express-request-parameters

0.2.2 • Public • Published

express-request-parameters

Middleware for processing request data (setting default values, filtering, validation). It's useful in HTTP API when you want to process client input. The processing itself is performed by transformer-chain module.

NPM version Build status

Note: This module works in Node.js >= 4.0.

Installation

npm install express-request-parameters

Usage

expressRequestParameters(schema, [options])

Parameters

  • schema (Function | Object) - Schema which defines how to process request data (req.query, req.body and req.params are merged and processed as one object)
  • [options] (Object)
    • [name=parameters] (String) - Specifies where to set processed data in req object
    • [rawName=rawParameters] (String) - Specifies where to set raw data (before processing) in req object
    • [errorFactory] (Function) - Factory for error creation on validation error
    • [errorMessage=Bad Request] (String | Function) - Error message

Return value

(Function) - (req, res, next) middleware

Overview

Imagine you want to allow users to create books in your REST API. And book looks like this:

const book = {
    name: 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer', // required field
    author: {
        name: 'Mark Twain' // required
    },
    reviews: [
        {
            author: 'Leo Tolstoy',
            text: 'Great novel',
            visible: true
        },
        {
            author: 'Fyodor Dostoyevsky',
            text: 'Very interesting'
        }
    ]
};

And before creating book you may want to check that client sent valid data. You can do it by defining schema (take a look at transformer-chain to see all features).

const bookSchema = {
    name: {
        $filter: 'trim', // trims only strings
        $validate: {
            required: true, // mark as required field
            string: true
        }
    },
    author: {
        $validate: { // you can omit check that "author" value is object, it will be done internally 
            required: true
        },
        
        name: {
            $filter: 'trim',
            $validate: {
                required: true,
                string: true
            }
        }
    },
    reviews: [{ // define schema for array items
        author: {
            $filter: 'trim',
            $validate: {
                required: true,
                string: true
            }
        },
        text: {
            $filter: 'trim',
            $validate: {
                required: true,
                string: true
            }
        },
        visible: {
            $default: true, // default value will be set when actual value of property is undefined
            $filter: 'toBoolean' // always returns boolean
        }
    }]
};

Then you need just pass this schema to express-request-parameters:

const express    = require('express');
const parameters = require('express-request-parameters');
const bookSchema = require('./bookSchema');
 
const app = express();
 
app.post('/books', parameters(bookSchema), function(req, res, next) {
  // req.parameters is processed input data
});

If you want to use another from parameters name just use name option:

app.post('/books', parameters(bookSchema, { name: 'book' }), function(req, res, next) {
  // use req.book instead of req.parameters
});

You can specify default options:

// config.js
const parameters = require('express-request-parameters');
parameters.options = { 
    name: '$params'
};
 
// app.js
app.post('/books', parameters(bookSchema), function(req, res, next) {
  // use req.$params instead of req.parameters
});

When you have validation error middleware will call next with error object which looks like this:

const err = new Error('Bad Request'); 
err.status = 400;
err.errors = errors; // validation errors

You can change error message (Bad Request) by using errorMessage option:

// config.js
const parameters = require('express-request-parameters');
parameters.options = { 
    errorMessage: 'Validation Error' 
};
 
// or it can be a function
parameters.options = { 
    errorMessage: function(req) { // you can use req object if needed
        return 'Validation Error';
    } 
};

Or you can even specify your custom errorFactory:

// config.js
const parameters = require('express-request-parameters');
parameters.options = { 
    errorFactory: function(message, validationErrors) {
        const err = new Error(message);
        err.status = 400;
        err.validationErrors = validationErrors;
        return err;
    }
};

If you need to do something with validators/filters (add new for example), you can use transformer:

const parameters = require('express-request-parameters');
 
parameters.transformer.plugins.validate.validators.newValidator = function(value, options) {
    /* validator implementation */
};

Tests

npm install
npm test

License

MIT

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Install

npm i express-request-parameters

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Version

0.2.2

License

MIT

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  • jokero