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    jest-console

    0.1.0 • Public • Published

    jest-console

    Mocking console the right way.

    Why

    It's rare to have console in your code, it's more often seen in libraries to provide helpful debugging warnings. When trying to mock console in tests, we often just spyOn the methods being used and observe the mock calls. This works great if your message is simple, but it can also have false-negative.

    console.error(
      'The error has a type named "%s", expected "%s".',
      'Oops',
      'Success'
    );

    This is a valid console.error call with string substitution, which will output the message The error has a type named "Oops", expected "Success".. Normally we would test it using something like toHaveBeenCalledWith

    expect(console.log).toHaveBeenCalledWith(
      'The error has a type named "%s", expected "%s".',
      'Oops',
      'Success'
    );

    But it's not representing the actual output of the message, we're just repeating what we wrote in the source code. If some typo sneaked into it, we won't be able to easily notice it because of the malfunctioned tests.

    Converting it to template literals could solve this issue, but sometimes the values are objects, which cannot be serialized to strings or would loose context when doing so. In some environments (like in browsers' console), they will even be represented as inspect-able and interactive-able results, which is not possible to achieve with strings.

    A better option would be to get the actual output of the logs and test it against the expected output.

    expect(actualLog).toBe(
      'The error has a type named "Oops", expected "Success".'
    );

    With jest-console, we can easily do that without extra hassles.

    import { getLog } from 'jest-console';
     
    expect(getLog().log).toBe(
      'The error has a type named "Oops", expected "Success".'
    );

    Installation

    yarn add -D jest-console

    Usage

    Just import it before calling console.log or the family.

    import 'jest-console';
     
    test('testing console.log', () => {
      // No logs will be output to the console
      console.log('Hello %s!', 'World');
    });

    If you want to get the current logs, import the getLog helper.

    import { getLog } from 'jest-console';
     
    test('testing console.log', () => {
      console.log('Hello %s!', 'World');
     
      // Note that in real world console.log will output a new line character in the end,
      // but in our case, we remove that since we don't really care about it.
      expect(getLog().log).toBe('Hello World!');
    });

    All the methods in console are available and automatically mocked.

    console.log('Hello %s!', 'World');
     
    expect(console.log).toHaveBeenCalledTimes(1);
    expect(console.log).toHaveBeenCalledWith('Hello %s!', 'World');
    expect(getLog().log).toBe('Hello World!');

    All the methods in console will also be automatically cleared and cleaned up after each tests.

    test('testing console.log 1', () => {
      console.log('Hello %s!', 'World');
     
      expect(console.log).toHaveBeenCalledTimes(1);
    });
     
    test('testing console.log 2', () => {
      console.log('Hello %s!', 'World');
     
      expect(console.log).toHaveBeenCalledTimes(1);
    });

    Every log have a corresponding logging level, you can access each level's log via getLog().levels, or access all of them in a list with getLog().logs.

    console.info('This is %s level', 'log');
    console.info('This is %s level', 'info');
    console.warn('This is %s level', 'warn');
    console.error('This is %s level', 'error');
     
    expect(getLog().levels).toEqual({
      log: 'This is log level',
      info: 'This is info level',
      warn: 'This is warn level',
      error: 'This is error level',
    });
     
    expect(getLog().logs).toEqual([
      ['log', 'This is log level'],
      ['info', 'This is info level'],
      ['warn', 'This is warn level'],
      ['error', 'This is error level'],
    ]);

    Since the logs are patched, in order to log or debug in the tests will not output as expected. You can import originalConsole to obtain the un-patched, un-mocked console.

    import { originalConsole } from 'jest-console';
     
    console.log('Oops, this will not show since console.log is mocked.');
    originalConsole.log(
      'However, this is the un-mocked console and will output the logs'
    );

    Usage without Jest

    It is possible to use jest-console without Jest, just that you have to manually mock the console yourself. We provide createConsole and mockConsole API for this.

    import { createConsole, mockConsole } from 'jest-console';
     
    // Create a jestConsole instance. It's possible to create multiple instances if needed
    const jestConsole = createConsole();
     
    // Mock the global.console with the jestConsole we just created
    // It returns a restore function, which will swap back to the original console
    const restore = mockConsole(jestConsole);
     
    console.log('Mocked console.log');
     
    // Calls restore function when it's done to restore it back to the original console
    restore();

    Custom matchers

    It's often recommended to use jest-console with Jest's toMatchInlineSnapshot matcher. It makes it really easy to test the console output with confidence.

    expect(getLog().log).toMatchInlineSnapshot();

    We also support custom toMatchInlineSnapshot matcher to test against mocked console[method] and console.

    expect(console).toMatchInlineSnapshot();
    // is essentially the same as
    // expect(getLog().log).toMatchInlineSnapshot();
     
    expect(console.log).toMatchInlineSnapshot();
    // is basically `expect(console.log).toHaveBeenCalledWith` for actual output,
    // it will only get the logs calling from `log` method.

    License

    MIT

    Keywords

    none

    Install

    npm i jest-console

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    399

    Version

    0.1.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    18.6 kB

    Total Files

    5

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • kevin940726