memcached-mock

0.1.0 • Public • Published

memcached-mock

A mock implementation of memcached to use as a replacement in tests.

This is an in-memory implementation. It implements the documented, public API of the memcached module (and known aliases). The interface is the same, however, no network calls are made. Values are stored in memory and discarded when the process exits.

Getting Started

Installation

Install the module with npm:

npm install memcached-mock

Usage

Use memcached-mock the same as if it were memcached:

var Memcached = require('memcached-mock');
 
var memcached = new Memcached('localhost:11211');
 
memcached.set("hello", "world!", 60, function(err) {
  
  if (!err)
    memcached.get("hello", function(err, data) {
      console.log(data); // prints: world!
    });
 
});

If your code does not allow you to easily replace the instance of Memcached being used for testing, you may choose to use a tool like proxyquire. That would look something like the following.

lib/cache.js:

var Memcached = require('memcached');
 
// ...

test/unit/cache.js:

var proxyquire = require('proxyquire')
  , memcachedMock = require('memcached-mock')
;
 
module.exports.testSomething = function(done) {
  var cache = proxyquire('../../lib/cache', {memcached: memcachedMock});
  
  // continue with test...
}

Limitations

This module is intended to work as a drop-in replacement in simple use cases. It allows you to provide a known, deterministic state for your tests. It might also serve as a starting point for more complex interactions. Some simulations, however, may require extra work.

Methods for accessing server information (such as stats or settings), for example, are mostly stubs that always return the same data. If you'd like to return different data, you'll need to provide your own replacements for those. Similarly, the methods for getting and setting cache values are fully functional, but if you'd like to simulate something beyond a connection to a single cache cluster, at a minimum you'll need to set up your Memcached instances to use the appropriate cache object for their server connection settings. By default, server strings are not examined and all instances share the same cache store. See documentation on the cache() method for more details.

Asynchronous Callbacks

The work of making any cache updates is done synchronously. So, for example, take this code:

var memcached = new Memcached("127.0.0.1:11211");
 
memcached.set("foo", "bar", 0, function() { /* ... */ });
 
memcached.get("foo", function(err, data) {
  console.log("foo=%s", data); // prints: foo=bar
});

That will work because the cached has been updated by the time the call to the set method returns. Note, however, that callbacks are always invoked asynchronously. This is essential for testing the behavior your code will see from an actual connection to memcached. That means that this code will not work:

var memcached = new Memcached("127.0.0.1:11211");
 
memcached.flush(function() {
  memcached.set("bar", "foo", 0, function() { /* ... */ });
});
 
memcached.get("bar", function(err, data) {
  console.log("bar=%s", data); // bar has not been set yet!
});

You may choose to exploit this fact in your tests. You can, for example, safely flush a cache in your setup or teardown code without waiting for the callback to be invoked.

API

Constructor

new Memcached(serverLocations, options)

  • serverLocations: String, Array, or Object Simulated connections
  • options: Object Client options

Constructs a new mock Memcached instance. This simulates the interface of Memcached, but most settings do not have an effect. No connections are established with a server, and the value of serverLocations does not change the behavior of the mock. The only option that does have an effect is maxExpiration, which alters how TTL values are interpreted.

Public Instance Methods

memcached.add(key, value, ttl, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • value: Mixed Value to associate with the key
  • ttl: Number Expiration time for the key in seconds
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Add a new mapping if the key does not yet exist in the cache.

memcached.append(key, value, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • value: Mixed The value to append
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Append data to an existing key's value. The key must already exist in the cache.

memcached.cache()

This method is not part of the memcached interface. It provides direct access to the underlying in-memory cache. Values in the cache object are also objects with the following properties:

  • value - The stored value
  • expires - The time in milliseconds when this entry expires
  • cas - The CAS id of the entry

This can be used to directly alter or verify the contents of the cache. For example, if in a unit test you wanted to verify that the key "session-1" contained the object {userId: 2}, that verification code might look like:

var cache = memcached.cache();
 
assert.deepEqual(cache["session-1"].value, {userId: 2});

memcached.cache(cacheObject)

  • cacheObject: Object The cache object to use

This method is not part of the memcached interface. It allows individual mock instances of Memcached to be configured to use a specific cache object instead of the default global cache.

