TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    0.0.23 • Public • Published

    GraphQL Executor

    A customizable GraphQL Spec compliant Executor based on graphql-js


    With npm:

    npm install --save graphql-executor

    or using yarn:

    yarn add graphql-executor


    For the default GraphQL-Executor behavior:

    1. Use the execute and subscribe methods exported by graphql-executor in place of those exported by graphql-js.

    To customize execution: (A) fork this package, customize the code, and carry on as above, or (B) override the internal Executor class:

    1. Remember to pin the version of graphql-executor you use, as the Executor class remains internal with all changes considered non-breaking.
    2. Subclass the exported Executor class.
    3. Override your subclassed Executor methods as desired to provide your custom functionality.
    4. Create a new custom execute function calling this subclass.
    import { Executor } from 'graphql-executor';
    class MyCustomExecutor extends Executor {
      // ...
    export function execute(args: ExecutionArgs): PromiseOrValue<ExecutionResult> {
      const executor = new MyCustomExecutor(args);
      return executor.executeQueryOrMutation(args);

    Why GraphQL Executor?

    GraphQL Executor provides:

    1. A way to fork the GraphQL.JS executor without introducing multiple versions of graphql-js into your project. graphql-executor is a "smart" fork of only the execution module of graphql-js. You can safely fork graphql-executor to customize your execution flow as needed.
    2. A code-only method of customizing the executor by subclassing the exported internal Executor class as above.
    3. Direct benefits from our own customizations! GraphQL Executor is spec-compliant, but also supports experimental features (such as @defer/@stream support) and provide other improvements as possible. See ( to track any new features.

    The Long Version

    GraphQL.js occupies a foundational position within the Javascript GraphQL ecosystem as the central dependency for almost all other community packages. GraphQL.js provides two key capabilities: building a typed schema and executing requests against that type schema; it also includes a parser for the GraphQL language and a handful of additional extremely helpful utilities. The vast majority of community packages depend in some way upon this bedrock to provide all additional custom functionality.

    GraphQL.js allows for customization in several ways. SDL directives allow schema and operation writers to specify custom behavior while still using the standard GraphQL parser. extensions fields on most objects allow for setting and passing custom metadata. In many ways, execution can be customized within resolver functions, perhaps in combination with the above custom directives and extensions.

    Customization of the execution algorithm itself is less straightforward, if not impossible. GraphQL.js serves as a reference implementation for the GraphQL specification. This means that the execution algorithm included within GraphQL.js is designed not only to be spec-compliant, but also to most clearly express the algorithms contained within the spec. While experimentation is encouraged, this is in the context of pull requests to the specification, which should have a matching pull request within the reference implementation. Execution algorithm customization is not the main concern of GraphQL.js, and is usually therefore handled to the extent possible outside the execution pipeline within the calling code.

    For example, take note of Envelop, a powerful, server-agnostic method of customizing the GraphQL request layer. Note that the available execution hooks are limited to onExecuteDone and onResolverCalled, among a few others. GraphQL.JS provides a hook for field resolution, but not for field completion, for example, limiting the hooks that Envelop can provide. Free-form user customization of execution cuts against the role of GraphQL.JS as a strict, spec-conformant reference implementation. Introduction of middleware in GraphQL.JS has proved elusive.

    GraphQL Executor fills this gap by allowing for customization of the entire execution pipeline. Perhaps the most straightforward method of customizing execution would be to simply fork the graphql-js package for one's own custom use. This is made difficult by the central position of GraphQL.js in the ecosystem; most projects can safely tolerate only a single version of graphql-js, see graphql-js#594 and "GraphQL.js: Preparing for v14.0.0".

    GraphQL Executor is a "smartly" forked version of the graphql.js package that includes only the execution module and still depends on the graphql-js package for all other purposes, thereby eliding the issues above.

    GraphQL Executor also refactors the execution pipeline from GraphQL.js into an exported versioned, an Executor class. An execute function is simply a thin wrapper around the Executor.executeQueryOrMutation(args) and Executor.executeSubscription(args) methods. You can subclass the Executor class to customize the executor pipeline without maintaining a separate repository. The Executor class is internal, so when utilizing this method, you must pin the version of the graphql-executor package.


    We actively welcome pull requests. GraphQL Executor is spec-compliant but is open to adopting experimental behavior (such as the already supported @defer/@stream directives).


    We use changesets for release management. Changes are therefore tracked as GitHub releases.


    GraphQL Executor is MIT-licensed.


    Credit for GraphQL Executor is due mostly to all the hard work done at graphql-js, and especially @IvanGoncharov, who provided close direction and guidance for this method of customizing execution.


    npm i graphql-executor

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads






    Unpacked Size

    475 kB

    Total Files


    Last publish


    • yaacovcr