Generic resource pooling for Node.JS
Generic resource pool. Can be used to reuse or throttle expensive resources such as database connections.
The 2.0.0 release removed support for variable argument callbacks. When you acquire a resource from the pool, your callback must accept two arguments: (err, obj)
Previously this library attempted to determine the arity of the callback, but this resulted in a variety of issues. This change eliminates these issues, and makes the acquire callback parameter order consistent with the factory.create callback.
$ npm install generic-pool
2.1.0 - June 19 2014 - Merged #72 - Add optional returnToHead flag, if true, resources are returned to head of queue (stack like behaviour) upon release (contributed by calibr), also see #68 for further discussion. 2.0.4 - July 27 2013 - Merged #64 - Fix for not removing idle objects (contributed by PiotrWpl) 2.0.3 - January 16 2013 - Merged #56/#57 - Add optional refreshIdle flag. If false, idle resources at the pool minimum will not be destroyed/re-created. (contributed by wshaver) - Merged #54 - Factory can be asked to validate pooled objects (contributed by tikonen) 2.0.2 - October 22 2012 - Fix #51, #48 - createResource() should check for null clientCb in err case (contributed by pooyasencha) - Merged #52 - fix bug of infinite wait when create object aync error (contributed by windyrobin) - Merged #53 - change the position of dispense and callback to ensure the time order (contributed by windyrobin) 2.0.1 - August 29 2012 - Fix #44 - leak of 'err' and 'obj' in createResource() - Add devDependencies block to package.json - Add travis-ci.org integration 2.0.0 - July 31 2012 - Non-backwards compatible change: remove adjustCallback - acquire() callback must accept two params: (err, obj) - Add optional 'min' param to factory object that specifies minimum number of resources to keep in pool - Merged #38 (package.json/Makefile changes - contributed by strk) 1.0.12 - June 27 2012 - Merged #37 (Clear remove idle timer after destroyAllNow - contributed by dougwilson) 1.0.11 - June 17 2012 - Merged #36 ("pooled" method to perform function decoration for pooled methods - contributed by cosbynator) 1.0.10 - May 3 2012 - Merged #35 (Remove client from availbleObjects on destroy(client) - contributed by blax) 1.0.9 - Dec 18 2011 - Merged #25 (add getName() - contributed by BryanDonovan) - Merged #27 (remove sys import - contributed by botker) - Merged #26 (log levels - contributed by JoeZ99) 1.0.8 - Nov 16 2011 - Merged #21 (add getter methods to see pool size, etc. - contributed by BryanDonovan) 1.0.7 - Oct 17 2011 - Merged #19 (prevent release on the same obj twice - contributed by tkrynski) - Merged #20 (acquire() returns boolean indicating whether pool is full - contributed by tilgovi) 1.0.6 - May 23 2011 - Merged #13 (support error variable in acquire callback - contributed by tmcw) - Note: This change is backwards compatible. But new code should use the two parameter callback format in pool.create() functions from now on. - Merged #15 (variable scope issue in dispense() - contributed by eevans) 1.0.5 - Apr 20 2011 - Merged #12 (ability to drain pool - contributed by gdusbabek) 1.0.4 - Jan 25 2011 - Fixed #6 (objects reaped with undefined timeouts) - Fixed #7 (objectTimeout issue) 1.0.3 - Dec 9 2010 - Added priority queueing (thanks to sylvinus) - Contributions from Poetro - Name changes to match conventions described here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object_pool_pattern - borrow() renamed to acquire() - returnToPool() renamed to release() - destroy() removed from public interface - added JsDoc comments - Priority queueing enhancements 1.0.2 - Nov 9 2010 - First NPM release
// Create a MySQL connection pool with// a max of 10 connections, a min of 2, and a 30 second max idle timevar poolModule = require'generic-pool';var pool = poolModulePoolname : 'mysql'var Client = require'mysql'Client;var c = ;cuser = 'scott';cpassword = 'tiger';cdatabase = 'mydb';cconnect;// parameter order: err, resource// new in 1.0.6callbacknull c;clientend;max : 10// optional. if you set this, make sure to drain() (see step 3)min : 2// specifies how long a resource can stay idle in pool before being removedidleTimeoutMillis : 30000// if true, logs via console.log - can also be a functionlog : true;
// acquire connection - callback function is called// once a resource becomes availablepoolacquireif err// handle error - this is generally the err from your// factory.create functionelseclientquery"select * from foo"// return object back to poolpoolreleaseclient;;;
If you are shutting down a long-lived process, you may notice that node fails to exit for 30 seconds or so. This is a side effect of the idleTimeoutMillis behavior -- the pool has a setTimeout() call registered that is in the event loop queue, so node won't terminate until all resources have timed out, and the pool stops trying to manage them.