This allows you to write code like:

var memcachedA = new Memcached('192.168.0.1:11211');
var memcachedB = new Memcached('192.168.0.2:11211');
var memcachedC = new Memcached('192.168.0.2:11211');
 
var cache1 = {};
var cache2 = {};
 
memcachedA.cache(cache1); // set the cache object
memcachedB.cache(cache2);
memcachedC.cache(cache2);

This will set up memcachedA to use cache1, and memcachedB and memcachedC to use cache2, mimicking the behavior their server settings would normally have.

memcached.cachedump(server, slabid, limit, callback)

  • server: String Server to return the dump of
  • slabid: Number The slab id to dump
  • limit: Number The maximum number of results to return
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Provides a list of the keys in the cache. This mock method does return a listing of the actual keys, modeled as a single slab. All arguments besides callback are ignored.

memcached.cas(key, value, cas, ttl, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • value: Mixed Value to associate with the key
  • cas: String The CAS id to compare
  • ttl: Number Expiration time for the key in seconds
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Update a mapping, but only if the CAS id of key matches cas. The CAS id of a key changes every time the key is updated.

memcached.decr(key, amount, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • amount: Number Amount to decrement the value by
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Decrement a key's value by amount. This is only successful if the key already exists.

memcached.del(key, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Remove a key from the cache.

memcached.delete(key, callback)

Alias of del().

memcached.end()

Terminate the server connection. This method has no effect.

memcached.flush(callback)

  • callback: Function On completion callback

Flush all keys from the cache.

memcached.flushAll(callback)

Alias of flush().

memcached.get(key, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Retrieve the value associated with key. If key is an array, this will automatically perform a getMulti call instead.

memcached.gets(key, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Retrieve the value associated with key and its CAS id.

memcached.getMulti(keys, callback)

  • keys: Array Array of key names
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Retrieve the value associated with multiple keys in a single call.

memcached.incr(key, amount, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • amount: Number Amount to increment the value by
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Increment a key's value by amount. This is only successful if the key already exists.

memcached.items(callback)

  • callback: Function On completion callback

Obtain information about items stored in the server. This returns correct information about the number of items contained in the cache. All other information is stub data.

memcached.prepend(key, value, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • value: Mixed The value to prepend
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Prepend data to an existing key's value. The key must already exist in the cache.

memcached.replace(key, value, ttl, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • value: Mixed New value to associate with the key
  • ttl: Number Expiration time for the key in seconds
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Replace the existing value of key with value. This is only successful if key already exists in the cache.

memcached.set(key, value, ttl, callback)

  • key: String Name of the key
  • value: Mixed Value to associate with the key
  • ttl: Number Expiration time for the key in seconds
  • callback: Function On completion callback

Set the value associated with key in the cache. This works whether the key already exists in the cache or not.

memcached.settings(callback)

  • callback: Function On completion callback

Retrieve server settings. This returns stub data for each server given in the constructor.

memcached.slabs(callback)

  • callback: Function On completion callback

Retrieve server slab information. This returns stub data showing one slab for each server given in the constructor.

memcached.stats(callback)

  • callback: Function On completion callback

Retrieve server stats. This returns stub data for each server given in the constructor.

memcached.statsItems(callback)

Alias of items().

memcached.statsSettings(callback)

Alias of settings().

memcached.statsSlabs(callback)

Alias of slabs().

version(callback)

  • callback: Function On completion callback

Retrieve server version. This returns stub data for each server given in the constructor. The current version of the module reports itself as version 1.4.20.

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npm i memcached-mock

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Version

0.1.0

License

MIT

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