graphscape

    1.1.0 • Public • Published

    GraphScape

    (Last Update: 2021-05-20)

    GraphScape(paper) is a directed graph model of the visualization design space that supports automated reasoning about visualization similarity and sequencing. It uses the Vega-Lite language to model individual charts. This repository contains source code for building GraphScape models and automatically recommending sequences of charts.

    APIs

    # graphscape.sequence(charts, options[, editOpSet, callback]) <>

    Generate recommended sequence orders for a collection of Vega-Lite charts. The return value is a ranked array of potential sequences and associated metadata.

    Input

    Parameter Type Description
    charts Array An array of Vega-Lite unit charts.
    options Object { "fixFirst": true / false }
    fixFirst: indicates whether the first chart in charts should be pinned as the first chart of the recommended sequence (true) or not (false).
    editOpSet Object (Optional) Specifies custom rules for calculating sequence costss
    callback Function (Optional) function(result) { ... }
    A callback function to invoke with the results.

    Output

    The output is a ranked array of objects, each containing a sequence ordering and related metadata.

    Property Type Description
    charts Array The given input charts.
    If options.fixFirst was false, a null specification for an empty chart is included as the first entry.
    sequence Array Order of indexes of input charts.
    transitions Array Transitions between each pair of two adjacent charts with id.
    sequenceCost Number Final GraphScape sequence cost.
    sumOfTransitionCosts Number Sum of transition costs.
    patterns Array Observed patterns of the sequence.
    Each pattern is consist of pattern, appear, coverage, and patternScore.
    pattern : An array of transition ids composing the pattern.
    appear : An array of indexes of transitions where the pattern appears in the sequence.
    coverage : How much the pattern cover the sequence.
    patternScore : Final pattern score, which is the same as coverage now.
    globalWeightingTerm Number Global weighting term.
    filterSequenceCost Number Filter sequence cost.
    filterSequenceCostReasons Array Sum of filter value change score
    Increment of value : +1
    Decrement of value : -1
    Otherwise : 0

    Sample Code (node.js)

    const gs = require('./graphscape.js')
    const charts = []; // an array of Vega-Lite charts
    charts.push({
      "data": {"url": "data/cars.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {
        "x": {"field": "Horsepower","type": "quantitative"},
      }
    });
    charts.push({
      "data": {"url": "data/cars.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {
        "x": {"field": "Horsepower","type": "quantitative"},
        "y": {"field": "Miles_per_Gallon","type": "quantitative"}
      }
    });
    const options = { "fixFirst": false };
    console.log(gs.sequence(charts, options));

    # graphscape.transition(source chart, target chart) <>

    Generate a transition from a source Vega-Lite chart to a target Vega-Lite chart. The transition has the minimum edit operation costs.

    Input

    Parameter Type Description
    source chart Object A Vega-Lite unit chart.
    target chart Object A Vega-Lite unit chart.

    Output

    The output is a ranked array of objects, each containing a sequence ordering and related metadata.

    Property Type Description
    mark Array Edit operations in mark category.
    transform Array Edit operations in transform category.
    encoding Array Edit operations in encoding category.
    cost Number Sum of all costs of edit operations in this transition.

    Sample Code (node.js)

    const gs = require('./graphscape.js')
    const source = {
      "data": {"url": "data/cars.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {
        "x": {"field": "Horsepower","type": "quantitative"},
      }
    };
    const target = {
      "data": {"url": "data/cars.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {
        "x": {"field": "Horsepower","type": "quantitative"},
        "y": {"field": "Miles_per_Gallon","type": "quantitative"}
      }
    };
    
    console.log(gs.transition(source, target));

    # graphscape.apply(startChart, endChart, editOps) <>

    Applies edit operations on the start chart to synthesize the intermeidate chart between the start and end. The edit operations should be provided with the corresponding end chart.

    Input

    Parameter Type Description
    startChart Vega-Lite Spec The start chart that the edit operations are applied to.
    editOps Array Edit operations between the start and end charts. Users can get these by .transition.
    endChart Vega-Lite Spec The end chart. The given edit operations should be extracted from the transition between the start and end.

