1.3.0 • Public • Published


    ask peers over an extension for which sequences in which feeds are relevant to custom query logic

    This approach is very useful for sparse data from a potentially large number of feeds. Instead of downloading everything for each feed, you can ask peers which feeds and sequences are relevant to particular queries. For example, if you have a chat application, you might ask peers about the latest 20 messages in a channel.


    This example builds a feed and a clone of that feed in memory. The feed is populated with a number between 0 and 99, inclusive every 50 milliseconds. The clone feed is opened in sparse mode and the clone tells the main feed through the query extension that it is only interested in numbers between 50 and 70, inclusive. The clone then downloads only those sequences that were mentioned in the query results.

    var Query = require('hypercore-query-extension')
    var { Readable, Transform } = require('readable-stream')
    var ram = require('random-access-memory')
    var hypercore = require('hypercore')
    var feed0 = hypercore(ram)
    setInterval(function () {
      var n = Math.floor(Math.random()*100)
    }, 50)
    feed0.ready(function () {
      var feed1 = hypercore(ram, feed0.key)
      var r0 = feed0.replicate(false, { download: false, live: true })
      var r1 = feed1.replicate(true, { sparse: true, live: true })
      var q0 = new Query({ api: api(feed0) })
      var q1 = new Query({ api: api(feed1) })
      r0.registerExtension('query-example', q0.extension())
      r1.registerExtension('query-example', q1.extension())
      var s = q1.query('subscribe', JSON.stringify({ start: 50, end: 70 }))
      s.pipe(new Transform({
        objectMode: true,
        transform: function (row, enc, next) {
          if (!row.key.equals(feed0.key)) return next()
          feed1.update(row.seq, function () {
            feed1.get(row.seq, function (err, buf) {
              if (err) return next(err)
              console.log('n=', Number(buf.toString()))
    function api (feed) {
      var subs = []
      feed.on('append', function () {
        var seq = feed.length
        feed.get(seq, function (err, buf) {
          var n = Number(buf.toString())
          subs.forEach(({ start, end, stream }) => {
            if (>= start && n <= end) {
              stream.push({ key: feed.key, seq })
      return { subscribe }
      function subscribe (args) {
        var { start, end } = JSON.parse(args.toString())
        var stream = new Readable({
          objectMode: true,
          read: function () {}
        subs.push({ start, end, stream })
        return stream


    var Query = require('hypercore-query-extension')

    var q = Query(opts)

    Create a new Query instance q from:

    • opts.api - object mapping query names to implementation functions.

    Each api function receives a Buffer of optional argument payload and must return a readable or duplex readableObjectMode stream that pushes object with a feed key (as a Buffer) and a sequence number.

    If the stream is duplex, you'll be able to receive messages on the channel from the other side of the query. You can use this to adjust query parameters on the fly, for example if you have a query for a map and the user pans the map, changing the bounding box. The updated bounding box can be sent back up the stream without having to open a new query.


    Return a function that can be passed to feed.registerExtension() or proto.registerExtension(). You'll almost always want to do:

    feed.registerExtension('your-extension-name', q.extension())
    // or:
    proto.registerExtension('your-extension-name', q.extension())

    var stream = q.query(name, data)

    Return a duplex objectMode stream with results from calling the api endpoint name with an optional data payload (as a Buffer).

    Each row from the readable side of the stream contains:

    • row.key - feed key (Buffer or hex string)
    • row.seq - feed sequence number

    If the query supports duplex mode, you can write messages to the remote api by calling stream.write() with Buffer payloads.




    npm i hypercore-query-extension

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