huge-csv-sorter
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1.0.2 • Public • Published

Summary

This library can sort huge CSV files efficiently.

Once your CSV files are properly sorted on a primary key, they can also be efficiently compared to produce a diff file, using my other lib https://github.com/livetocode/tabular-data-differ

Keywords

  • csv
  • huge
  • large
  • big
  • sort
  • order
  • fast
  • sqlite

Table of content

Why another lib?

Most CSV sorting libraries would read the file in memory for sorting and filtering it, which is not possible when the files are huge!

This library acts as a thin wrapper around the SQLite library and delegates all the work to the DB which is made for this exact scenario.

Features

  • consumes very few memory
  • can sort huge files that wouldn't fit in memory
  • very fast since it relies on SQLite which is a highly optimized C library

Prerequisites

The "sqlite3" command must be installed on your system.

For a Mac: brew install sqlite

Don't forget to install the proper package if you're running your app in a container. For example, using the Node Alpine distro: RUN apk add sqlite

Note that we couldn't use the sqlite npm package since it wouldn't let us execute meta commands such as ".import" which we rely on for importing the CSV. (see https://sqlite.org/cli.html#csv_import)

Usage

Install

npm i huge-csv-sorter

Examples

Sort a file with one primary column

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: ['id'],
});

Sort a file with two primary columns

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: ['code', 'version'],
});

Sort a file with two primary columns, with the one pk in descending order

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: [
        'code', 
        {
            name: 'version',
            sortDirection: 'DESC',
        }
    ],
});

Sort a file with a subset of the original columns

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    select: [
        'id',
        'name',
        'price'
    ],
    orderBy: ['id'],
});

Sort a file with typed columns and order by a number column

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    schema: [
        { 
            name: 'id',
            type: 'number',            
        },
        'name',
        {
            name: 'price',
            type: 'number',
        }
    ],
    select: ['id', 'name', 'price'],
    orderBy: ['id'],
});

Sort a file with a custom delimiter such as tab for TSV files

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: {
        filename: 'huge.tsv',
        delimiter: '\t',
    },
    destination: {
        filename: 'huge.sorted.tsv',
        delimiter: '\t',
    },
    orderBy: ['id'],
});

Sort a file and filter the output rows on a text column

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: ['id'],
    where: `CATEGORY in ('Cat1', 'Cat2', 'Cat3')`,
});

Sort a file and filter the output rows on a number column

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    schema: [
        { 
            name: 'id',
            type: 'number',
        },
        'name',
    ],
    orderBy: ['id'],
    where: `id < 1000`,
});

Sort a file and filter the output rows on a column that must be quoted

Be careful if the name of the columns you're filtering on contain special chars: in this case, you must double-quote them or SQLite will fail to identify the columns.

Note that the where clause should be pure valid SQL and no validation/conversion is done by this library.

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: ['The ID'],
    where: `"The ID" < 1000`,
});

Sort a file and paginate

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: ['id'],
    offset: 1000,
    limit: 100,
});

Sort a file with custom sqlite settings

If you want to keep the SQLite database for further inspection after the import, you override the sqlite options. You can also change the filename of the SQLite database which will use the destination filename and replace the csv extension with sqlite.

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    sqlite: {
        filename: '/tmp/huge.sqlite',
        keepDB: true, // do not delete db after sort
    },
    orderBy: ['id'],
});

Log all commands

If you want to understand how the schema, the import and the query are implemented in SQLite, you can provide your logger function:

import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: 'huge.csv',
    destination: 'huge.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: ['id'],
    logger: console.log,
});

Order 2 CSV files and diff them on the console

Note that you must also install the diff lib with npm i tabular-data-differ.

import { diff } from 'tabular-data-differ';
import { sort } from 'huge-csv-sorter';

await sort({
    source: './tests/a.csv',
    destination: './tests/a.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: ['id'],
});

await sort({
    source: './tests/b.csv',
    destination: './tests/b.sorted.csv',
    orderBy: ['id'],
});

const stats = await diff({
    oldSource: './tests/a.sorted.csv',
    newSource: './tests/b.sorted.csv',
    keys: ['id'],
}).to('console');
console.log(stats);

Documentation

FileOptions

Name Required Default value Description
filename yes a filename
delimiter no , the optional delimiter of the columns

SchemaColumn

Name Required Default value Description
name yes the name of the column.
type no string the type of the column: either a string or a number.

SortedColumn

Name Required Default value Description
name yes the name of the column.
sortDirection no ASC the sort direction of the data.

SQLiteOptions

Name Required Default value Description
filename yes the filename of the SQLite temporary database.
keepDB no false specifies whether to keep the database after the operation or if it should be deleted.
cli no sqlite3 the SQLite command line tool.

SortOptions

Name Required Default value Description
source yes either a filename or a FileOptions object
destination yes either a filename or a FileOptions object
schema no an optional list of columns annotated with their type (string or number). Note that if is specified, it must match all columns of the source file, in the same order of appearance, otherwise the SQLite import will be aborted.
select no a selection of columns to keep from the source CSV. It will keep all columns when not specified.
orderBy yes a list of columns for ordering the records.
where no the conditions for filtering the records.
offset no 0 the offset from which to start selecting the records
limit no the maximum number of records to select. It will keep all records when not specified.
sqlite no options for customizing SQLite.
logger no a function for logging commands sent to SQLite

sort

The sort function will require a single parameter of type {SortOptions}.

There are only 3 required options:

  • source
  • destination
  • orderBy

Development

Install

git clone git@github.com:livetocode/huge-csv-sorter.git
cd huge-csv-sorter
npm i

Tests

Tests are implemented with Jest and can be run with: npm t

You can also look at the coverage with: npm run show-coverage

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Install

npm i huge-csv-sorter

Weekly Downloads

175

Version

1.0.2

License

ISC

Unpacked Size

118 kB

Total Files

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Last publish

Collaborators

  • livetocode