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js-to-ts-converter

0.16.3 • Public • Published

js-to-ts-converter

Small utility that I wrote to script converting a JS codebase to TypeScript, while trying to solve some of the common TypeScript errors that will be received upon such a conversion.

The utility performs the following transformations:

  1. Renames .js files to .ts
  2. Adds property declarations to ES6 classes so that they are compilable by the TypeScript compiler (see below).
  3. Any function calls that provide fewer arguments than the declared parameters in the function will cause the remaining parameters to be marked as optional for that function. This solves TS errors like "Expected 3 arguments, but got 2"

Note: because this utility utilizes the TypeScript Language Service to perform the look-ups for #3, it may take a long time to run. For a small project, expect a few minutes. For a larger project, it could take tens of minutes. Still much better than the days/weeks it could take to fix an entire codebase by hand :)

For #2 above, the utility basically looks at any this property accessed by a JS class, and fills in the appropriate TypeScript property declarations. Take this .js input source file as an example:

class Super {
    someMethod() {
        this.superProp = 1;
    }
}
 
class Sub extends Super {
    someMethod() {
        this.superProp = 2;
        this.subProp = 2;
    }
}

The above JS classes are replaced with the following TS classes:

class Super {
    public superProp: any;   // <-- added
 
    someMethod() {
        this.superProp = 1;
    }
}
 
 
class Sub extends Super {
    public subProp: any;    // <-- added
 
    someMethod() {
        this.superProp = 2;
        this.subProp = 2;
    }
}

Note: properties used when this is assigned to another variable are also found for purposes of creating property declarations. Example:

class MyClass {
    myMethod() {
        var that = this;
        
        that.something;  // <-- 'something' parsed as a class property
    }
}

For #3 above, parameters are marked as 'optional' when there are callers that don't provide all of them. For example, the following JavaScript:

function myFunction( arg1, arg2 ) {
    // ...
}
 
myFunction( 1 );  // only provide arg1

Will be transformed to the following TypeScript:

function myFunction( arg1, arg2? ) {  // <-- arg2 marked as optional
    // ...
}
 
myFunction( 1 );

Goal

The goal of this utility is to simply make the .js code compilable under the TypeScript compiler, so simply adding the property declarations typed as any was the quickest option there. The utility may look at property initializers in the future to determine a better type.

If you have other types of compiler errors that you think might be able to be transformed by this utility, please feel free to raise an issue (or pull request!)

Hopefully you only need to use this utility once, but if it saved you time, please star it so that I know it helped you out :)

Fair Warning

This utility makes modifications to the directory that you pass it. Make sure you are in a clean git (or other VCS) state before running it in case you need to revert!

Running the Utility from the CLI

npm install --global js-to-ts-converter

js-to-ts-converter path/to/js/files

Running the Utility from Node

TypeScript:

import { convertJsToTs, convertJsToTsSync } from 'js-to-ts-converter';


// Async
convertJsToTs( 'path/to/js/files' ).then( 
    () => console.log( 'Done!' ),
    ( err ) => console.log( 'Error: ', err );
); 


// Sync
convertJsToTsSync( 'path/to/js/files' );
console.log( 'Done!' );

JavaScript:

const { convertJsToTs, convertJsToTsSync } = require( 'js-to-ts-converter' );


// Async
convertJsToTs( 'path/to/js/files' ).then( 
    () => console.log( 'Done!' ),
    ( err ) => console.log( 'Error: ', err );
); 


// Sync
convertJsToTsSync( 'path/to/js/files' );
console.log( 'Done!' );

Developing

Make sure you have Node.js installed.

Clone the git repo:

git clone https://github.com/gregjacobs/js-to-ts-converter.git

cd js-to-ts-converter

Install dependencies:

npm install

Run Tests:

npm test

Install

npm i js-to-ts-converter

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

2,662

Version

0.16.3

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

287 kB

Total Files

71

Last publish

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