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express-reaccess

express-reaccess

Express middleware to check user access based on the ressources URIs and HTTP methods.

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See those slides to know more about the reaccess project principles.

Usage

var reaccess = require('express-reaccess');
 
app.use(reaccess({
  rightsProps: ['_rights'],
  valuesProps: ['_user'],
}));

Assumming a middleware placed before the above example and adding properties like this on the request object for a given authenticated user:

req._user = {
  id: 1,
  login: 'nfroidure',
  organization: {
    id: 1,
    name: 'simplifield',
  },
};
req._rights = [{
  path: '/users/:login',
  methods: reaccess.METHODS ^ reaccess.DELETE,
}, {
  path: '/organisations/:organization.name',
  methods: reaccess.OPTIONS | reaccess.HEAD | reaccess.GET,
}, {
  path: 'public/(.*)',
  methods: reaccess.OPTIONS | reaccess.HEAD | reaccess.GET,
}];

Then, the user will be able to access the following URI/method couples:

  • OPTIONS/HEAD/GET/PUT/POST - /users/nfroidure
  • OPTIONS/HEAD/GET - /organizations/simplifield
  • OPTIONS/GET/HEAD - /public/*

Warning: Since this middleware is based on RegExp, you have to be aware of RegExp special chars. By example, the following rules:

req._rights = [{
  path: '/blog/posts/([0-9]+)/?page=([0-9]+)',
  methods: reaccess.OPTIONS | reaccess.HEAD | reaccess.GET,
}];

Will allow access to 'blog/posts/1page=1' which is probably not what you want. So, do not forget to escape special chars:

req._rights = [{
  path: '/blog/posts/([0-9]+)/\\?page=([0-9]+)',
  methods: reaccess.OPTIONS | reaccess.HEAD | reaccess.GET,
}];

The best is to unit test your access rules. Note that the ^ and $ chars are respectively added to the begin/end of the regular expression before executing her.

API

reaccess(options)

options

Type: Object

The options of the reaccess middleware.

options.rightsProps

Type: Array of Strings Default: 'user.rights'

The properties in wich the user rights will be read. This property must be filled on the request object by any other middleware.

This property must contain an Array of object of this kind :

req.user.rights = [{
  path: '/organizations/:orgId/users.json'
  methods: reaccess.GET | reaccess.POST
}];

options.valuesProps

Type: Array of Strings

The properties in which any templated value found in the path must be searched for.

By example, if the user rights are the following :

req.user.rights = [{
  path: '/organizations/:org.id/users.json'
  methods: reaccess.GET | reaccess.POST
}];

He will be able to access this URI /organizations/1/users.json if a previously set middleware have set the req.user.org.id to 1 and options.valuesProps to ['user'].

options.errorConstructor

Type: Error constructor Default: Error

Allows to use your own Error contructor for reaccess access errors.

options.accessErrorMessage

Type: String Default: Unauthorized access!

Allows to define your own error message. Note this middleware will not throw 401 responses for you. This is your responsibility to do so in your own error handler middleware. Defining a custom access error message could help detect when to answer with a 401 status code.

Static methods

express-reaccess comes with some convenience static methods to deal with methods properties.

boolean : reaccess.test(rights, values, method, path)

Return a boolean indicating if the given method/path matches the given rights.

[objects] : reaccess.getRightsFromReq(rightsProps, req)

Extract rights from the actual request.

[any] : reaccess.getValuesFromReq(valuesProps, req)

Extract template values from the actual request.

[strings] : reaccess.methodsAsStrings(methods)

Return an array of strings from the methods property of a right.

methods : reaccess.stringsToMethods(strings)

Return the methods value of a right from an array of strings.

Static properties

Reaccess use bitwise operators to match methods. The reaccess function provides static constants to help you make cleaner code.

reaccess.OPTIONS

Type: Number Value: 1

reaccess.HEAD

Type: Number Value: 2

reaccess.GET

Type: Number Value: 4

reaccess.POST

Type: Number Value: 8

reaccess.PUT

Type: Number Value: 16

reaccess.PATCH

Type: Number Value: 32

reaccess.DELETE

Type: Number Value: 64

reaccess.READ_MASK

Type: Number Value: 7

reaccess.WRITE_MASK

Type: Number Value: 120

reaccess.ALL_MASK

Type: Number Value: 127

Want more ?

express-reaccess supports multivalued path templates. The following rights/values couple:

req._rights = [{
  path: '/organizations/:organizations.#.id/users/:id.json'
  methods: reaccess.GET | reaccess.POST
}];
req.user.organizations = [{
  id: 1,
  name: 'FranceJS'
}, {
  id: 2,
  name: 'ChtiJS'
}];
req.user.id = 3;

Will give access to GET/POST /organizations/1/users/3.json and GET/POST /organizations/2/users/3.json.

You also can use the express-reaccess middleware several times to bring a fine access control of your API to your consumers:

// Access control based on the pricing plan of the user organization
app.use(reaccess({
  rightsProps: ['pricingPlan.rights'],
  valuesProps: ['organization']
}));
 
// Access control based on the user rights set per each organization administrator
app.use(reaccess({
  rightsProps: ['user.rights'],
  valuesProps: ['user']
}));

Debugging

To debug access checks, just use the DEBUG=express-reaccess environnement variable.

Note for AngularJS users

If you use AngularJS for your frontend, you may be interested by the angular-reaccess module.

Stats

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