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grunt-postcss

Apply several post-processors to your CSS using PostCSS

grunt-postcss

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Apply several post-processors to your CSS using PostCSS.

Getting Started

This plugin requires Grunt ~0.4.0

If you haven't used Grunt before, be sure to check out the Getting Started guide, as it explains how to create a Gruntfile as well as install and use Grunt plugins. Once you're familiar with that process, you may install this plugin with this command:

npm install grunt-postcss --save-dev

Once the plugin has been installed, it may be enabled inside your Gruntfile with this line of JavaScript:

grunt.loadNpmTasks('grunt-postcss');

Usage

$ npm install grunt-postcss pixrem autoprefixer cssnano
grunt.initConfig({
  postcss: {
    options: {
      map: true, // inline sourcemaps 
 
      // or 
      map: {
          inline: false, // save all sourcemaps as separate files... 
          annotation: 'dist/css/maps/' // ...to the specified directory 
      },
 
      processors: [
        require('pixrem')(), // add fallbacks for rem units 
        require('autoprefixer')({browsers: 'last 2 versions'}), // add vendor prefixes 
        require('cssnano')() // minify the result 
      ]
    },
    dist: {
      src: 'css/*.css'
    }
  }
});

Options

Post-processors options

require('postcss-plugin')({option: value})

Plugin options

options.processors

Type: Array Default value: []

An array of PostCSS compatible post-processors.

options.map

Type: Boolean|Object Default value: false

If the map option isn't defined or is set to false, PostCSS won't create or update sourcemaps.

If true is specified, PostCSS will try to locate a sourcemap from a previous compilation step using an annotation comment (e.g. from Sass) and create a new sourcemap based on the found one (or just create a new inlined sourcemap). The created sourcemap can be either a separate file or an inlined map depending on what the previous sourcemap was.

You can gain more control over sourcemap generation by assigning an object to the map option:

  • prev (string or false): a path to a directory where a previous sourcemap is (e.g. path/). By default, PostCSS will try to find a previous sourcemap using a path from the annotation comment (or using the annotation comment itself if the map is inlined). You can also set this option to false to delete the previous sourcemap.
  • inline (boolean): whether a sourcemap will be inlined or not. By default, it will be the same as a previous sourcemap or inlined.
  • annotation (boolean or string): by default, PostCSS will always add annotation comments with a path to a sourcemap file unless it is inlined or the input CSS does not have an annotation comment. PostCSS presumes that you want to save sourcemaps next to your output CSS files, but you can override this behavior and set a path to a directory as a string value for the option.
  • sourcesContent (boolean): whether original file contents (e.g. Sass sources) will be included to a sourcemap. By default, it's true unless a sourcemap from a previous compilation step has the original contents missing.

options.diff

Type: Boolean|String Default value: false

Set it to true if you want to get a patch file:

options: {
  diff: true // or 'custom/path/to/file.css.patch' 
}

You can also specify a path where you want the file to be saved.

options.failOnError

Type: Boolean Default value: false

Set it to true if you want grunt to exit with an error on detecting a warning or error.

options.writeDest

Type: Boolean Default value: true

Set it to false if you do not want the destination files to be written. This does not affect the processing of the map and diff options.

options.syntax, options.parser, options.stringifier

Options to control PostCSS custom syntaxes.

options: {
  parser: require('postcss-safe-parser') // instead of a removed `safe` option 
}
options: {
  syntax: require('postcss-scss') // work with SCSS directly 
}

Why would I use this?

Unlike the traditional approach with separate plugins, grunt-postcss allows you to parse and save CSS only once applying all post-processors in memory and thus reducing your build time. PostCSS is also a simple tool for writing your own CSS post-processors.

How to migrate from grunt-autoprefixer?

Autoprefixer is a PostCSS plugin, so first replace grunt-autoprefixer with grunt-postcss and autoprefixer plugin.

$ npm remove --save-dev grunt-autoprefixer
$ npm install --save-dev grunt-postcss autoprefixer

Assuming you have a config like this:

autoprefixer: {
  options: {
    map: true,
    browsers: ['last 1 version']
  },
  dist: {
    src: '...'
  }
}

Replace it with:

postcss: {
  options: {
    map: true,
    processors: [
      require('autoprefixer')({browsers: ['last 1 version']})
    ]
  },
  dist: {
    src: '...'
  }
}

browsers, cascade and remove options are plugin-specific, so we pass them as an argument while require the plugin.