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graphql-typegen

1.2.2 • Public • Published

graphql-typegen

CircleCI Coverage Status semantic-release Commitizen friendly npm version

JSCodeshift transform that inserts Flow types generated from GraphQL documents in template string literals and your GraphQL schema, and wires up the generated types to Apollo

Table of Contents

Example

Before

import gql from 'graphql-tag'
 
const fragment = gql`
  fragment CharacterFields on Character {
    name
    appearsIn
  }
`
 
const fragment2 = gql`
  ${fragment}
  fragment CharacterAndFriends on Character {
    ...CharacterFields
    friends {
      ...CharacterFields
    }
  }
`
 
const query = gql`
  ${fragment2}
  query Test($id: ID!) {
    character(id: $id) {
      id
      ...CharacterAndFriends
    }
  }
`

After

import gql from 'graphql-tag'
 
const fragment = gql`
  fragment CharacterFields on Character {
    name
    appearsIn
    ... on Human {
      mass
    }
    ... on Droid {
      primaryFunction
    }
  }
`
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type CharacterFields =
  | {
      name: string,
      appearsIn: Array<?('NEWHOPE' | 'EMPIRE' | 'JEDI')>,
      __typename: 'Human',
      mass: ?number,
    }
  | {
      name: string,
      appearsIn: Array<?('NEWHOPE' | 'EMPIRE' | 'JEDI')>,
      __typename: 'Droid',
      primaryFunction: ?string,
    }
 
const fragment2 = gql`
  ${fragment}
  fragment CharacterAndFriends on Character {
    ...CharacterFields
    friends {
      ...CharacterFields
    }
  }
`
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type CharacterAndFriends = {
  __typename: 'Human' | 'Droid',
  friends: ?Array<?CharacterFields>,
& CharacterFields
 
const query = gql`
  ${fragment2}
  query Test($id: ID!) {
    character(id: $id) {
      id
      ...CharacterAndFriends
    }
  }
`
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type TestQueryVariables = { id: string }
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type TestQueryData = {
  __typename: 'Query',
  character: ?({
    __typename: 'Human' | 'Droid',
    id: string,
  } & CharacterAndFriends),
}

Rationale

With established GraphQL code generators out there (apollo-tooling and graphql-codegen) you might wonder why I decided to make my own instead. There are several reasons...

Importing generated types from external files is annoying

Both graphql-codegen and apollo-tooling output types in separate files from your GraphQL documents. This means you have to pick a globally unique identifier for each GraphQL operation. Dealing with global namespaces is always a pain in the ass. It also means you have to insert an import statement. While I also have my own tool that's pretty damn good at automatic imports, it would still be an annoying extra step.

graphql-typegen just inserts the generated types after the GraphQL tagged template literals in my code, so I don't have to worry about picking globally unique operation names or adding imports.

graphql-codegen outputs messy types for documents

Example:

query Test($id: ID!) {
  user(id: $id) {
    id
    username
  }
}

Output:

type $Pick<Origin: Object, Keys: Object> = $ObjMapi<
  Keys,
  <Key>(k: Key) => $ElementType<Origin, Key>
>
 
export type TestQueryVariables = {
  id: $ElementType<Scalars, 'ID'>,
}
 
export type TestQuery = {
  ...{ __typename?: 'Query},
  ...{|
    user: ?{
      ...{ __typename?: 'User' },
      ...$Pick<User, {| id: *, username: * |}>,
    },
  |},
}

Pretty awful, huh? It's questionable if this even works properly in Flow; I've seen bugs with spreads inside inexact/ambiguous object types in the past.

graphql-typegen would output:

// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type TestQueryData = {
  __typename: 'Query',
  user: {
    __typename: 'User',
    id: ID,
    username: string,
  },
}

I want to extract parts of the query with their own type aliases

Take the query example above. Let's say I need to refer to the user type in TestQuery above. All I have to do is add this comment:

query Test($id: ID!) {
  # @graphql-typegen extract
  user(id: $id) {
    id
    username
  }
}

And graphql-typegen will output:

// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type User = {
  __typename: 'User',
  id: ID,
  username: string,
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type TestQueryData = {
  __typename: 'Query',
  user: User,
}