This behavior will be more problematic when you set factory.min > 0, as the pool will never become empty, and the setTimeout calls will never end.
In these cases, use the pool.drain() function. This sets the pool into a "draining" state which will gracefully wait until all idle resources have timed out. For example, you can call:
// Only call this once in your application -- at the point you want// to shutdown and stop using this pool.pooldrainpooldestroyAllNow;;
If you do this, your node process will exit gracefully.
Pool() accepts an object with these slots: name : name of pool (string, optional) create : function that returns a new resource should call callback() with the created resource destroy : function that accepts a resource and destroys it max : maximum number of resources to create at any given time optional (default=1) min : minimum number of resources to keep in pool at any given time if this is set > max, the pool will silently set the min to factory.max - 1 optional (default=0) refreshIdle : boolean that specifies whether idle resources at or below the min threshold should be destroyed/re-created. optional (default=true) idleTimeoutMillis : max milliseconds a resource can go unused before it should be destroyed (default 30000) reapIntervalMillis : frequency to check for idle resources (default 1000), returnToHead : boolean, if true the most recently released resources will be the first to be allocated. This in effect turns the pool's behaviour from a queue into a stack. optional (default false) priorityRange : int between 1 and x - if set, borrowers can specify their relative priority in the queue if no resources are available. see example. (default 1) validate : function that accepts a pooled resource and returns true if the resource is OK to use, or false if the object is invalid. Invalid objects will be destroyed. This function is called in acquire() before returning a resource from the pool. Optional. Default function always returns true. log : true/false or function - If a log is a function, it will be called with two parameters: - log string - log level ('verbose', 'info', 'warn', 'error') Else if log is true, verbose log info will be sent to console.log() Else internal log messages be ignored (this is the default)
The pool now supports optional priority queueing. This becomes relevant when no resources
are available and the caller has to wait.
acquire() accepts an optional priority int which
specifies the caller's relative position in the queue.
// create pool with priorityRange of 3// borrowers can specify a priority 0 to 2var pool = poolModulePoolname : 'mysql'// do something// cleanup. omitted for this examplemax : 10idleTimeoutMillis : 30000priorityRange : 3;// acquire connection - no priority - will go at front of line (same as high priority)poolacquirepoolreleaseclient;;// acquire connection - high priority - will go into front slotpoolacquirepoolreleaseclient;0;// acquire connection - medium priority - will go into middle slotpoolacquirepoolreleaseclient;1;// etc..
If you know would like to terminate all the resources in your pool before
their timeouts have been reached, you can use
destroyAllNow() in conjunction
One side-effect of calling
drain() is that subsequent calls to
will throw an Error.
To transparently handle object acquisition for a function,
one can use
var privateFn publicFn;publicFn = poolpooled// Do something with the client and arg. Client is auto-released when cb is calledcbnull arg;;
Keeping both private and public versions of each function allows for pooled functions to call other pooled functions with the same member. This is a handy pattern for database transactions:
var privateTop privateBottom publicTop publicBottom;publicBottom = poolpooled//Use client, assumed auto-release;publicTop = poolpooled// e.g., open a database transactionprivateBottomclient "arg"iferr return cberr;// e.g., close a transactioncb;;;
The following functions will let you get information about the pool:
// returns factory.name for this poolpoolgetName// returns number of resources in the pool regardless of// whether they are free or in usepoolgetPoolSize// returns number of unused resources in the poolpoolavailableObjectsCount// returns number of callers waiting to acquire a resourcepoolwaitingClientsCount
$ npm install expresso $ expresso -I lib test/*.js
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