0.0.1 • Public • Published


Toolkit for building shining CLI programs in Node.js.

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  • Forced & clean organization of program code
  • Command name generation based on folder structure
  • CLI tool to quickly create program skeleton and commands
  • Auto-generated usage and help
  • Small codebase (269 sloc)
  • Program auto-updates itself when new version is available


npm install microbes --global

Getting Started

Creating basic structure

Execute the following command to generate basic skeleton for your program:

microbes new hello-world

Microbes will create a hello-world directory (if it does not exists or empty) and put everything that's needed to start developing your CLI tool immediately:


Here's how to initialize CLI program using Microbes:

var microbes = require('microbes');
var program = microbes(__dirname); // root path, where commands folder is

Creating commands

Next, to setup some commends, simply create folders and files. The structure you create, will be reflected in your program. For example, if you create such folders and files:

--  apps.js
--  apps/
    -- add.js
    -- remove.js
--  keys/
    -- dump.js

In result, Microbes, will generate these commands for you automatically:

$ hello-world apps
$ hello-world apps add
$ hello-world apps remove
$ hello-world keys dump

Each folder is treated like a namespace and each file like a command, where file name is command name.

To actually create handlers for those commands, in each file, Command should be defined:

var Command = require('microbes').Command;
var AppsAddCommand = module.exports = Command.extend({
    desc: 'This command adds application',
    run: function (name) {
        // create an app with name given in arguments

To run this command, execute:

$ hello-world apps add great-app

Whatever arguments passed to command after command name, will be passed to .run() method in the same order they were written.

Specifying options

You can specify options and their properties using options object.

var AppsDestroyCommand = module.exports = Command.extend({
    desc: 'This command removes application',
    options: {
        name: 'string',
        force: {
            type: 'boolean',
            alias: 'f'
    run: function (name, force) {
        if (!force) {
            throw new Error('--force option is required to remove application');
        // remove app

Note: Options will be passed to .run() method in the same order they were defined.

Customizing help

By default, Microbes generates help for each command and for whole program automatically. If you wish to customize the output, override .help() method in your command (program help can not be customized at the moment):

var HelloCommand = Command.extend({
    help: function () {
        return 'Usage: ' + this.programName + ' ' + this.name + ' [OPTIONS]';
    desc: 'Hello world'

Customizing command delimiter

By default, Microbes separates sub-commands with a space. If you want to change that delimiter, just specify this option when initializing Microbes:

var program = microbes();
    path: __dirname,
    delimiter: ':'

After that, apps create command will become apps:create.


There are often requirements to perform the same operations/checks for many commands. For example, user authentication. In order to avoid code repetition, Microbes implements middleware concept. Middleware is just a function, that accepts the same arguments as .run() function + callback function. Middleware functions can be asynchronous, it makes no difference for Microbes.

Let's take a look at this example:

var UsersAddCommand = Command.extend({
    use: ['auth', 'beforeRun'],
    run: function (name) {
        // actual users add command
    beforeRun: function (name, next) {
        // will execute before .run()
        // MUST call next() when done

In this example, we've got 2 middleware functions: auth and beforeRun. Microbes allows you to write middleware functions inside commands or inside root/middleware directory. So in this example, Microbes will detect that beforeRun function is defined inside a command and auth function will be required from root/middleware/auth.js file.

Note: To interrupt the whole program and stop execution, just throw an error.


To make your program auto-update itself, only 1 line of code needed. Go to your program's index file and replace program.run() with this:

program.autoupdate(function () {

From now on, your program will check for updates once a day and if new update is available, it will automatically install it. How cool is this?


npm test


Microbes is released under the MIT License.

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