This is much easier than type User = $PropertyType<TestQuery, 'user'>, especially for extracting types that are more than one level deep in the query ($PropertyType<$PropertyType<TestQuery, 'foo'>, 'bar'> would be pretty awful)

Interpolation in GraphQL tagged template literals

At the moment, apollo-tooling doesn't support interpolation in tagged template literals. This is a pretty crucial for sharing fragments between queries and mutations, which is, you know, common.

graphql-typegen supports this:

const UserFragment = gql`
  fragment UserFields on User {
    id
    username
  }
`
 
const userQuery = gql`
  ${UserFragment}
  query user($id: ID!) {
    user(id: $id) {
      ...UserFields
    }
  }
`
 
const updateUserMutation = gql`
  ${UserFragment}
  mutation updateUser($id: ID!, $values: UpdateUser!) {
    updateUser(id: $id, values: $values) {
      ...UserFields
    }
  }
`

Output:

// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserFields = {
  id: ID,
  username: string,
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserQueryData = {
  __typename: 'Query',
  user: { __typename: 'User' } & UserFields,
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserQueryVariables = {
  id: ID,
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UpdateUserMutationData = {
  __typename: 'Mutation',
  updateUser: { __typename: 'User' } & UserFields,
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UpdateUserMutationVariables = {
  id: ID,
  values: {
    username?: string,
  },
}

graphql-typegen also supports string interpolation:

const userFields = `
  id
  username
`
 
const userQuery = gql`
  query user($id: ID!) {
    user(id: $id) {
      ${userFields}
    }
  }
`
 
const updateUserMutation = gql`
  mutation updateUser($id: ID!, $values: UpdateUser!) {
    updateUser(id: $id, values: $values) {
      ${userFields}
    }
  }
`

Output:

// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserQueryData = {
  __typename: 'Query',
  user: {
    __typename: 'User',
    id: ID,
    username: string,
  },
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserQueryVariables = {
  id: ID,
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UpdateUserMutationData = {
  __typename: 'Mutation',
  updateUser: {
    __typename: 'User',
    id: ID,
    username: string,
  },
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UpdateUserMutationVariables = {
  id: ID,
  values: {
    username?: string,
  },
}

Automatically adding type annotations to Query, Mutation, useQuery, useMutation, and useSubscription

graphql-typegen will analyze all calls to these hooks and add the correct type annotations:

Before

const userQuery = gql`
  query user($id: ID!) {
    user(id: $id) {
      id
      username
    }
  }
`
 
const Foo = ({ id }: { id: ID }): React.Node => {
  const { data } = useQuery(userQuery, { variables: { id } })
  return <pre>{JSON.stringify(data)}</pre>
}

After

graphql-typegen inserts the type parameters useQuery<UserQueryData, UserQueryVariables>.

const userQuery = gql`
  query user($id: ID!) {
    user(id: $id) {
      id
      username
    }
  }
`
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserQueryData = {
  __typename: 'Query',
  user: {
    __typename: 'User',
    id: ID,
    username: string,
  },
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserQueryVariables = {
  id: ID,
}
 
const Foo = ({id}: {id: ID}): React.Node => {
  const {data} = useQuery<UserQueryData, UserQueryVariables>(userQuery, {variables: {id}})
  return <pre>{JSON.stringify(data)}</pre>
}

Configuration

schemaFile / server

First, you need to add the following to your package.json to tell graphql-typegen how to find your schema:

  "graphql-typegen": {
    "schemaFile": "path/to/schema.graphql"
  }

Or

  "graphql-typegen": {
    "server": "http://localhost:4000/graphql"
  }

tagName (default: gql)

Name of the template literal tag used to identify template literals containing GraphQL queries in Javascript/Typescript code

Configure this in your package.json:

  "graphql-typegen": {
    "tagName": "gql"
  }

validate (default: true)

Whether to validate each GraphQL document before processing it. Excludes NoUnusedFragmentsRule from validation, in case you put fragment definitions in separate template literals.