    Output

    A Vega-Lite Spec.

    Sample Code (node.js)

    const gs = require('./graphscape.js')
    const startVL = {
      "$schema": "https://vega.github.io/schema/vega-lite/v4.json",
      "data": {"url": "data/penguins.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {"x": {"field": "A", "type": "nominal"}}
    };
    const endVL = {
      "$schema": "https://vega.github.io/schema/vega-lite/v4.json",
      "data": {"url": "data/penguins.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {
        "y": {"field": "A", "type": "quantitative", "aggregate": "mean" }
      }
    };
    const transition = await gs.transition(startVL, endVL);
    const chart = gs.apply(startVL, endVL, transition.encoding)
    console.log(chart);
    /*
    {
      "$schema": "https://vega.github.io/schema/vega-lite/v4.json",
      "data": {"url": "data/penguins.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {"y": {"field": "A", "type": "quantitative"}}
    }
    */

    # graphscape.path(startChart, endChart, M) <>

    Recommends paths (chart sequences) from the start to the end with M transitions. Each path will have M+1 charts. Unlike .sequence, it generates intermediate charts for given two ends.

    Input

    Parameter Type Description
    startChart Vega-Lite Spec The start chart for paths.
    endChart Vega-Lite Spec The end chart for paths.
    M Inteager The number of transitions for the paths. If M is undefined, it returns all possible paths.

    Output

    If M is specified, it returns a path array (Array<Path>). If not, it returns object having possible Ms and corresponding paths as keys and values({ "1": Array<Path>, "2": ..., ...})

    Each path has these properties:

    {
      "sequence": [startChart, ..., endChart ],
      // The partition of the edit operations from the start and the end.
      "editOpPartition": [editOpArray1, ..., editOpArrayM],
    
      "eval": {
        // GraphScape's heuristic evaluation score for this path. Higher means better.
        "score": 1, //Number
        "satisfiedRules": ... // The reasons for the scores.
      }
    }

    Sample Code (node.js)

    const gs = require('./graphscape.js')
    const startVL = {
      "$schema": "https://vega.github.io/schema/vega-lite/v4.json",
      "data": {"url": "data/penguins.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {"x": {"field": "A", "type": "nominal"}}
    };
    const endVL = {
      "$schema": "https://vega.github.io/schema/vega-lite/v4.json",
      "data": {"url": "data/penguins.json"},
      "mark": "point",
      "encoding": {
        "y": {"field": "A", "type": "quantitative", "aggregate": "mean" }
      }
    };
    const paths = await gs.path(startVL, endVL);
    console.log(paths)

    *More details of the implementation will be available in here(TBD).

    Sequence Recommender Web Application

    The app/ folder contains a sequence recommender web application. Given a set of input Vega-Lite specifications, it produces a recommended sequence intended to improve chart reading and comprehension. To run this app, first you should install bower components:

    $ cd app
    $ bower install

    Next, launch a local webserver to run the application. For example:

    $ python -m SimpleHTTPServer 9000 # for Python 2
    $ python -m http.server 9000 # for Python 3

    To use a custom build of graphscape.js, copy your new graphscape.js file and paste it into the app/js folder.

    Development Instructions

    1. MATLAB is required to solve lp.m.
    2. Install npm dependencies via npm install.
    3. You can customize rankings of edit operations by modifying lp.js and running the following commands:
    $ cd src/rule
    $ node lp.js
    $ matlab < lp.m
    $ node genEditOpSet.js # This will generate editOpSet.js.
    
    # After creating your rankings, you must re-build `graphscape.js` to apply changes.
    $ cd
    $ npm run test
    $ npm run build

    Cite us!

    If you use GraphScpae in published research, please cite this paper.

    Keywords

    none

    Install

    npm i graphscape

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    0

    Version

    1.1.0

    License

    BSD-3-Clause

    Unpacked Size

    17.2 MB

    Total Files

    81

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • yhoonkim