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mopidy

1.0.0 • Public • Published

Mopidy.js

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Mopidy.js is a JavaScript library for controlling a Mopidy music server.

The library makes Mopidy's core API available from browsers and Node.js programs, using JSON-RPC over a WebSocket to communicate with Mopidy.

This library is the foundation of most Mopidy web clients.

Table of contents

Compatibility

Mopidy.js should work with Mopidy >= 0.19.0.

Installation

Mopidy.js is a tiny library, building upon the standardized WebSocket and Promise APIs, weighing in at around 12 kB minified.

From npm

You can install Mopidy.js from npm using Yarn:

yarn add mopidy

Or using npm:

npm install mopidy

Prebuilt bundle

A minified versions of Mopidy.js, complete with sourcemaps, is available from the project's GitHub release page.

Building from source

Install Node.js and Yarn.

Enter the source directory, and install all dependencies:

yarn

That's it.

You can now run the tests and linters:

yarn test

To build updated JavaScript files for browser use in dist/, run:

yarn build

Usage

Importing

After installing, you can import Mopidy.js into your code using require():

const Mopidy = require("mopidy");

Or using ES6 imports:

import Mopidy from "mopidy";

Creating an instance

Once you have Mopidy.js loaded, you need to create an instance of the wrapper:

const mopidy = new Mopidy();

When you instantiate Mopidy() without arguments, it will connect to the WebSocket at /mopidy/ws/ on the current host. Thus, if you don't host your web client using Mopidy's built-in web server, or if you use Mopidy.js from a Node.js app, you'll need to pass the URL to the WebSocket end point:

const mopidy = new Mopidy({
  webSocketUrl: "ws://localhost:6680/mopidy/ws/",
});

It is also possible to create an instance first and connect to the WebSocket later:

const mopidy = new Mopidy({ autoConnect: false });
// ... do other stuff, like hooking up events ...
mopidy.connect();

Settings

When creating an instance, you can specify the following settings:

autoConnect

Whether or not to connect to the WebSocket on instance creation. Defaults to true.

backoffDelayMin

The minimum number of milliseconds to wait after a connection error before we try to reconnect. For every failed attempt, the backoff delay is doubled until it reaches backoffDelayMax. Defaults to 1000.

backoffDelayMax

The maximum number of milliseconds to wait after a connection error before we try to reconnect. Defaults to 64000.

console

If set, this object will be used to log errors from Mopidy.js. This is mostly useful for testing Mopidy.js. Defaults to console.

webSocket

An existing WebSocket object to be used instead of creating a new WebSocket. Defaults to undefined.

webSocketUrl

URL used when creating new WebSocket objects.

In a browser environment, it defaults to ws://${document.location.host}/mopidy/ws. If the current page is served over HTTPS, it defaults to using wss:// instead of ws://.

In a non-browser environment, where document.location isn't available, it defaults to ws://localhost/mopidy/ws.

Hooking up to events

Once you have a Mopidy.js object, you can hook up to the events it emits. To explore your possibilities, it can be useful to subscribe to all events and log them:

mopidy.on("state", console.log);
mopidy.on("event", console.log);

Mopidy.js uses Node.js' events API, so you should refer to its documentation to see how you can hook up your listeners to the different events.

Several types of events are emitted:

Client state

You can get notified about when the Mopidy.js client is connected to the server and ready for method calls, when it's offline, and when it's trying to reconnect to the server by looking at the events state:online, state:offline, reconnectionPending, and reconnecting.

The client state events are also emitted under the aggregate event named state.

Mopidy events

You can get events sent from the Mopidy server by looking at the events with the name prefix event:, like event:trackPlaybackStarted.

The events from Mopidy are also emitted under the aggregate event named event.

WebSocket events

You can introspect what happens internally on the WebSocket by looking at the events named websocket:open, websocket:error, websocket:close, websocket:incomingMessage, and websocket:outgoingMessage.

Of course, you can also do this using the web developer tools in any modern browser.

Calling core API methods

Once your Mopidy.js object has connected to the Mopidy server and emits the state:online event, it is ready to accept core API method calls:

mopidy.on("state:online", () => {
  mopidy.playback.next();
});

Any calls you make before the state:online event is emitted will fail with a Mopidy.ConnectionError error.

All methods in Mopidy's core API is available via Mopidy.js. For example, the mopidy.core.PlaybackController.get_state() Python method is available in JSON-RPC as core.playback.get_state and in Mopidy.js as mopidy.playback.getState().

Both the WebSocket API and the JavaScript API are based on introspection of the core Python API. Thus, they will always be up to date and immediately reflect any changes we do to the core API.

