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    node-common-logger
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    0.3.1 • Public • Published

    node-common-logger

    A node library provides flexible logging ways and simple facade. User could use whatever implementations they like with the uniform api.

    Installation

    npm i node-common-logger

    Basic usage

    import logger from 'node-common-logger';
    
    // do anything.
    logger.info('Log every thing you like.');
    // finish the rest job.

    or

    const {logger} = require('node-common-logger');
    
    // do anything.
    logger.info('Log every thing you like.');
    // finish the rest job.

    LogStrategy

    By default, logger only log content to the console, which may not be so useful. As a facade library, more general use case is implementing and setting up your own LogStrategy. This is actually an easy job.

    First, implementing a specific LogStrategy. Let's take winston as an example (in fact you can use whatever log util you like).

    // WinstonLogStrategy.ts
    
    import {LogStrategy} from "node-common-logger";
    
    export default class WinstonLogStrategy implements LogStrategy {
      // write the implementation here.
    }

    Then, new an object of WinstonLogStrategy and set it to logger at the very beginning of your app.

    // index.js
    
    import WinstonLogStrategy from './WinstonLogStrategy';
    import logger from 'node-common-logger';
    
    // At the very beginning.
    logger.logStrategy = new WinstonLogStrategy();
    
    // Continue your job.

    MessageDecoration

    Besides the business content being logged, sometimes we may want to decorate the content with some extra information, such as timestamp or log level and so on, We introduce interface MessageDecoration to solve this problem. The Logger could contain 0 or N MessageDecoration, and the decorations will be applied to every messages being logged. Each decoration has a priority property, indicates the order of the decorations being called. The smaller value means the higher priority, and higher priority means the earlier being called.

    Consider four MessageDecoration A, B, C and D, which contains the priority -1, 0, 0 and 1 individually. Let's add these decorations to the logger as the following order:

    logger.addMessageDecoration(D); // D.priority === 1
    logger.addMessageDecoration(C); // C.priority === 0
    logger.addMessageDecoration(B); // B.priority === 0
    logger.addMessageDecoration(A); // A.priority === -1

    The order of the decorations being called would be:

    A.decorate(logger, logLeve, msg);
    C.decorate(logger, logLeve, msg);
    B.decorate(logger, logLeve, msg);
    D.decorate(logger, logLeve, msg);
    Private MessageDecoration

    Each derived logger manages its own MessageDecoration list. That is, adding a new decoration to the logger returned from logger.tag() will NOT affect the origin logger. When a new logger derived from the origin logger, all the private decorations of the origin logger will be copied to the derived one. The decorations of different derived loggers are managed separately. In the other word, changing the private decorations of one logger (even the main logger) will NOT affect the other existed logger, and vice versa. By default, a MessageDecoration for decorating the message with the tag and tagSeparator will be added as the first decoration with priority 0. We strongly recommend that DON'T call logger.clearMessageDecorations() at the main (origin) logger. Instead, always build a derived logger (by calling logger.tag('', ''), for example) and then do whatever you like.

    Several methods in logger are related to the management of the private MessageDecorations:

    logger.addMessageDecoration(messageDecoration: MessageDecoration): Logger
    Add decoration to logger.

    logger.getMessageDecorations(): MessageDecoration[]
    Get a shallow copy of the decoration list of the logger. Remember that modify the returned array will NOT affect the logger's decoration list.

    logger.clearMessageDecorations(): Logger
    Clear the decorations of the logger.

    Global MessageDecoration

    All derived loggers share a global MessageDecoration list. Changing any global decoration on any logger will affect all the other loggers' behaviour. When logging messages, private decorations and global decorations will be merged and ordered by their priorities. When a private decoration and a global decoration share the same priority number, the private one has the higher priority.

    Several methods in logger are related to the management of the global MessageDecorations:

    logger.addGlobalMessageDecoration(messageDecoration: MessageDecoration): Logger
    Add global decoration to all loggers.

    logger.getGlobalMessageDecorations(): MessageDecoration[]
    Get a shallow copy of the decoration list of the logger. Remember that modify the returned array will NOT affect the global decoration list.

    logger.clearGlobalMessageDecorations(): Logger
    Clear the global decorations of the logger.

    MessageDecoration available outbox

    Some MessageDecorations are predefined and available outbox:

    LogLevelMessageDecoration
    Prepend log level (DEBUG, INFO, ERROR, etc.) to the beginning of the message.

    By default, an anonymous decoration with priority 0 is added to the logger as the first decoration to handle the tag and tag separator set on the logger.

    Advance usage

    Logger as the main component of this library, besides implements the LogStrategy, it also contains several additional methods. All these methods provide special features by logging with the returned Logger, which usually is a derived object. derived object here means a new object which prototype is the wrapped Logger. The logger returned from these methods could be keep for further usage. The changing of the LogStrategy of the main logger (the one deriving all the other loggers) will affect all the derived loggers unless the derived one has set its own LogStrategy.

    Here is the brief introduction of the methods:

    logger.tag(tagName, tagSeparator)

    Prepends the given tag before every content logged, separate by the separator.

    logger.tag('My tag', ' - ').info('Log something here');
    // Log 'My tag - Log something here.'
    logger.addArgument(val, placeholder)

    Replace the first placeholder in the logging content with the given value.

    logger.addArgument('apple', '{}').addArgument('banana', '{}').info('I want to eat {}, not {}.');
    // Log 'I want to eat apple, not banana.'

    Methods deriving new logger

    Here's the methods which will derive a new logger from the current logger when being called.
    logger.category(name: string, useCache: boolean = true): Logger
    logger.tag(tag: string, separator: string = ' - '): Logger
    logger.addArgument(val: string, placeholder: string = '{}'): Logger

    Change logs

    0.3.1

    Introduce global MessageDecoration to logger, which will be applied to all derived loggers.

    0.3.0

    Logger can contain more than one MessageDecoration, and all the decorations will be applied according to their priorities.
    The tag and tag separator of the logger is handled by a MessageDecoration added to the logger at the very first beginning now.

    BREAKING CHANGES:
    Method MessageDecoration#beforeDecorate(logger: Logger, msg: string) is removed.
    Method MessageDecoration#decorate(logger: Logger, msg: string): string is changed to MessageDecoration#decorate(logger: Logger, logLevel: LogLevel, msg: string): string and no longer being optional.

    0.2.1

    Add log level to the start of the message when using DefaultLogStrategy.

    0.2.x and above

    Loggers returned from all methods of Logger are the derived ones which could be kept for further usage. These loggers share the same main logger as the prototype object. Change the LogStrategy of the main logger could also apply to all the other Loggers if it hasn't set its own LogStrategy. At the previous version, the Loggers returned should be considered as short term object and shouldn't be kept.

    0.1.x

    The first version.

    Keywords

    Install

    npm i node-common-logger

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    4

    Version

    0.3.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    30.7 kB

    Total Files

    18

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • reginaldlee