Right now this is only configurable in your package.json:

  "graphql-typegen": {
    "validate": false
  }

addTypename (default: true)

Places this may be configured, in order of increasing precendence:

package.json

  "graphql-typegen": {
    "addTypename": false
  }

in the description for a type or field in your GraphQL schema

"""
@graphql-typegen noTypename
"""
type User {
  id: ID!
  name: String!
}

in a comment in your GraphQL document

const query = gql`
  query user($id: Int!) {
    # @graphql-typegen addTypename
    user(id: $id) {
      id
      name
    }
  }
`

objectType (default: ambiguous)

The type of Flow object to output, one of:

  • exact
  • inexact
  • ambiguous

Places this may be configured, in order of increasing precendence:

package.json

  "graphql-typegen": {
    "objectType": "exact"
  }

in the description for a type or field in your GraphQL schema

"""
@graphql-typegen exact
"""
type User {
  id: ID!
  name: String!
}

in a comment in your GraphQL document

const query = gql`
  query user($id: Int!) {
    # @graphql-typegen exact
    user(id: $id) {
      id
      name
    }
  }
`

useReadOnlyTypes (default: false)

Whether to use readonly object and array types.

Places this may be configured, in order of increasing precendence:

package.json

  "graphql-typegen": {
    "useReadOnlyTypes": true
  }

in the description for a type or field in your GraphQL schema

"""
@graphql-typegen readOnly
"""
type User {
  id: ID!
  name: String!
}

in a comment in your GraphQL document

const query = gql`
  query user($id: Int!) {
    # @graphql-typegen mutable
    user(id: $id) {
      id
      name
    }
  }
`

useFunctionTypeArguments (default: true)

Whether to annotate useQuery, useMutation and useSubscription calls with type arguments, or annotate the input variables and output data.

Configure this in your package.json:

  "graphql-typegen": {
    "useFunctionTypeArguments": false
  }

When true (default)

Adds <QueryData, QueryVariables> to useQuery:

const {loading, error, data} = useQuery<QueryData, QueryVariables>(query, {
  variables: {id}
})

When false:

Annotates this way:

const {
  loading,
  error,
  data,
}QueryRenderProps<QueryData, QueryVariables= useQuery(query, {
  variables: ({ id }: QueryVariables),
})

external as <type annotation or import statement>

Makes graphql-typegen use the given external type for a scalar.

Places this may be configured, in order of increasing precendence:

in the description for a type or field in your GraphQL schema

"""
@graphql-typegen external as import { type DateISOString } from './src/types/DateISOString'
"""
scalar DateTime

in a comment in your GraphQL document

const query = gql`
  query user($id: Int!) {
    user(id: $id) {
      id
      # @graphql-typegen external as string
      createdAt
    }
  }
`

extract [as <identifier>]

Makes graphql-typegen extract the given type or field's inner type into a type alias, instead of generating an inline type.

There may be funky behavior if a selection set with inline fragment spreads is extracted.

The name of the type is used if you don't specify as .

Places this may be configured, in order of increasing precendence:

in the description for a type or field in your GraphQL schema

"""
@graphql-typegen extract
"""
type User {
 
}

in a comment in your GraphQL document

const query = gql`
  query user($id: Int!) {
    # @graphql-typegen extract as User
    user(id: $id) {
      id
      name
    }
  }
`

Output without extract

// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserQueryData = {
  __typename: 'Query',
  user: ?{
    id: string,
    name: string,
  },
}

Output with extract as User

// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type UserQueryData = {
  __typename: 'Query',
  user: ?User,
}
 
// @graphql-typegen auto-generated
type User = {
  id: string,
  name: string,
}

ignore [data | variables]

ignore data makes graphql-typegen not output a data type. ignore variables makes graphql-typegen not output a variables type. ignore makes graphql-typegen not output either a data or variables type.

This may be set in a comment in your GraphQL operation:

const query = gql`
  # @graphql-typegen ignore variables
  query user($id: Int!) {
    user(id: $id) {
      id
      name
    }
  }
`

CLI Usage

jscodeshift -t path/to/graphql-typegen/graphql-typegen.js src/**/*.js

Node.js API

Because jscodeshift unfortunately requires transform functions to be sync, graphql-typegen uses an execFileSync hack to synchronously fetch your schema from your schema file or server.

If you're calling directly from node, you can bypass this by using graphql-typegen-async:

import graphqlTypegen from 'graphql-typegen/graphql-typegen-async'

It has the same API as a jscodeshift transform, except that it returns a Promise instead of a sync result. Maybe someday jscodeshift will support async transforms.

Install

npm i graphql-typegen

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

0

Version

1.2.2

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

868 kB

Total Files

64

Last publish

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