0.7.3 • Public • Published

mongoose-friends-plugin Build Status

2-way friendship relationship plugin for Mongoose ODM (initially forked from numbers1311407/mongoose-friends)


npm i -S mongoose-friends-plugin

Description and usage

Easily add "friendships" to your Mongoose user Model through a simple plugin. The friendships are stored in a sub-document array on the model doc without the need for a separate collection.

At first, make sure your mongoose is using promise

mongoose.Promise = global.Promise;

Then include the plugin in the schema definition:

const friendsPlugin = require('mongoose-friends-plugin');
const schema = new mongoose.Schema({ ... });

// optionally specify a name for the path (default is "friends")
schema.plugin(friendsPlugin({ pathName: 'myCustomPath' }));

const User = mongoose.model('User', schema);

Initiate a friend request via the requestFriend method:

User.requestFriend(user1._id, user2._id)
  .then(() => console.log('Request sent'));

The two users now share a friendship, with different statuses: "requested" and "pending", respectively.

  .then((friendships) => {
    console.log(friendships); // [{ status: 'requested', added: <Date added>, friend: user2 }]

  .then((friendships) => {
    console.log(friendships); // [{ status: 'pending', added: <Date added>, friend: user1 }]

To accept, just reciprocate the request:

User.requestFriend(user2._id, user1._id)
  .then(() => console.log('Request accepted'));

The two users are now friends:

  .then((friendships) => {
    console.log(friendships); // [{ status: 'accepted', added: <Date added>, friend: user2 }]

  .then((friendships) => {
    console.log(friendships); // [{ status: 'accepted', added: <Date added>, friend: user1 }]

To remove a friendship at any point in the process, just:

User.removeFriend(user1, user2)
  .then(() => console.log('Friendship removed'));
// or vice-versa
User.removeFriend(user2, user1)
  .then(() => console.log('Friendship removed'));

All the static methods have instance variants:

user.getFriends(options).then((friends) => console.log(friends));
user.requestFriend(otheruser).then(() => ...);
user.removeFriend(badfriend).then(() => ...);

Retrieving friends

getFriends is the interface to retrieve friends for a user. It sits on top of the normal Mongoose find API and has similar signature with 3 exceptions: the first argument is a model (or the id of a model) that you're querying for, conditions, select and options are properties of an object and there is no callback (use promise instead). This means you can pass along field selects, sorts limits, etc.

// the signature
User.getFriends(user, { conditions, select, options })
  .then((friends) => ...);

For example to find only friends whose names start with "Bo" you could:

User.getFriends(user, {name: /^Bo/});

To select only the name field you might:

User.getFriends(user, {}, {name: 1});

Or to sort by user name you might:

User.getFriends(user, {}, null, { sort: { name: 1 } });

Friendships of different statuses can be queried in this manner:

// get the pending friendships for a user (given that the pathname
// for the friends array is left the default, "friends")
const Status = require('mongoose-friends-plugin').Status;
User.getFriends(user, { 'friends.status': Status.Pending });

... but for convenience purposes they can also be retrieved through provided convenience methods:

// with instance method versions provided for each

The callback return value of getFriends is an array of friends, wrapped with the friendship metadata for the given user, like:

  // One of pending|accepted|requested where:
  // pending: received, but not yet accepted
  // requested: sent, but not yet accepted by other party
  // accepted: accepted by both parties
  status: 'accepted',

  // The date the friendship request was first *created* (NOT accepted)
  added: <the date added>,

  // The remote friend doc, fields filtered by any passed field select,
  // sorted by any passed sort, etc.
  friend: <the friend doc>


The bare-metal nature of how .getFriends sits atop of Model.find might encourage one to simply circumvent it entirely and use Model.find directly.

This is of course acceptable, but a few things should be noted. When querying for friends with a given status with .getFriends, the status is actually reversed in the query. This makes sense when considering how friendships are stored and queried. If you're looking for the "requested" friendships of user A, you're actually looking for all "pending" friendships that other users have with user A.

.getFriends makes this transparent, and furthermore, it does not even return the friends data of the docs it queries. Rather it queries on the friends data, then maps the metadata of the friendships for the user in question on the results. This means that the friends field is actually unselected by default and not returned. Essentially the process is:

  1. Find friends of user, not including their friendships
  2. Retrieve the user, including their friendships
  3. Map the user's friendship metadata for each found friend onto the result


By default, the plugin will add a multikey index on the friends array. If you do not want this behavior for whatever reason, just pass index: false to the plugin options, like:

schema.plugin(friends({ index: false }));


npm i mongoose-friends-plugin

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