API discovery

The best way to explore the JavaScript API, is probably by opening your browser's console, and using its tab completion to navigate the API. You'll find the Mopidy core API exposed under:

  • mopidy.playback
  • mopidy.tracklist
  • mopidy.library
  • mopidy.playlists
  • mopidy.history
  • mopidy.mixer

All methods in the JavaScript API have an associated data structure describing the Python params it expects, and most methods also have the Python API documentation available. This is available right there in the browser console, by looking at the method's description and params attributes:

console.log(mopidy.playback.next.params);
console.log(mopidy.playback.next.description);

Arguments

JSON-RPC 2.0 limits method parameters to be sent either by-position or by-name. Combinations of both, like we're used to from Python, isn't supported by JSON-RPC 2.0.

To call a method with by-position arguments, wrap the arguments in a list:

mopidy.library.search(["abba", null, true]);

As you can see, this quickly becomes confusing as we don't know what null and true is without referring to documentation or Python source code.

Thus, it is usually better to call methods with by-name arguments, by passing an object to the method:

mopidy.library.search({ query: "abba", exact: true });

Promises

Obviously, you'll want to get a return value from many of your method calls. Since everything is happening across the WebSocket and maybe even across the network, you'll get the results asynchronously. Instead of having to pass callbacks and errbacks to every method you call, the methods return ES6 Promise objects, which you can use to pipe the future result as input to another method, or to hook up callback and errback functions.

const track = mopidy.playback.getCurrentTrack();
// => `track` isn't an object with track data, but a Promise

Typical usage of a Promise can look like this:

function showPlaying() {
  const printCurrentTrack = track => {
    if (track) {
      console.log(
        "Currently playing:",
        track.name,
        "by",
        track.artists[0].name,
        "from",
        track.album.name
      );
    } else {
      console.log("No current track");
    }
  };
 
  const failureHandler = () => {
    console.warn("Something went wrong");
  };
 
  mopidy.playback.getCurrentTrack().then(printCurrentTrack, failureHandler);
}

The first function passed to .then(), printCurrentTrack, is the callback that will be called if the method call succeeds. If anything goes wrong, the second function passed to .then(), failureHandler will be called.

async/await

With the foundation of Promise, you can simplify the code flow using the async and await keywords introduced to JavaScript in ES2017.

The following is the same example written using async and await:

async function showPlaying() {
  try {
    const track = await mopidy.playback.getCurrentTrack();
    if (track) {
      console.log(
        "Currently playing:",
        track.name,
        "by",
        track.artists[0].name,
        "from",
        track.album.name
      );
    } else {
      console.log("No current track");
    }
  } catch (e) {
    console.warn("Something went wrong", e);
  }
}

Cleaning up

If you for some reason want to clean up after Mopidy.js before the web page is closed or navigated away from, you can close the WebSocket, unsubscribe all event listeners, and delete the object like this:

// Close the WebSocket without reconnecting. Letting the object be garbage
// collected will have the same effect, so this isn't strictly necessary.
mopidy.close();
 
// Unsubscribe all event listeners. If you don't do this, you may have
// lingering references to the object causing the garbage collector to not
// clean up after it.
mopidy.off();
 
// Delete your reference to the object, so it can be garbage collected.
mopidy = null;

Demos

Web application

Web demo

In the examples/ directory of the Git repo, you can find a small demo web application using Mopidy.js. The left half of the screen shows what's currently playing and provides some basic playback controls. The right half of the screen shows the JSON-RPC messages and events that are sent back and forth to the server, hopefully giving some insight into what is available to Mopidy.js developers.

To run the demo application yourself:

  1. Make sure the http/allowed_origins config value in your mopidy.conf includes localhost:1234.

  2. Run Mopidy on your local machine, so that Mopidy's web interface becomes available at http://localhost:6680/.

  3. Clone Mopidy.js from GitHub.

  4. Run yarn to install dependencies.

  5. Run yarn start to run the demo application at http://localhost:1234/.

This setup uses hot module reloading, so any changes you do to the demo application files, examples/web.{html,js}, will instantly be visible in your browser. Thus, this can serve as a nice playing ground to get to know the capabilities of Mopidy and Mopidy.js.

Console application

In the examples/ directory of the Git repo, you can find mpc.js, a partial clone of the mpc utility built using Mopidy.js on Node.

Output from the original command:

$ mpc
Jon Hopkins - C O S M
[playing] #6/12   2:33/7:08 (35%)
volume:100%   repeat: off   random: on    single: off   consume: off

Output from the mpc.js example:

$ ./examples/mpc.js
Jon Hopkins - C O S M
[playing] #6/-   2:34/7:08 (36%)
volume:100%   repeat: off   random: on    single: off   consume: off

To run this example yourself, follow step 1-4 for the demo web application, and then run ./examples/mpc.js.

Changelog

See CHANGELOG.md.

install

npm i mopidy

Downloadsweekly downloads

299

version

1.0.0

license

Apache-2.0

repository

Gitgithub

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