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4.0.10 • Public • Published


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A command line tool to generate PDF from URL, HTML or Markdown files with electron.

I have a blog post explain why PDF Generation On The Web

Production ready? See it in action for the Myanmar Election!


Starting with version 4.0.x the master branch will always have the latest electron version.

Semantic Versioning is used, and corresponds to electron versions in the following way:

  • electron-pdf 4.0.x => electron 4.0.x (Chromium 69, Node 10.11.0)
  • electron-pdf 1.3.x => electron 1.6.x (Chromium 56, Node 7.4)
  • electron-pdf 1.2.x => electron 1.4.x (Chromium 53, Node 6.5)

Note: The Chromium versions employed by electron have impacts based on the functionality you may be exporting.
Choose the version you need based on Chromium.


npm install electron-pdf

Note: If you're installing electron-pdf as root using the system level npm (vs a user-level install like with NVM) then you may need to run the following command instead:

sudo npm install electron-pdf -g --unsafe-perm

Please see the npm docs for more information.

For gnu/linux installations without a graphical environment:

$ sudo apt-get install xvfb # or equivalent 
export DISPLAY=':99.0'
$ Xvfb :99 -screen 0 1024x768x24 > /dev/null 2>&1 &
$ electron-pdf ...

There is also an example docker machine here.

Node Usage

Electron PDF can be used inside of an application, or more commonly as the engine for a pdf rendering service. For instance, to handle http requests using Express. The following snippets show you how you can get started.

The application must run in an Electron process

In package.json

"start""DEBUG=electronpdf:* electron index.js",
"watch""DEBUG=electronpdf:* nodemon --exec electron index.js"

You can use the same instance

var ElectronPDF = require('electron-pdf')
var express = require('express')
var bodyParser = require('body-parser')
var app = express()
var exporter = new ElectronPDF()
exporter.on('charged', () => {
    //Only start the express server once the exporter is ready
    app.listen(port, hostname, function() {
        console.log(`Export Server running at http://${hostname}:${port}`);

And handle multiple export job instances'/pdfexport', function(req,res){
    // derive job arguments from request here
    const jobOptions = {
        r.results[] will contain the following based on inMemory
          false: the fully qualified path to a PDF file on disk
          true: The Buffer Object as returned by Electron
        Note: the default is false, this can not be set using the CLI
      inMemory: false 
    const options = {
   pageSize : "A4"
    exporter.createJob(source, target, options, jobOptions).then( job => {
    job.on('job-complete', (r) => {
     console.log('pdf files:', r.results)
     // Process the PDF file(s) here

Using an in memory Buffer

If you set the inMemory setting to true, you must also set closeWindow=false or you will get a segmentation fault anytime the window is closed before the buffer is sent on the response. You then need to invoke job.destroy to close the window.

Sample Code:

const jobOptions = { inMemory: true, closeWindow: false }
exporter.createJob(source, target, options, jobOptions).then( job => {
    job.on('job-complete', (r) => {
      //Send the Buffer here
      process.nextTick(() => {job.destroy()})


The API is designed to emit noteworthy events rather than use callbacks. Full documentation of all events is a work in progress.

Environment Variables

  • ELECTRONPDF_RENDERER_MAX_MEMORY : The --max-old-space-size option for each Electron renderer process (browser window); default: 75% of total system memory up to 8GB
  • ELECTRONPDF_WINDOW_CLEANUP_INTERVAL : Interval for which to check for hung windows, in milliseconds; default: 30 seconds
  • ELECTRONPDF_WINDOW_LIFE_THRESHOLD : How long a window can remain open before it is terminated, in milliseconds; default: 5 minutes
  • ELECTRONPDF_PNG_CAPTURE_DELAY : Amount of millis to wait before invoking WebContents.capturePage for PNG exports; default: 100ms

Command Line Usage

For Ad-hoc conversions, Electron PDF comes with support for a CLI.

To generate a PDF from a HTML file

$ electron-pdf index.html ~/Desktop/index.pdf

To generate a PDF from a Markdown file

$ electron-pdf ~/Desktop/index.pdf

To generate a PDF from a Markdown file with custom CSS (defaults to Github markdown style)

$ electron-pdf index.html ~/Desktop/index.pdf -c my-awesome-css.css

To generate a PDF from a URL

$ electron-pdf ~/Desktop/fraserxu.pdf

Rendering Options

Electron PDF gives you complete control of how the BrowserWindow should be configured, and when the window contents should be captured.

To specify browser options

The BrowserWindow supports many options which you may define by passing a JSON Object to the --browserConfig option.

Some common use cases may include:

  • height and width - electron-pdf calculates the browser height and width based off of the dimensions of PDF page size multiplied by the HTML standard of 96 pixels/inch. So only set these values if you need to override this behavior
  • show - to display the browser window during generation
$ electron-pdf ~/Desktop/fraserxu.pdf --browserConfig '{"show":true}'

To generate a PDF after the an async task in the HTML

electron-pdf ./index.html ~/Desktop/README.pdf -e

In your application, at the point which the view is ready for rendering

document.body.dispatchEvent(new Event('view-ready'))

Warning: It is possible that your application will be ready and emit the event before the main electron process has had a chance execute the javascript in the renderer process which listens for this event.

