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    Mongoose Fuzzy Searching

    mongoose-fuzzy-searching is simple and lightweight plugin that enables fuzzy searching in documents in MongoDB. This code is based on this article.

    Build Status codecov License: MIT FOSSA Status

    Features

    Installation

    Install using npm

    npm i mongoose-fuzzy-searching
    

    Usage

    Simple usage

    In the below example, we have a User collection and we want to make fuzzy searching in firstName and lastName.

    const mongoose_fuzzy_searching = require('mongoose-fuzzy-searching');
     
    const UserSchema = new Schema({
      firstName: String,
      lastName: String,
      email: String,
      age: Number,
    });
     
    UserSchema.plugin(mongoose_fuzzy_searching, { fields: ['firstName', 'lastName'] });
     
    const User = mongoose.model('User', UserSchema);
     
    const user = new User({ firstName: 'Joe', lastName: 'Doe', email: 'joe.doe@mail.com', age: 30 });
     
    try {
      await user.save(); // mongodb: { ..., firstName_fuzzy: [String], lastName_fuzzy: [String] }
      const users = await User.fuzzySearch('jo');
     
      console.log(users);
      // each user object will not contain the fuzzy keys:
      // Eg.
      // {
      //   "firstName": "Joe",
      //   "lastName": "Doe",
      //   "email": "joe.doe@mail.com",
      //   "age": 30,
      //   "confidenceScore": 34.3 ($text meta score)
      // }
    } catch (e) {
      console.error(e);
    }

    The results are sorted by the confidenceScore key. You can override this option.

    try {
      const users = await User.fuzzySearch('jo').sort({ age: -1 }).exec();
      console.log(users);
    } catch (e) {
      console.error(e);
    }

    Plugin Options

    Options can contain two attributes, fields and middlewares.

    Fields

    Fields attribute is mandatory and should be either an array of Strings or an array of Objects.

    const mongoose_fuzzy_searching = require('mongoose-fuzzy-searching');
     
    const UserSchema = new Schema({
      firstName: String,
      lastName: String,
      email: String,
    });
     
    UserSchema.plugin(mongoose_fuzzy_searching, { fields: ['firstName', 'lastName'] });
    // or
    UserSchema.plugin(mongoose_fuzzy_searching, {
      fields: [
        {
          name: 'firstName',
        },
        {
          name: 'lastName',
        },
      ],
    });
    Object keys

    The below table contains the expected keys for an object

    key type default description
    name String null Collection key name
    minSize Integer 2 N-grams min size. Learn more about N-grams
    weight Integer 1 Denotes the significance of the field relative to the other indexed fields in terms of the text search score. Learn more about index weights
    prefixOnly Boolean false Only return ngrams from start of word. (It gives more precise results)
    escapeSpecialCharacters Boolean true Remove special characters from N-grams.
    keys Array[String] null If the type of the collection attribute is Object or [Object] (see example), you can define which attributes will be used for fuzzy searching

    |

    Example:

    const mongoose_fuzzy_searching = require('mongoose-fuzzy-searching');
     
    const UserSchema = new Schema({
      firstName: String,
      lastName: String,
      email: String,
      content: {
          en: String,
          de: String,
          it: String
      }
      text: [
        {
          title: String,
          description: String,
          language: String,
        },
      ],
    });
     
    UserSchema.plugin(mongoose_fuzzy_searching, {
      fields: [
        {
          name: 'firstName',
          minSize: 2,
          weight: 5,
        },
        {
          name: 'lastName',
          minSize: 3,
          prefixOnly: true,
        },
        {
          name: 'email',
          escapeSpecialCharacters: false,
        },
        {
          name: 'content',
          keys: ['en', 'de', 'it'],
        },
        {
          name: 'text',
          keys: ['title', 'language'],
        },
      ],
    });

    Middlewares

    Middlewares is an optional Object that can contain custom pre middlewares. This plugin is using some middlewares in order to create or update the fuzzy elements. That means that if you add pre middlewares, they will never get called since the plugin overrides them. To avoid that problem you can pass your custom midlewares into the plugin. Your middlewares will be called first. The middlewares you can pass are:

    • preSave
      • stands for schema.pre("save", ...)
    • preInsertMany
      • stands for schema.pre("insertMany", ...)
    • preUpdate
      • stands for schema.pre("update", ...)
    • preUpdateOne
      • stands for schema.pre("updateOne", ...)
    • preFindOneAndUpdate
      • stands for schema.pre("findOneAndUpdate", ...)
    • preUpdateMany
      • stands for schema.pre("updateMany", ...)

