javascript-deob

1.0.1-beta • Public • Published

License: MIT

Javascript deobfuscator

Usage

First of all you need to install the package:

npm i javascript-deob

Then you import the deobfuscation function into your module which takes the obfuscated code as input:

import deobfuscate from "javascript-deob";
const code = `` // Insert the code here
const deobfuscatedCode = deobfuscate(code)
console.log(deobfuscatedCode)

Or if you want to use a file:

import deobfuscate from "javascript-deob";
import fs from "fs";

const path = ""; // Insert the file path
const code = fs.readFileSync(path, "utf-8");
const deobfuscatedCode = deobfuscate(code)
console.log(deobfuscatedCode)

Techniques

Remove dead code

It removes parts of the code that are deemed unecessary, such as variables or functions, an example:

function a() {} 
function b() {a();} 
function c() {a(); b();} 
console.log("a");

The result:

console.log("a");

a function is called by both b and c, b is called by c, but c is not called by anyone, so none of these functions are actually called.

Rename variables in the same scope

It aims to make the code more readable, an example:

let x = 0; 
{ 
    let x = 30;
    x += 1; 
}
x += 1;

The result:

let x = 0; 
{ 
    let _x = 30;
    _x += 1; 
}
x += 1;

Only the variabile x changes within the block statement to avoid any confusion with the global variable x.

Constant propagation

It propagates constant values across all occurrences, an example:

var a = 1;
console.log(a)

The result:

console.log(1)

After propagating the value, this technique removes the variable declaration. A counterexample:

var a = 1;
a += 1;
console.log(a)

Whenever there is an update or assignment expression, the variable is no longer considered constant, and, as a result, we cannot propagate the value.

Evaluation

It evaluates expressions that consist solely of constant values, an example:

console.log(1 + 1);
console.log("hello".replace("h","H"));
console.log(parseInt("1"));

The result:

console.log(2);
console.log("Hello";
console.log(1);

Replace single constant violations

It replaces all assignments that violate the constant property with variable declarations. As mentioned earlier, whenever there is at least one assignment, the variable can no longer be considered constant. Therefore, this technique allows for the creation of constant variable declarations. An example:

var a;
a = 1;

The result:

var a = 1;

Replace outermost iife

It extracts the body of the outermost IIFE and replaces it with this one, an example:

(function () { console.log(5);})();

Or

(() => { console.log(5);})();

The result is the same in both cases:

console.log(5);

But if there is a return statement inside the IIFE, it remains unchanged.

Defeating array mapping

It replaces member expressions that access array elements with their corresponding values. However, the value inside the array must be a node of the literal type. Here's an example.

var _0xa=["feel","log","free","to contribute"];
console[_0xa[1]](_0xa[0]);
console[_0xa[1]](_0xa[2]);
console[_0xa[1]](_0xa[3]);

The result:

console.log("feel");
console.log("free");
console.log("to contribute");

Defeating object mapping

It's similar to defeating array mapping, but it applies to objects, an example:

var obj = {"a": 1};
console.log(obj.a);

The result:

console.log(1);

Transform bracket into dot notation

It converts bracket notation into dot notation. Here's an example:

console.log("hello"["replace"]("h","H"));

The result:

console.log("hello".replace("h","H"));

Replace null values with undefined

It replaces null values with undefined for later evaluation, an example:

console.log(+([[[[[[]], , ,]]]] != 0));

The result:

console.log(+([[[[[[]],undefined,undefined,]]]] != 0));

The evaluation of the last piece of code is as follows:

console.log(1);

Evaluate conditional statements

It checks whether the test value of if or ternary operators is always true or false. In the first case it replaces the entire if statement with the true branch, and in the second case, it replaces it with the false branch. An example:

if (1 == 1) { console.log("1 == 1"); }

The result:

console.log("1 == 1");

Another example:

if (1 != 1) { console.log("1 == 1"); } else {}

The result:

Control flow unflattening

It reconstructs the regular flow of the code. In special cases it may need to incorporate assignments into variable declarations, such as in the case of a single constant violation, and then move them before loops. This enables the propagation of variables when they are declared with a literal type node.

Move declarations before loops

If you declare variables inside loops, they are not considered constant. In fact, this technique relocates declarations before loops. Here's an example:

var a = 1;
var b,c;
do {
switch(a) {
case 1: { a = 3; } break;
case 2: { c = a * b; } break;
case 3: { b = 10; a = 2; } break;
}
}while(c != 20);
console.log(c);

The result:

var c = a * b;
var b = 10;
do {
  switch (a) {
    case 1:
      {
        a = 3;
      }
      break;
    case 2:
      {}
      break;
    case 3:
      {
        a = 2;
      }
      break;
  }
} while (c != 20);
console.log(c);

Control flow unflattening

This technique checks whether the switch test variable identifier is associated with a variable declared using a literal type node. By identifying this value, you can determine which case is accessed first. Once the first one is determined, the test variable's identifier is searched to obtain the next value, allowing access to the next switch case and so on.

Remove empty statements

It removes empty elements, an example:

;;;console.log(1);;;

The result:

console.log(1);

To do

I would like to retrieve the results returned by functions, as follows:

function add(a, b) {
    return a + b;
}
console.log(add(1,1));

The expected result:

console.log(2);

Evaluate dynamic expressions:

var a = 1;
a += 1;
console.log(a);

The expected result:

console.log(2);

Evaluate a special case of Jsfuck notation like the following:

console.log(([]["flat"] +[])[1]);

The expected result:

console.log("u");

Feel free to contribute; I would greatly appreciate it. My goal is to create a deobfuscator that is as versatile as possible. In fact, when I learn to use the vm module, the part of the code responsible for control flow unflattening will need to be rewritten.

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Install

npm i javascript-deob

Weekly Downloads

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Version

1.0.1-beta

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

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Total Files

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Collaborators

  • lorenzoferre