instances-container
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2.0.6 • Public • Published

instances-container

NPM Continuous Integration Code Style

Simple instances or services container for JavaScript.

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Introduction

instances-container is a super simple, light, and zero dependencies of service locator for JavaScript. When your project using instances-containers, you can to easily:

  • Make a singleton instance under the hood.
  • Only create instances when needed a.k.a lazy load.
  • Easy to destroy to free up your memory.
  • Easy to use.

Installation

You can easily install using npm:

npm install instances-container

The Simplest Example

The simplest way to use an instance container looks like this:

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container');

// class to be register
class Engine {}
	
// create container also register the class
const container = createContainer({ Class: Engine });

// engine is an instance of Engine class
const engine = container.getInstance('Engine');
	
// it's a singleton under the hood
const engine2 = container.getInstance('Engine');
console.log(engine === engine2); // true

More Samples

Registering classes that have parameters

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container')

class Engine {}

class Car {
  constructor(engine, power) {
    this.engine = engine;
    this.power = power;
  }
}

// register multiple class while creating container
const container = createContainer([
  {
    Class: Engine,
  },
  // register Car class which need pass parameter
  {
    Class: Car,
    parameter: {
      dependencies: [
        {
          internal: 'Engine', // use internal instance
        },
        {
          concrete: 4, // use concrete value
        },
      ],
    },
  },
]); 

// getting Car instance
const car = container.getInstance('Car');

console.log(car instanceof Car); // true
console.log(car.engine instanceof Engine); // true
console.log(car.power); // 10

Registering class have a proxy parameter (destructuring)

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container')

class Engine {}

class Car {
  // proxy parameter
  constructor({ engine, power }) {
    this.engine = engine;
    this.power = power;
  }
}

// register multiple class while creating container
const container = createContainer([
  {
    Class: Engine,
  },
  // register Car class which need pass parameter
  {
    Class: Car,
    parameter: {
      injectType: 'destructuring', // set injectType to 'destructuring' to inject parameter with proxy technique
      dependencies: [
        {
          name: 'engine', // should set name property to dependency if using 'destructuring'
          internal: 'Engine', // use internal instance
        },
        {
          name: 'power',
          concrete: 4, // use concrete value
        },
      ],
    },
  },
]);

// getting Car instance
const car = container.getInstance('Car');

console.log(car instanceof Car); // true
console.log(car.engine instanceof Engine); // true
console.log(car.power); // 10

Registering class with custom key

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container')

class Engine {}

const container = createContainer({
  key: 'MyEngine', // key use for getting instance
  Class: Engine,
});

const myEngine = container.getInstance('MyEngine');

console.log(myEngine instanceof Engine); // true

Registering class lately

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container')

const container = createContainer();

class Engine {}

// Register class Engine lately
container.register({ Class: Engine });

const engine = container.getInstance('Engine');

console.log(engine instanceof Engine); // true

API Documentation

createServer(options)

Used to create an instance of Container. The options parameter is InstanceOption or InstanceOption[], which means you also can register a single or multiple class while creating a container.

Example: creating a container and registering a single class into it.

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container');

class Engine {}
const container = createContainer({ Class: Engine });

Example: creating container and registering multiple class into it.

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container');

class Engine {}
class Oil {}
const container = createContainer([ { Class: Engine }, { Class: Oil }]);

createContainer() will return instance of Container.

Container

The container returned from createContainer has some methods.

container.getInstance(key)

Get instance from the registered class using a key.

Example:

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container');

class Engine {}
class Oil {}

const container = createContainer([ { Class: Engine }, { Class: Oil }]);

// get Engine instance
const engine = container.getInstance('Engine');
// get Oil instance
const oil = container.getInstance('Oil');

container.register(options)

Register a single or multiple class to a subject container. The options is InstanceOption or InstanceOption[].

Example:

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container');


const container = createContainer();
class Engine {}

// register an Engine class after container creation
container.register({ Class: Engine });

container.destroyInstance(key)

Every registered class that has been accessed will create an instance in container.instances[key].INSTANCE. The container.destroyInstance(key) is used to delete the instance of the registered class to free up some memory.

Example:

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container');


class Engine {}
const container = createContainer({ Class: Engine });

container.getInstance('Engine');

console.log(container.instances.Engine.INSTANCE instanceof Engine); // true

container.destroyInstance('Engine');

console.log(container.instances.Engine.INSTANCE === undefined); // true

container.destroyAllInstances(key)

Used to delete all the instances of the registered class to free up some memory.

Example:

const { createContainer } = require('instances-container');


class Engine {}
class Oil {}
const container = createContainer([{ Class: Engine }, { Class: Oil }]);

container.getInstance('Engine');
container.getInstance('Oil');

console.log(container.instances.Engine.INSTANCE instanceof Engine); // true
console.log(container.instances.Oil.INSTANCE instanceof Oil); // true

container.destroyAllInstances()

console.log(container.instances.Engine.INSTANCE === undefined); // true
console.log(container.instances.Oil.INSTANCE === undefined); // true

InstanceOption

InstanceOption is an option passed to createContainer or container.register.

property Type Description
key string (optional) Key for getting or delete an instance from the container. Will use Class.name for default.
Class class or function The class or function constructor is to be registered to the container.
parameter ParameterOption (optional) The property is used to define the parameter options of the class to be registered. If not set, that means the class doesn't require any parameters.

ParameterOption

ParameterOption is the option required by InstanceOption to define parameter property.

property Type Description
injectType "parameter" or "destructuring" (optional) The type of technique used in assigning parameters to the Class. The default is "parameter", but you can change it to "destructuring".
Dependencies Dependencies[] Option to put a value that is a dependency (parameter) of the Class.

Dependency

Dependency is needed to define the dependency value used by ParameterOption.

property Type Description
name string (optional) Object dependency parameter name. Only define when you are using destructuring inject type.
concrete any (optional) Using a concrete value for dependency. It can be anything. Cannot be set together with internal property.
internal string (optional) Using internal value (from container) for dependency. The string is the key of class. Cannot be set together with concrete property.

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npm i instances-container

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Version

2.0.6

License

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