node package manager

ejs

Embedded JavaScript templates

EJS

Embedded JavaScript templates

$ npm install ejs
  • Control flow with <% %>
  • Escaped output with <%= %> (escape function configurable)
  • Unescaped raw output with <%- %>
  • Newline-trim mode ('newline slurping') with -%> ending tag
  • Whitespace-trim mode (slurp all whitespace) for control flow with <%_ _%>
  • Custom delimiters (e.g., use <? ?> instead of <% %>)
  • Includes
  • Client-side support
  • Static caching of intermediate JavaScript
  • Static caching of templates
  • Complies with the Express view system
<% if (user) { %>
  <h2><%= user.name %></h2>
<% } %>

Try EJS online at: https://ionicabizau.github.io/ejs-playground/.

var template = ejs.compile(str, options);
template(data);
// => Rendered HTML string 
 
ejs.render(str, data, options);
// => Rendered HTML string 
 
ejs.renderFile(filename, data, options, function(err, str){
    // str => Rendered HTML string 
});

It is also possible to use ejs.render(dataAndOptions); where you pass everything in a single object. In that case, you'll end up with local variables for all the passed options. However, be aware that your code could break if we add an option with the same name as one of your data object's properties. Therefore, we do not recommend using this shortcut.

  • cache Compiled functions are cached, requires filename
  • filename The name of the file being rendered. Not required if you are using renderFile(). Used by cache to key caches, and for includes.
  • root Set project root for includes with an absolute path (/file.ejs).
  • context Function execution context
  • compileDebug When false no debug instrumentation is compiled
  • client When true, compiles a function that can be rendered in the browser without needing to load the EJS Runtime (ejs.min.js).
  • delimiter Character to use with angle brackets for open/close
  • debug Output generated function body
  • strict When set to true, generated function is in strict mode
  • _with Whether or not to use with() {} constructs. If false then the locals will be stored in the locals object. Set to false in strict mode.
  • localsName Name to use for the object storing local variables when not using with Defaults to locals
  • rmWhitespace Remove all safe-to-remove whitespace, including leading and trailing whitespace. It also enables a safer version of -%> line slurping for all scriptlet tags (it does not strip new lines of tags in the middle of a line).
  • escape The escaping function used with <%= construct. It is used in rendering and is .toString()ed in the generation of client functions. (By default escapes XML).

This project uses JSDoc. For the full public API documentation, clone the repository and run npm run doc. This will run JSDoc with the proper options and output the documentation to out/. If you want the both the public & private API docs, run npm run devdoc instead.

  • <% 'Scriptlet' tag, for control-flow, no output
  • <%_ 'Whitespace Slurping' Scriptlet tag, strips all whitespace before it
  • <%= Outputs the value into the template (escaped)
  • <%- Outputs the unescaped value into the template
  • <%# Comment tag, no execution, no output
  • <%% Outputs a literal '<%'
  • %%> Outputs a literal '%>'
  • %> Plain ending tag
  • -%> Trim-mode ('newline slurp') tag, trims following newline
  • _%> 'Whitespace Slurping' ending tag, removes all whitespace after it

For the full syntax documentation, please see docs/syntax.md.

Includes either have to be an absolute path, or, if not, are assumed as relative to the template with the include call. For example if you are including ./views/user/show.ejs from ./views/users.ejs you would use <%- include('user/show') %>.

You must specify the filename option for the template with the include call unless you are using renderFile().

You'll likely want to use the raw output tag (<%-) with your include to avoid double-escaping the HTML output.

<ul>
  <% users.forEach(function(user){ %>
    <%- include('user/show', {user: user}) %>
  <% }); %>
</ul>

Includes are inserted at runtime, so you can use variables for the path in the include call (for example <%- include(somePath) %>). Variables in your top-level data object are available to all your includes, but local variables need to be passed down.

NOTE: Include preprocessor directives (<% include user/show %>) are still supported.

Custom delimiters can be applied on a per-template basis, or globally:

var ejs = require('ejs'),
    users = ['geddy', 'neil', 'alex'];
 
// Just one template 
ejs.render('<?= users.join(" | "); ?>', {users: users}, {delimiter: '?'});
// => 'geddy | neil | alex' 
 
// Or globally 
ejs.delimiter = '$';
ejs.render('<$= users.join(" | "); $>', {users: users});
// => 'geddy | neil | alex' 

EJS ships with a basic in-process cache for caching the intermediate JavaScript functions used to render templates. It's easy to plug in LRU caching using Node's lru-cache library:

var ejs = require('ejs')
  , LRU = require('lru-cache');
ejs.cache = LRU(100); // LRU cache with 100-item limit 

If you want to clear the EJS cache, call ejs.clearCache. If you're using the LRU cache and need a different limit, simple reset ejs.cache to a new instance of the LRU.

EJS does not specifically support blocks, but layouts can be implemented by including headers and footers, like so:

<%- include('header') -%>
<h1>
  Title
</h1>
<p>
  My page
</p>
<%- include('footer') -%>

Go to the Latest Release, download ./ejs.js or ./ejs.min.js. Alternately, you can compile it yourself by cloning the repository and running jake build (or $(npm bin)/jake build if jake is not installed globally).

Include one of these files on your page, and ejs should be available globally.

<div id="output"></div>
<script src="ejs.min.js"></script>
<script>
  var people = ['geddy', 'neil', 'alex'],
      html = ejs.render('<%= people.join(", "); %>', {people: people});
  // With jQuery: 
  $('#output').html(html);
  // Vanilla JS: 
  document.getElementById('output').innerHTML = html;
</script> 

Most of EJS will work as expected; however, there are a few things to note:

  1. Obviously, since you do not have access to the filesystem, ejs.renderFile() won't work.
  2. For the same reason, includes do not work unless you use an IncludeCallback. Here is an example:
var str = "Hello <%= include('file', {person: 'John'}); %>",
    fn = ejs.compile(str, {client: true});
 
fn(data, null, function(path, d){ // IncludeCallback 
  // path -> 'file' 
  // d -> {person: 'John'} 
  // Put your code here 
  // Return the contents of file as a string 
}); // returns rendered string 

There are a number of implementations of EJS:

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0)


EJS Embedded JavaScript templates copyright 2112 mde@fleegix.org.