJX1  |Destination class group code    |05   |Management/control-related device class group
  - DEOJX2  |Destination class code          |FF   |Controller class
  - DEOJX3  |Destination instance code       |01   |1
- DEOJX3    |Destination instance code       |01   |1
- ESV       |ECHONET Lite service            |72   |Property value read response (Get_Res)
- OPC       |Number of processing properties |01   |1
- EPC0      |ECHONET Lite Property           |D6   |Self-node instance list S
- PDC0      |Property data counter           |04   |04
- EDT0      |Property value data             |01 ..|01 01 30 01
  - NUM     |Total number of instances       |01   |1
  - EOJ     |ECHONET Lite object specificat..|01 ..|01 30 01
    - EOJX1 |Class group code                |01   |Air conditioner-related device class group
    - EOJX2 |Class code                      |30   |Home air conditioner class
    - EOJX3 |Instance code                   |01   |1

The sample code above will output the result like this if the language is set to ja:

==================================================================================================
[SENT] to 224.0.23.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- EHD1      |ECHONET Lite電文ヘッダー1       |10   |ECHONET Lite規格
- EHD2      |ECHONET Lite電文ヘッダー2       |81   |形式 1(規定電文形式)
- TID       |トランザクションID              |00 01|1
- SEOJ      |送信元ECHONET Liteオブジェクト..|05 ..|05 FF 01
  - SEOJX1  |送信元クラスグループコード      |05   |管理・操作関連機器クラスグループ
  - SEOJX2  |送信元クラスコード              |FF   |コントローラ
  - SEOJX3  |送信元インスタンスコード        |01   |1
- DEOJ      |相手先ECHONET Liteオブジェクト..|0E ..|0E F0 00
  - DEOJX1  |相手先クラスグループコード      |0E   |プロファイルクラスグループ
  - DEOJX2  |相手先クラスコード              |F0   |ノードプロファイル
  - DEOJX3  |相手先インスタンスコード        |00   |0
- DEOJX3    |相手先インスタンスコード        |00   |0
- ESV       |ECHONET Liteサービス            |62   |プロパティ値読み出し要求(Get)
- OPC       |処理プロパティ数                |01   |1
- EPC0      |ECHONET Liteプロパティ          |D6   |自ノードインスタンスリスト S
- PDC0      |EDTのバイト数                   |00   |00

==================================================================================================
[RECV] from 192.168.10.11
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- EHD1      |ECHONET Lite電文ヘッダー1       |10   |ECHONET Lite規格
- EHD2      |ECHONET Lite電文ヘッダー2       |81   |形式 1(規定電文形式)
- TID       |トランザクションID              |00 01|1
- SEOJ      |送信元ECHONET Liteオブジェクト..|05 ..|05 FF 01
  - SEOJX1  |送信元クラスグループコード      |05   |管理・操作関連機器クラスグループ
  - SEOJX2  |送信元クラスコード              |FF   |コントローラ
  - SEOJX3  |送信元インスタンスコード        |01   |1
- DEOJ      |相手先ECHONET Liteオブジェクト..|0E ..|0E F0 00
  - DEOJX1  |相手先クラスグループコード      |0E   |プロファイルクラスグループ
  - DEOJX2  |相手先クラスコード              |F0   |ノードプロファイル
  - DEOJX3  |相手先インスタンスコード        |00   |0
- DEOJX3    |相手先インスタンスコード        |00   |0
- ESV       |ECHONET Liteサービス            |62   |プロパティ値読み出し要求(Get)
- OPC       |処理プロパティ数                |01   |1
- EPC0      |ECHONET Liteプロパティ          |D6   |自ノードインスタンスリスト S
- PDC0      |EDTのバイト数                   |00   |00

==================================================================================================
[RECV] from 192.168.10.15
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- EHD1      |ECHONET Lite電文ヘッダー1       |10   |ECHONET Lite規格
- EHD2      |ECHONET Lite電文ヘッダー2       |81   |形式 1(規定電文形式)
- TID       |トランザクションID              |00 01|1
- SEOJ      |送信元ECHONET Liteオブジェクト..|0E ..|0E F0 01
  - SEOJX1  |送信元クラスグループコード      |0E   |プロファイルクラスグループ
  - SEOJX2  |送信元クラスコード              |F0   |ノードプロファイル
  - SEOJX3  |送信元インスタンスコード        |01   |1
- DEOJ      |相手先ECHONET Liteオブジェクト..|05 ..|05 FF 01
  - DEOJX1  |相手先クラスグループコード      |05   |管理・操作関連機器クラスグループ
  - DEOJX2  |相手先クラスコード              |FF   |コントローラ
  - DEOJX3  |相手先インスタンスコード        |01   |1
- DEOJX3    |相手先インスタンスコード        |01   |1
- ESV       |ECHONET Liteサービス            |72   |プロパティ値読み出し応答(Get_Res)
- OPC       |処理プロパティ数                |01   |1
- EPC0      |ECHONET Liteプロパティ          |D6   |自ノードインスタンスリスト S
- PDC0      |EDTのバイト数                   |04   |04
- EDT0      |プロパティ値データ              |01 ..|01 01 30 01
  - NUM     |インスタンス総数                |01   |1
  - EOJ     |ECHONET Liteオブジェクト指定    |01 ..|01 30 01
    - EOJX1 |クラスグループコード            |01   |空調関連機器クラスグループ
    - EOJX2 |クラスコード                    |30   |家庭用エアコン
    - EOJX3 |インスタンスコード              |01   |1

