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0.0.13 • Public • Published


This is a Yeoman generator for creating a very simple Jenkins plugin (HPI) project that contains a Jenkins Blue Ocean UI client-side (JavaScript) Extension Point implementation.

The Extension Point being implemnented is, which allows plugins to contribute to the "Run Details" page. In the case of the plugin generated by this generator, the Run Details page gets some animations while the build is running and then after run is complete.



  1. Node and NPM. Required by Yeoman. You'll need these anyway if you're developing Blue Ocean plugins/extensions.
  2. Yeoman - sudo npm install -g yo.
  3. Java, Maven etc. Basically, the prerequisites for building any Jenkins HPI plugin.


Installing this Yeoman Generator is very easy:

sudo npm install -g generator-blueocean-usain

Don't forget to install Yeoman itself i.e. sudo npm install -g yo. See Prerequisites.


With everything installed, running the generator is very simple:

yo blueocean-usain

And then just follow the on-screen instructions in your console, using a Pipeline script similar to the following (optional).

node {
   stage 'Stage 1'
   echo 'Hello World'
   sleep 10

After running the pipeline job and going to the Run Details page (follow on-screen instructions), you should see something similar to what is shown in the animated GIF at the top of this page.

Plugin Anatomy

The plugin generated by this generator demonstrates a number of things that should be useful to Plugin Developers interested in developing/porting plugins to work in Blue Ocean.


The following sections explain the relevance of the different parts.

How to Implement a Client-Side (JavaScript) Extension Point

Two resources need to be added to your plugin when implementing an Extension Point:

  1. The plugin's Extension Point definition file where all Extension Points in the plugin are defined. This file needs to be named jenkins-js-extension.yaml and needs to be placed in src/main/js (the root of your JavaScript source).
  2. The .jsx component file that implements the Extension Point. This can be named whatever you like (so long as it's a .jsx file), but must be placed relative to jenkins-js-extension.yaml. In this case, the .jsx file contains a React component (that gets rendered in the view), but the .jsx component can also contain other non-rendered Extension Point implementations. That, however, is a topic outside the scope of this tutorial.


As stated earlier, the plugin generated by this generator implements the Extension Point (contributing content to the Run Details page). The implementation of that Extension Point is obviously contained in Usain.jsx, but we must declare/define that in jenkins-js-extension.yaml in order for that Extension Point to be "picked up" by Blue Ocean.

# Extension point implementations in this plugin. 
# This file tells Blue Ocean what Extension Point components are in this 
# plugin + what extension points they implement. 
  component: Usain

NOTE: We may add support for other formats (other than .yaml) in the future. We could also look at discovery mechanisms ala the @Extension annotation.

How to Add Style, images etc for your Plugin Extension Point using LESS

Adding style/CSS, images etc for your plugin Extension Point implementations is easy. We are currently using LESS for processing all CSS (we might add support for SASS etc in future).

Simply create a folder named src/main/less and into place a file named extensions.less. All other web assets (fonts, images etc) should also be placed under this folder.


How to use SSE events in your Client-Side (JavaScript) Extension Point

An important part of how the Blue Ocean UI works (and is different from classic Jenkins) is in how it uses Server Sent Events (SSE) pushed to it from the Jenkins server/backend. SSE helps Blue Ocean UI to become more real-time, as well as removing the overhead of clients constantly/needlessly polling the Jenkins backend.

The plugin generated by this generator uses SSE events to drive the Usain Bolt animation, using "job" channel events pushed from the backend to modify the Extension Point's state (React component state) based on the running state of the pipeline run being observed on the Run Details page. See the animated gif at the top of this page.

Blue Ocean plugins do not create and maintain their own connections to the SSE Gateway Plugin. Instead, they use and share a single SSEConnection via the @jenkins-cd/blueocean-core-js i.e.

import { sseConnection } from '@jenkins-cd/blueocean-core-js';

With the connection in hand, you can subscribe and unsubscribe event listeners for different events e.g. as done in Usain.jsx. For more on this, see the SSE Gateway API docs.

NPM Scripts

The package.json in the generated plugin contains a number of NPM scripts that are useful to know. You mostly need to know these scripts in order to streamline your development process. As is typical with NPM scripts, they are run by executing npm run <script-name> on the command line e.g. npm run build.

name Description
build Build JavaScript artifacts and add them to your HPI + run tests. Same as running bundle, test and lint.
bundle Build JavaScript artifacts and add them to your HPI, but do not run tests or linting.
test Run tests only (src/test/js/**/*-spec.js).
lint Run linting only.
lint:fix Run linting and fix fixable lint errors.
bundle:watch Run bundle continuously, rerunning on source changes.

The package.json in the generated plugin also contains the mvnbuild and mvntest scripts that get executed as part of the maven build.

More Advanced Builds

The builds in these plugins are built on top of @jenkins-cd/js-builder, which in turn is built on top of Gulp (and others). The NPM scripts use the @jenkins-cd/js-builder CLI (jjsbuilder) by default (but can use whatever you like).

jjsbuilder relies on an internal/"default" gulpfile.js when it executes, building Blue Ocean extensions etc. This is fine in many cases, but sometimes you need to customize the plugin build a little. To do this, simply add a gulpfile.js in the root dir of the plugin. When doing this however, be sure to at least require the @jenkins-cd/js-builder package, allowing it the opportunity to register its default gulp tasks.


npm i generator-blueocean-usain

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