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modbus-serial

7.7.3 • Public • Published

modbus-serial

A pure JavaScript implemetation of MODBUS-RTU (Serial and TCP) for NodeJS.

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Modbus is a serial communications protocol, first used in 1979. Modbus is simple and robust, openly published, royalty-free and easy to deploy and maintain.

This package makes Modbus calls and serve fun and easy.



Install

npm install modbus-serial

try these options on npm install to build, if you have problems to install

--unsafe-perm --build-from-source

What can I do with this module ?

This class makes it fun and easy to communicate with electronic devices such as irrigation controllers, protocol droids and robots. It talks with devices that use a serial line (e.g. RS485, RS232). Many industrial electronic devices implement modbus. Arduino can also talk modbus and you can control your projects and robots using modbus.

Arduino libraries for modbus slave:

Arduino sketch for irrigation timer with modbus support:

Node Modbus-WebSocket bridge:

Compatibility

Version of NodeJS:

This module has not been tested on every single version of NodeJS. For best results you should stick to LTS versions, which are denoted by even major version numbers e.g. 4.x, 6.x, 8.x.

These classes are implemented:
  • FC1 "Read Coil Status"
  • FC2 "Read Input Status"
  • FC3 "Read Holding Registers"
  • FC4 "Read Input Registers"
  • FC5 "Force Single Coil"
  • FC6 "Preset Single Register"
  • FC15 "Force Multiple Coil"
  • FC16 "Preset Multiple Registers"
  • FC43/14 "Read Device Identification" (server only)
Client Serial:
  • modbus-RTU (SerialPort): Over serial line [require node serialport].
  • modbus-RTU (RTUBufferedPort): Over buffered serial line [require node serialport].
  • modbus-ASCII (AsciiPort): Over serial line [require node serialport].
Client TCP:
  • modbus-TCP (TcpPort): Over TCP/IP line.
  • modbus-RTU (UdpPort): Over C701 server, commercial UDP to serial bridge.
  • modbus-RTU (TcpRTUBufferedPort): Over TCP/IP line, TCP/IP serial RTU buffered device.
  • modbus-RTU (TelnetPort): Over Telnet server, TCP/IP serial bridge.
Server
  • modbus-TCP (ServerTCP): Over TCP/IP line.

Examples

Read and Write
// create an empty modbus client
var ModbusRTU = require("modbus-serial");
var client = new ModbusRTU();
 
// open connection to a serial port
client.connectRTUBuffered("/dev/ttyUSB0", { baudRate: 9600 }, write);
 
function write() {
    client.setID(1);
 
    // write the values 0, 0xffff to registers starting at address 5
    // on device number 1.
    client.writeRegisters(5, [0 , 0xffff])
        .then(read);
}
 
function read() {
    // read the 2 registers starting at address 5
    // on device number 1.
    client.readHoldingRegisters(5, 2)
        .then(console.log);
}

Read on multiple slaves
const ModbusRTU = require("modbus-serial");
// create an empty modbus client
const client = new ModbusRTU();
// open connection to a serial port
client.connectRTUBuffered("/dev/ttyS0", { baudRate: 9600 });
// set timeout, if slave did not reply back
client.setTimeout(500);
 
// list of meter's id
const metersIdList = [10, 11, 12, 13, 14];
 
const getMetersValue = async (meters) => {
    try{
        // get value of all meters
        for(let meter of meters) {
            // output value to console
            console.log(await getMeterValue(meter));
            // wait 100ms before get another device
            await sleep(100);
    }
    } catch(e){
        // if error, handle them here (it should not)
        console.log(e)
    } finally {
        // after get all data from salve repeate it again
        setImmediate(() => {
            getMetersValue(metersIdList);
        })
    }
}
 
const getMeterValue = async (id) => {
    try {
        // set ID of slave
        await client.setID(id);
        // read the 1 registers starting at address 0 (first register)
        let val =  await client.readInputRegisters(0, 1);
        // return the value
        return val.data[0];
    } catch(e){
        // if error return -1
        return -1
    }
}
 
const sleep = (ms) => new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, ms));
 
 
// start get value
getMetersValue(metersIdList);
 

Logger Serial
// create an empty modbus client
var ModbusRTU = require("modbus-serial");
var client = new ModbusRTU();
 
// open connection to a serial port
client.connectRTUBuffered("/dev/ttyUSB0", { baudRate: 9600 });
client.setID(1);
 
// read the values of 10 registers starting at address 0
// on device number 1. and log the values to the console.
setInterval(function() {
    client.readHoldingRegisters(0, 10, function(err, data) {
        console.log(data.data);
    });
}, 1000);

Logger TCP
// create an empty modbus client
var ModbusRTU = require("modbus-serial");
var client = new ModbusRTU();
 
// open connection to a tcp line
client.connectTCP("127.0.0.1", { port: 8502 });
client.setID(1);
 
// read the values of 10 registers starting at address 0
// on device number 1. and log the values to the console.
setInterval(function() {
    client.readHoldingRegisters(0, 10, function(err, data) {
        console.log(data.data);
    });
}, 1000);

ModbusTCP Server
// create an empty modbus client
var ModbusRTU = require("modbus-serial");
var vector = {
    getInputRegister: function(addr, unitID) {
        // Synchronous handling
        return addr;
    },
    getHoldingRegister: function(addr, unitID, callback) {
        // Asynchronous handling (with callback)
        setTimeout(function() {
            // callback = function(err, value)
            callback(null, addr + 8000);
        }, 10);
    },
    getCoil: function(addr, unitID) {
        // Asynchronous handling (with Promises, async/await supported)
        return new Promise(function(resolve) {
            setTimeout(function() {
                resolve((addr % 2) === 0);
            }, 10);
        });
    },
    setRegister: function(addr, value, unitID) {
        // Asynchronous handling supported also here
        console.log("set register", addr, value, unitID);
        return;
    },
    setCoil: function(addr, value, unitID) {
        // Asynchronous handling supported also here
        console.log("set coil", addr, value, unitID);
        return;
    },
    readDeviceIdentification: function(addr) {
        return {
            0x00: "MyVendorName",
            0x01: "MyProductCode",
            0x02: "MyMajorMinorRevision",
            0x05: "MyModelName",
            0x97: "MyExtendedObject1",
            0xAB: "MyExtendedObject2"
        };
    }
};
 
// set the server to answer for modbus requests
console.log("ModbusTCP listening on modbus://0.0.0.0:8502");
var serverTCP = new ModbusRTU.ServerTCP(vector, { host: "0.0.0.0", port: 8502, debug: true, unitID: 1 });
 
serverTCP.on("socketError", function(err){
    // Handle socket error if needed, can be ignored
    console.error(err);
});

to get more see Examples

Serial connection

node-modbus-serial use node-serialport for serial communication, for serial port options settings it passes to serial port the openOptions object, default serial port settings are 9600,8,n,1.

client.connectRTUBuffered("/dev/ttyUSB0", { baudRate: 9600, parity: 'even' });

Install

npm i modbus-serial

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

2,574

Version

7.7.3

License

ISC

Unpacked Size

260 kB

Total Files

57

Last publish

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