hmpo-i18n

    5.0.2 • Public • Published

    hmpo-i18n

    i18n for node

    A ground up rebuild of the i18next project for a node environment.

    The i18next project has a number of issues that result from it being a port of an originally client-side project. In particular that it maintains a single global datastore, and so if two modules resolve to the same instance then they will interfere with each other.

    The aim of this project is to create a module-safe, lightweight translation library for a node environment, based on similar concepts to i18next.

    Install

    npm install hmpo-i18n
    

    Usage

    First create some resource files. These should be json or yaml files and the location of the file within your project will define the language it corresponds to.

    An example file structure would look like:

    index.js
    /locales
      /en
        /default.json
        /validation.yaml
        /pages.errors.yaml
      /fr
        /default.json
      /de
        /default.json
    

    If you wish to create additional namespaces within your project, then create additional files within a language directory with names corresponding to the namespace. For details on how to configure resource paths see "Resource path" documentation below These namespaces are superimposed onto the default layout.

    Standalone:

    var i18n = require('hmpo-i18n');
    
    // i18n fires a "ready" event when it is done loading resources
    i18n.on('ready', function () {
        i18n.translate('name.first', 'fr');
    });

    As express middleware:

    var app = require('express')();
    
    var i18n = require('hmpo-i18n');
    
    i18n.middleware(app);
    
    app.use(function (req, res, next) {
        // a translate method is now available on the request
        // this will translate keys according to the language request headers
        res.render('index', {
            title: req.translate('title')
        });
    });
    
    app.listen(3000);

    As express middleware with custom language detection:

    Middleware can detect the language from the Accepts header by if the detect option is true. A custom language can be set using req.setLanguage(lang).

    var app = require('express')();
    
    var i18n = require('hmpo-i18n');
    
    i18n.middleware(app);
    
    app.use(function (req, res, next) {
        // load language from querystring parameter - e.g. ?lang=en
        req.setLanguage(req.query.lang);
        next();
    });
    ...

    Passing language and namespace options

    The translate method takes an additional options object with parameters for language and namespace to be loaded. This applies to both standalone and express middleware options (although in the middleware case any language option will overwrite the accepts header as a language preference)

    If the options are set to an array or a string, then this will be used as the language.

    // simple language option
    i18n.translate('greeting', 'fr');
    // multiple langauge options as an array
    i18n.translate('greeting', ['en-GB', 'en']);

    If multiple langauges are passed, then the first matching language will be used. For example: i18n.translate('greeting', ['en-GB', 'en']); will look for en-GB first, and fall back to en only if a translation for en-GB is not found.

    // simple namespace option
    i18n.translate('greeting', { namespace: 'admin' });

    Initialisation options

    In each case options can be passed both to the i18n function, or to the middleware constructor equivalently.

    Pre-defined resources

    You can manually define resource sets at initialisation by passing in an object with the resources parameter of the options. This is useful when you have shared translations that are used across a number of modules, so you may wish to load from npm modules or similar - Default: {}

    i18n({
        resources: {
          en: require('shared-translations').en,
          fr: require('shared-translations').fr
        }
    });

    This object should have the same structure as the resources returned by backends

    Fallback language:

    Set the language which is used as the fallback when none is specified, or the requested key does not exist in the requested language - Default: 'en'

    i18n({
        fallbackLng: 'en-GB'
    });

    Fallback namespace:

    Set the namespace which is used as the fallback when none is specified, or the requested key does not exist in the requested namespace - Default: 'default'

    i18n({
        fallbackNamespace: 'admin'
    });

    If required, both the fallbackLng and fallbackNamespace options can be passed as an array.

    Resource path

    For the fs resource loader (currently the only backend supported), sets the location to load resource files from, and pattern for parsing namespace and language from the file path - Default: locales/__lng__/__ns__.__ext__.

    i18n({
        path: '/var/i18n/__lng__/__ns__/resource.__ext__'
    });

    Base directory

    The root directory in which to look for resources on the path defined - Default: process.cwd()

    i18n({
        baseDir: __dirname
    });

    Note: if you are using hmpo-i18n inside a module which is likely to be installed as a child dependency of another project then it is highly recommended that you set this property.

    Backend

    Allows setting a custom backend for non-fs resource loading. Backend must export a load method, which will be called with options object and a callback. Default: fs resource loader

    i18n({
        backend: {
            load: function (options, callback) {
                // do custom resource loading
                callback(null, resources);
            }
        }
    });

    Resources returned by the callback will be an object of the following form:

    {
        en: {
            ... translation keys for default namespace ...
            'other-namespace': {
                ... translation keys for afternative namespace...
            }
        },
        fr: {
            ...
        },
        de: {
            ...
        }
    }

    Keywords

    Install

    npm i hmpo-i18n

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    463

    Version

    5.0.2

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    48 kB

    Total Files

    39

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • hughepaul