How to handle unknown EPCs

Even if the EPC you want to treat is not supported by the node-echonet-lite module, you can get the Buffer object representing the relevant EDT. Once you get the Buffer object, you can parse it by yourself according to the APPENDIX of the ECHONET Lite specification.

The sample code shows how to parse an Unknown EDT. In this code, the EDT for EPC 0xB0 of the home air conditioner class (Operation mode setting) is parsed. However it is actually supported by this module, so you don't need to parse it by yourself. Note that this sample code is just for explanation.

var EchonetLite = require('node-echonet-lite');
var el = new EchonetLite({'type': 'lan'});
 
// Initialize the EchonetLite object
el.init((err) => {
  // Start to discover Echonet Lite devices
  el.startDiscovery((err, res) => {
    // Determine the type of the found device
    var device = res['device'];
    var address = device['address'];
    var eoj = device['eoj'][0];
    var group_code = eoj[0]; // Class group code
    var class_code = eoj[1]; // Class code
    // This means that the found device belongs to the home air conditioner class
    if(group_code === 0x01 && class_code === 0x30) {
      // Stop to discovery process
      el.stopDiscovery();
      // Get the property value (Operation mode setting)
      el.getPropertyValue(address, eoj, 0xB0, (err, res) => {
        var prop_list = res['message']['prop'];
        for(var i=0; i<prop_list.length; i++) {
          var prop = prop_list[i]; // The Prop object
          if(prop['epc'] === 0xB0) {
            // Parse the EDT for EPC 0xB0
            var mode = parseTempEdt(prop['buffer']);
            console.log(mode);
            break;
          }
        }
        process.exit();
      });
    }
  });
});
 
// Parse the EDT for EPC 0xB0 (Operation mode setting).
// You can find the specification for the EDT for EPC 0xB0
// in the APPENDIX of the ECHONET Lite specification P3-76
// (PDF page number: 96).
function parseTempEdt(buf) {
  // The data size of the EDT is 1 byte and the type is signed char.
  var v = buf.readUInt8(buf);
  // The meaning of each value is described in the spec.
  var mode = '';
  if(v === 0x41) {
    return 'Automatic';
  } else if(v === 0x42) {
    return 'Cooling';
  } else if(v === 0x43) {
    return 'Heating';
  } else if(v === 0x44) {
    return 'Dehumidification';
  } else if(v === 0x45) {
    return 'Air circulator';
  } else {
    return 'Unknown';
  }
}

Release Note

  • v0.4.0 (2018-06-27)

    • Added the name property in the response of EPC 0E-F0-83 (Super Class Group, Device Object Super Class, Identification number), which mean the manufacturer name.
  • v0.3.0 (2018-06-24)

  • v0.2.3 (2018-06-21)

    • Rewrote the deprecated old-fashioned codes related to the Buffer to the new style. Now no warning message will be shown on the shell using node v10.
  • v0.2.2 (2018-04-25)

    • Improved the device discovery. In this version, all available network interfaces are joined to a multicast group, so that all ECHONET Lite devices in the local network are sure to be discovered.
    • Implemented the parameter netif for specifying a network interface in the EchonetLite constructor.
  • v0.2.1 (2018-04-01)

    • Improved the device discovery. The previous version could not discover some ECHONET Lite devices if the startDiscovery() method was called more than once.
  • v0.2.0 (2017-12-15)

  • v0.1.0 (2017-07-17)

    • The Wi-SUN USB dongle "ROHM BP35C2" (English / Japanese) is now supported.
    • Fixed a bug of the active scan in the Wi-SUN mode.
    • Fixed a bug of the packet parser for the Wi-SUN USB dongle "RL7023 Stick-D/DSS".
    • Fixed a bug of the setTimeout() handling in the Wi-SUN mode.

License

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2016 - 2018 Futomi Hatano

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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0.4.0

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