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diagnostics

2.0.2 • Public • Published

diagnostics

Diagnostics in the evolution of debug pattern that is used in the Node.js core,
this extremely small but powerful technique can best be compared as feature flags for loggers. The created debug logger is disabled by default but can be enabled without changing a line of code, using flags.

  • Allows debugging in multiple JavaScript environments such as Node.js, browsers and React-Native.
  • Separated development and production builds to minimize impact on your application when bundled.
  • Allows for customization of logger, messages, and much more.

Output Example

Installation

The module is released in the public npm registry and can be installed by running:

npm install --save diagnostics

Usage

Introduction

To create a new logger simply require the diagnostics module and call the returned function. It accepts 2 arguments:

  1. namespace Required This is the namespace of your logger so we know if we need to enable your logger when a debug flag is used. Generally you use the name of your library or application as first root namespace. For example if you're building a parser in a library (example) you would set namespace example:parser.
  2. options An object with additional configuration for the logger. following keys are recognized:
    • force Force the logger to be enabled.
    • colors Colors are enabled by default for the logs, but you can set this option to false to disable it.
const debug = require('diagnostics')('foo:bar:baz');
const debug = require('diagnostics')('foo:bar:baz', { options });
 
debug('this is a log message %s', 'that will only show up when enabled');
debug('that is pretty neat', { log: 'more', data: 1337 });

Unlike console.log statements that add and remove during your development lifecycle you create meaningful log statements that will give you insight in the library or application that you're developing.

The created debugger uses different "adapters" to extract the debug flag out of the JavaScript environment. To learn more about enabling the debug flag in your specific environment click on one of the enabled adapters below.

Please note that the returned logger is fully configured out of the box, you do not need to set any of the adapters/modifiers your self, they are there for when you want more advanced control over the process. But if you want to learn more about that, read the next section.

Advanced usage

There are 2 specific usage patterns for diagnostic, library developers who implement it as part of their modules and applications developers who either use it in their application or are searching for ways to consume the messages.

With the simple log interface as discussed in the introduction section we make it easy for developers to add it as part of their libraries and applications, and with powerful API we allow infinite customization by allowing custom adapters, loggers and modifiers to ensure that this library maintains relevant. These methods not only allow introduction of new loggers, but allow you think outside the box. For example you can maintain a history of past log messages, and output those when an uncaught exception happens in your application so you have additional context

const diagnostics = require('diagnostics');
 
let index = 0;
const limit = 200;
const history = new Array(limit);
 
//
// Force all `diagnostic` loggers to be enabled.
//
diagnostics.force = process.env.NODE_ENV === 'prod';
diagnostics.set(function customLogger(meta, message) {
  history[index]= { meta, message, now: Date.now() };
  if (index++ === limit) index = 0;
 
  //
  // We're running a development build, so output.
  //
  if (meta.dev) console.log.apply(console, message);
});
 
process.on('uncaughtException', async function (err) {
  await saveErrorToDisk(err, history);
  process.exit(1);
});

The small snippet above will maintain a 200 limited FIFO (First In First Out) queue of all debug messages that can be referenced when your application crashes

Production and development builds

When you require the diagnostics module you will be given a logger that is optimized for development so it can provide the best developer experience possible.

The development logger enables all the adapters for your JavaScript environment, adds a logger that outputs the messages to console.log and registers our message modifiers so log messages will be prefixed with the supplied namespace so you know where the log messages originates from.

The development logger does not have any adapter, modifier and logger enabled by default. This ensures that your log messages never accidentally show up in production. However this does not mean that it's not possible to get debug messages in production. You can force the debugger to be enabled, and supply a custom logger.

const diagnostics = require('diagnostics');
const debug = debug('foo:bar', { force: true });
 
//
// Or enable _every_ diagnostic instance:
//
diagnostics.force = true;
WebPack

WebPack has the concept of mode's which creates different

module.exports = {
  mode: 'development' // 'production'
}

When you are building your app using the WebPack CLI you can use the --mode flag:

webpack --mode=production app.js -o /dist/bundle.js
Node.js

When you are running your app using Node.js you should the NODE_ENV environment variable to production to ensure that you libraries that you import are optimized for production.

NODE_ENV=production node app.js

API

The returned logger exposes some addition properties that can be used used in your application or library:

.enabled

The returned logger will have a .enabled property assigned to it. This boolean can be used to check if the logger was enabled:

const debug = require('diagnostics')('foo:bar');
 
if (debug.enabled) {
  //
  // Do something special
  //
}

This property is exposed as:

  • Property on the logger.
  • Property on the meta/options object.

.namespace

This is the namespace that you originally provided to the function.

const debug = require('diagnostics')('foo:bar');
 
console.log(debug.namespace); // foo:bar

This property is exposed as:

  • Property on the logger.
  • Property on the meta/options object.