    If you want to add any other middleware othen than the above ones, you can add it directly on the schema.

    const mongoose_fuzzy_searching = require('mongoose-fuzzy-searching');
     
    const UserSchema = new Schema({
      firstName: String,
      lastName: String,
    });
     
    UserSchema.plugin(mongoose_fuzzy_searching, {
      fields: ['firstName'],
      middlewares: {
        preSave: function() {
          // login here
        },
        preUpdateOne: async function {
          // can also pass promises
        }
      }
    });

    fuzzySearch parameters

    fuzzySearch method can accept up to three parameters. The first one is the query, which can either be either a String or an Object. This parameter is required. The second parameter can either be eiter an Object with other queries, for example age: { $gt: 18 }, or a callback function. If the second parameter is the options, then the third parameter is the callback function. If you don't set a callback function, the results will be returned inside a Promise.

    The below table contains the expected keys for the first parameter (if is an object)

    key type deafult description
    query String null String to search
    minSize Integer 2 N-grams min size.
    prefixOnly Boolean false Only return ngrams from start of word. (It gives more precise results) the prefix
    exact Boolean false Matches on a phrase, as opposed to individual terms

    |

    Example:

    /* Without options and callback */
    Model.fuzzySearch('jo').then(console.log).catch(console.error);
    // or
    Model.fuzzySearch({ query: 'jo' }).then(console.log).catch(console.error);
    // with prefixOnly and minSize
    Model.fuzzySearch({ query: 'jo', prefixOnly: true, minSize: 4 })
      .then(console.log)
      .catch(console.error);
     
    /* With options and without callback */
    Model.fuzzySearch('jo', { age: { $gt: 18 } })
      .then(console.log)
      .catch(console.error);
     
    /* With callback */
    Model.fuzzySearch('jo', (err, doc) => {
      if (err) {
        console.error(err);
      } else {
        console.log(doc);
      }
    });
     
    /* With options and callback */
    Model.fuzzySearch('jo', { age: { $gt: 18 } }, (err, doc) => {
      if (err) {
        console.error(err);
      } else {
        console.log(doc);
      }
    });

    Work with pre-existing data

    The plugin creates indexes for the selected fields. In the below example the new indexes will be firstName_fuzzy and lastName_fuzzy. Also, each document will have the fields firstName_fuzzy[String] and lastName_fuzzy[String]. These arrays will contain the anagrams for the selected fields.

    const mongoose_fuzzy_searching = require('mongoose-fuzzy-searching');
     
    const UserSchema = new Schema({
      firstName: String,
      lastName: String,
      email: String,
      age: Number,
    });
     
    UserSchema.plugin(mongoose_fuzzy_searching, { fields: ['firstName', 'lastName'] });

    In other words, thit plugin creates anagrams when you create or update a document. All the pre-existing documents won't contain these fuzzy arrays, so fuzzySearch function, will not be able to find them.

    Update all pre-existing documents with ngrams

    In order to create anagrams for pre-existing documents, you should update each document. The below example, updates the firstName attribute to every document on the collection User.

    const updateFuzzy = async (Model, attrs) => {
      for await (const doc of Model.find()) {
        const obj = attrs.reduce((acc, attr) => ({ ...acc, [attr]: doc[attr] }), {});
        await Model.findByIdAndUpdate(doc._id, obj);
      }
    };
     
    // usage
    await updateFuzzy(User, ['firstName']);

    Delete old ngrams from all documents

    In the previous example, we set firstName and lastName as the fuzzy attributes. If you remove the firstName from the fuzzy fields, the firstName_fuzzy array will not be removed by the collection. If you want to remove the array on each document you have to unset that value.

    const removeUnsedFuzzyElements = (Model, attrs) => {
        for await (const doc of Model.find()) {
          const $unset = attrs.reduce((acc, attr) => ({...acc, [`${attr}_fuzzy`]: 1}), {})
          await Model.findByIdAndUpdate(data._id, { $unset }, { new: true, strict: false });
      }
    }
     
    // usage
    await removeUnsedFuzzyElements(User, ['firstName']);

    Testing and code coverage

    All tests

    We use Jest for all of our unit and integration tests.

    $ npm test

    Note: this will run all suites serially to avoid mutliple concurrent connection on the db.

    This will run the tests using a memory database. If you wish for any reason to run the tests using an actual connection on a mongo instance, add the environment variable MONGO_DB:

    $ MONGO_DB=true npm test

    Available test suites

    unit tests

    $ npm run test:unit

    Integration tests

    $ npm run test:integration

    License

    MIT License

    Copyright (c) 2019 Vassilis Pallas

    Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

    The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

    THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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