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A typescript compiler for gulp with incremental compilation support.


A gulp plugin for handling TypeScript compilation workflow. The plugin exposes TypeScript's compiler options to gulp using TypeScript API.

Updating from version 2? See the breaking changes in version 3.

  • Incremental compilation (so faster builds)
  • Error reporting
  • Different output streams for .js, .d.ts files.
  • Support for sourcemaps using gulp-sourcemaps
  • Compile once, and filter different targets
npm install --global gulp
npm install gulp
npm install gulp-typescript typescript

Allmost all options from TypeScript are supported.

  • outFile (string) - Generate one javascript and one definition file. Only works when no module system is used.
  • outDir (string) - Move output to a different (virtual) directory. Note that you still need gulp.dest to write output to disk.
  • noImplicitAny (boolean) - Warn on expressions and declarations with an implied 'any' type.
  • suppressImplicitAnyIndexErrors (boolean) - Suppress --noImplicitAny errors for indexing objects lacking index signatures.
  • noLib (boolean) - Don't include the default lib (with definitions for - Array, Date etc)
  • lib (string[]) - List of library files to be included in the compilation.
  • target (string) - Specify ECMAScript target version: 'ES3' (default), 'ES5' or 'ES6'.
  • module (string) - Specify module code generation: 'commonjs', 'amd', 'umd' or 'system'.
  • jsx (string) - Specify jsx code generation: 'react' or 'preserve' (TS1.6+).
  • declaration (boolean) - Generates corresponding .d.ts files. You need to pipe the dts streams to save these files.
  • removeComments (boolean) - Do not emit comments to output.
  • emitDecoratorMetadata (boolean) - Emit design-time metadate for decorated declarations in source.
  • experimentalAsyncFunctions (boolean) - Support for ES7-proposed asynchronous functions using the async/await keywords (TS1.6+).
  • experimentalDecorators (boolean) - Enables experimental support for ES7 decorators.
  • moduleResolution (string) - Determine how modules get resolved. Either 'node' for Node.js/io.js style resolution, or 'classic' (default) (TS1.6+).
  • noEmitOnError (boolean) - Do not emit outputs if any type checking errors were reported.
  • noEmitHelpers (boolean) - Do not generate custom helper functions like __extends in compiled output.
  • preserveConstEnums (boolean) - Do not erase const enum declarations in generated code.
  • isolatedModules (boolean) - Compiles files seperately and doesn't check types, which causes a big speed increase. You have to use gulp-plumber and TypeScript 1.5+.
  • allowJs (boolean) - Allow JavaScript files to be compiled.
  • rootDir - Specifies the root directory of input files. Only use to control the output directory structure with outDir.

See the TypeScript wiki for a complete list. These options are not supported:

  • Sourcemap options (sourceMap, inlineSourceMap, inlineSources, sourceRoot) - Use gulp-sourcemaps instead.
  • watch - Use instead. See the paragraph "Incremental compilation".
  • project - See "Using tsconfig.json".
  • Obvious: help, version

Below is a minimal gulpfile.js which will compile all TypeScript file in folder src and emit a single output file called output.js in built/local. To invoke, simple run gulp.

var gulp = require('gulp');
var ts = require('gulp-typescript');
gulp.task('default', function () {
    return gulp.src('src/**/*.ts')
            noImplicitAny: true,
            out: 'output.js'

Another example of gulpfile.js. Instead of creating the default task, the file specifies custom named task. To invoke, run gulp scripts instead of gulp. As a result, the task will generate both JavaScript files and TypeScript definition files (.d.ts).

var gulp = require('gulp');
var ts = require('gulp-typescript');
var merge = require('merge2');  // Requires separate installation 
gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = gulp.src('lib/**/*.ts')
            declaration: true
    return merge([

tsResult is a stream containing the generated JavaScript and definition files. In many situations, some plugins need to be executed on the JavaScript files. For these situations, the stream has sub-streams, namely a JavaScript stream (tsResult.js) and a definition file stream (tsResult.dts). You need to set the declaration option to generate definition files. If you don't need the definition files, you can use a configuration as seen in the first example.

Instead of calling ts(options), you can create a project first, and then call tsProject(). An example:

var gulp = require('gulp');
var ts = require('gulp-typescript');
var merge = require('merge2');
var tsProject = ts.createProject({
    declaration: true
gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = gulp.src('lib/*.ts')
    return merge([ // Merge the two output streams, so this task is finished when the IO of both operations is done. 
gulp.task('watch', ['scripts'], function() {'lib/*.ts', ['scripts']);

When you run gulp watch, the source will be compiled as usual. Then, when you make a change and save the file, your TypeScript files will be compiled in about half the time.

You must create the project outside of the task. You can't use the same project in multiple tasks. Instead, create multiple projects or use a single task to compile your sources.

To use tsconfig.json, you have to use ts.createProject:

var tsProject = ts.createProject('tsconfig.json');

If you want to add or overwrite certain settings in the tsconfig.json file, you can use:

var tsProject = ts.createProject('tsconfig.json', { noImplicitAny: true });

The task will look like:

gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = tsProject.src() // instead of gulp.src(...) 
    return tsResult.js.pipe(gulp.dest('release'));

gulp-typescript isn't restricted to a single TypeScript version. You can install the latest stable version using npm install typescript --save-dev or a nightly npm install typescript@next --save-dev.

You can also use a fork of TypeScript, if it is based on TypeScript 2.x. You can configure this in your gulpfile:

    typescript: require('my-fork-of-typescript')

Or in combination with a tsconfig file:

var tsProject = ts.createProject('tsconfig.json', {
    typescript: require('my-form-of-typescript')

Example of gulpfile.js which will compile typescript to javascript as well as generate associated sourcemap.

var gulp = require('gulp')
var ts = require('gulp-typescript');
var sourcemaps = require('gulp-sourcemaps');
gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = gulp.src('lib/*.ts')
        .pipe(sourcemaps.init()) // This means sourcemaps will be generated 
            // ... 
    return tsResult.js
        .pipe( ... ) // You can use other plugins that also support gulp-sourcemaps 
        .pipe(sourcemaps.write()) // Now the sourcemaps are added to the .js file 

For more information, see gulp-sourcemaps.

You can specify a custom reporter as the second argument of the main function, or as the only argument when using a tsProject:

ts(options, reporter);

Available reporters are:

  • nullReporter (ts.reporter.nullReporter()) - Don't report errors
  • defaultReporter (ts.reporter.defaultReporter()) - Report basic errors to the console
  • longReporter (ts.reporter.longReporter()) - Extended version of default reporter, intelliJ link functionality + file watcher error highlighting should work using this one
  • fullReporter (ts.reporter.fullReporter(showFullFilename?: boolean)) - Show full error messages, with source.

If you want to build a custom reporter, you take a look at lib/reporter.ts, that file declares an interface which a reporter should implement.

  1. Clone this repo
  2. Execute npm install
  3. Execute git submodule update --init to pull down the TypeScript compiler/services versions used in the test suite.
  4. Ensure the gulp CLI is globally installed (npm install -g gulp).
  5. Execute the tests: gulp.

The plugin uses itself to compile. There are 2 build directories, release and release-2. release must always contain a working build. release-2 contains the last build. When you run gulp compile, the build will be saved in the release-2 directory. gulp test will compile the source to release-2, and then it will run some tests. If these tests give no errors, you can run gulp release. The contents from release-2 will be copied to release.

gulp-typescript is licensed under the MIT license.