If you are finding that the event is not effective and your page waits until the full timeout has occurred, then you should use setInterval to emit the event until it is acknowledged like so:

  var eventEmitInterval = setInterval(function () {
    document.body.dispatchEvent(new Event('view-ready'))
  }, 25)
  document.body.addEventListener('view-ready-acknowledged', function(){

When the main process first receives your ready event it will emit a single acknowlegement on document.body with whatever event name you are using suffixed with -acknowledged. So the default would be view-ready-acknowledged

Observing your own event

If the page you are rending is under your control, and you wish to modify the behavior of the rendering process you can use a CustomEvent and an observer that will be triggered after the view is ready but before it is captured.

document.body.dispatchEvent(new CustomEvent('view-ready', { detail: {layout: landscape} }))

You are required to provide a function that accepts the detail object from the CustomEvent and returns a Promise. You may optionally fulfill the promise with and object that will amend/override any of the contextual attributes assigned to resource (url) currently being exported.

As an example, suppose you wanted to change the orientation of the PDF, and capture the output as PNG instead of a PDF.

job.observeReadyEvent( (detail) => {
    return new Promise( (resolve,reject) => {
      const context = {}
      if( detail && detail.landscape ){
        job.changeArgValue('landscape', true)
        context.type = 'png'

Note: Future versions of the library will only allow you to provide context overrides, and not allow you to change job level attributes.

All Available Options

Electron PDF exposes the printToPDF settings (i.e. pageSize, orientation, margins, etc.) available from the Electron API. See the following options for usage.

  A command line tool to generate PDF from URL, HTML or Markdown files

    --help                     Show this help
    --version                  Current version of package
    -i | --input               String - The path to the HTML file or url
    -o | --output              String - The path of the output PDF
    -b | --printBackground     Boolean - Whether to print CSS backgrounds.
    --acceptLanguage           String - A valid value for the 'Accept-Language' http request header
    --browserConfig            String - A valid JSON String that will be parsed into the options passed to electron.BrowserWindow
    -c | --css                 String - The path to custom CSS (can be specified more than once)
    -d | --disableCache        Disable HTTP caching
                                 false - default
    -e | --waitForJSEvent      String - The name of the event to wait before PDF creation
                                 'view-ready' - default
    -l | --landscape           Boolean - true for landscape, false for portrait (don't pass a string on the CLI, just the `-l` flag)
                                 false - default
    -m | --marginsType         Integer - Specify the type of margins to use
                                 0 - default margins
                                 1 - no margins (electron-pdf default setting)
                                 2 - minimum margins
    --noprint                  Boolean - Do not run printToPDF, useful if the page downloads a file that needs captured instead of a PDF.  
                                         The Electron `win.webContents.session.on('will-download')` event will be implemented 
                                         and the file saved to the location provided in `--output`.
                                         Currently only supports a single import url.
                                         The page is responsible for initiating the download itself.
    -p | --pageSize            String - Can be A3, A4, A5, Legal, Letter, Tabloid or an Object containing height and width in microns
                                 "A4" - default
    -r | --requestHeaders      String - A valid JSON String that will be parsed into an Object where each key/value pair is: <headerName>: <headerValue>
                                 Example: '{"Authorization": "Bearer token", "X-Custom-Header": "Hello World"}'  
    -s | --printSelectionOnly  Boolean - Whether to print selection only
                                 false - default
    -t | --trustRemoteContent  Boolean - Whether to trust remote content loaded in the Electron webview.  False by default.
    --type                     String - The type of export, will dictate the output file type.  'png': PNG image, anything else: PDF File
    -w | --outputWait          Integer – Time to wait (in MS) between page load and PDF creation.  
                                         If used in conjunction with -e this will override the default timeout of 10 seconds    
    --ignoreCertificateErrors  Boolean - If true, all certificate errors thrown by Electron will be ignored.  This can be used to accept self-signed and untrusted certificates.  You should be aware of the security implications of setting this flag.
                             false - default

Find more information on Electron Security here.



If you have a Sentry account and setup a new app to get a new DSN, you can set a SENTRY_DSN environment variable which will activate sentry logs. See lib/sentry.js for implementation details.

This will allow you to easily see/monitor errors that are occuring inside of the Chromium renderer (browser window). It also automatically integrates with Electron's Crash Reporter

CLI Usage

You can see some additional logging (if you're getting errors or unexpected output) by setting DEBUG=electron* For example: DEBUG=electron* electron-pdf <input> <output> -l

    $ electron-pdf <input> <output>
    $ electron-pdf <input> <output> -l

    $ electron-pdf ~/Desktop/fraserxu.pdf
    $ electron-pdf ./index.html ~/Desktop/index.pdf
    $ electron-pdf ./ ~/Desktop/README.pdf -l
    $ electron-pdf ./ ~/Desktop/README.pdf -l -c my-awesome-css.css

Inspired by electron-mocha

Other Formats

Want to use the same options, but export to PNG or snapshot the rendered HTML? Just set the output filename to end in .png or .html instead!

    $ electron-pdf ~/Desktop/fraserxu.pdf
    $ electron-pdf ~/Desktop/fraserxu.html
    $ electron-pdf ~/Desktop/fraserxu.png


If you need powerpoint support, pdf-powerpoint picks up where Electron PDF leaves off by converting each page in the PDF to a PNG and placing them on individual slides.




npm i electron-pdf

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