.dev/prod

There are different builds available of diagnostics, when you create a production build of your application using NODE_ENV=production you will be given an optimized, smaller build of diagnostics to reduce your bundle size. The dev and prod booleans on the returned logger indicate if you have a production or development version of the logger.

const debug = require('diagnostics')('foo:bar');
 
if (debug.prod) {
  // do stuff
}

This property is exposed as:

  • Property on the logger.
  • Property on the meta/options object.

set

Sets a new logger as default for all diagnostic instances. The passed argument should be a function that write the log messages to where ever you want. It receives 2 arguments:

  1. meta An object with all the options that was provided to the original logger that wants to write the log message as well as properties of the debugger such as prod, dev, namespace, enabled. See API for all exposed properties.
  2. args An array of the log messages that needs to be written.
const debug = require('diagnostics')('foo:more:namespaces');
 
debug.use(function logger(meta, args) {
  console.log(meta);
  console.debug(...args);
});

This method is exposed as:

  • Method on the logger.
  • Method on the meta/options object.
  • Method on diagnostics module.

modify

The modify method allows you add a new message modifier to all diagnostic instances. The passed argument should be a function that returns the passed message after modification. The function receives 2 arguments:

  1. message, Array, the log message.
  2. options, Object, the options that were passed into the logger when it was initially created.
const debug = require('diagnostics')('example:modifiers');
 
debug.modify(function (message, options) {
  return messages;
});

This method is exposed as:

  • Method on the logger.
  • Method on the meta/options object.
  • Method on diagnostics module.

See modifiers for more information.

use

Adds a new adapter to all diagnostic instances. The passed argument should be a function returns a boolean that indicates if the passed in namespace is allowed to write log messages.

const diagnostics = require('diagnostics');
const debug = diagnostics('foo:bar');
 
debug.use(function (namespace) {
  return namespace === 'foo:bar';
});

This method is exposed as:

  • Method on the logger.
  • Method on the meta/options object.
  • Method on diagnostics module.

See adapters for more information.

Modifiers

To be as flexible as possible when it comes to transforming messages we've come up with the concept of modifiers which can enhance the debug messages. This allows you to introduce functionality or details that you find important for debug messages, and doesn't require us to add additional bloat to the diagnostic core.

For example, you want the messages to be prefixed with the date-time of when the log message occured:

const diagnostics = require('diagnostics');
 
diagnostics.modify(function datetime(args, options) {
  args.unshift(new Date());
  return args;
});

Now all messages will be prefixed with date that is outputted by new Date(). The following modifiers are shipped with diagnostics and are enabled in development mode only:

namespace

This modifier is enabled for all debug instances and prefixes the messages with the name of namespace under which it is logged. The namespace is colored using the colorspace module which groups similar namespaces under the same colorspace. You can have multiple namespaces for the debuggers where each namespace should be separated by a :

foo
foo:bar
foo:bar:baz

For console based output the namespace-ansi is used.

Adapters

Adapters allows diagnostics to pull the DEBUG and DIAGNOSTICS environment variables from different sources. Not every JavaScript environment has a process.env that we can leverage. Adapters allows us to have different adapters for different environments. It means you can write your own custom adapter if needed as well.

The adapter function should be passed a function as argument, this function will receive the namespace of a logger as argument and it should return a boolean that indicates if that logger should be enabled or not.

const debug = require('diagnostics')('example:namespace');
 
debug.adapter(require('diagnostics/adapters/localstorage'));

The modifiers are only enabled for development. The following adapters are available are available:

process.env

This adapter is enabled for node.js.

Uses the DEBUG or DIAGNOSTICS (both are recognized) environment variables to pass in debug flag:

UNIX/Linux/Mac

DEBUG=foo* node index.js

Using environment variables on Windows is a bit different, and also depends on toolchain you are using:

Windows

set DEBUG=foo* & node index.js

Powershell

$env:DEBUG='foo*';node index.js

hash

This adapter is enabled for browsers.

This adapter uses the window.location.hash of as source for the environment variables. It assumes that hash is formatted using the same syntax as query strings:

http://example.com/foo/bar#debug=foo*

It triggers on both the debug= and diagnostics= names.

localStorage

This adapter is enabled for browsers.

This adapter uses the localStorage of the browser to store the debug flags. You can set the debug flag your self in your application code, but you can also open browser WebInspector and enable it through the console.

localStorage.setItem('debug', 'foo*');

It triggers on both the debug and diagnostics storage items. (Please note that these keys should be entered in lowercase)

AsyncStorage

This adapter is enabled for react-native.

This adapter uses the AsyncStorage API that is exposed by the react-native library to store and read the debug or diagnostics storage items.

import { AsyncStorage } from 'react-native';
 
AsyncStorage.setItem('debug', 'foo*');

Unlike other adapters, this is the only adapter that is async so that means that we're not able to instantly determine if a created logger should be enabled or disabled. So when a logger is created in react-native we initially assume it's disabled, any message that send during period will be queued internally.

Once we've received the data from the AsyncStorage API we will determine if the logger should be enabled, flush the queued messages if needed and set all enabled properties accordingly on the returned logger.

Loggers

By default it will log all messages to console.log in when the logger is enabled using the debug flag that is set using one of the adapters.

License

MIT

install

npm i diagnostics

Downloadsweekly downloads

1,070,556

version

2.0.2

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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