datadog-metrics
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0.11.1 • Public • Published

datadog-metrics

Buffered metrics reporting via the Datadog HTTP API.

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Datadog-metrics lets you collect application metrics through Datadog's HTTP API. Using the HTTP API has the benefit that you don't need to install the Datadog Agent (StatsD). Just get an API key, install the module and you're ready to go.

The downside of using the HTTP API is that it can negatively affect your app's performance. Datadog-metrics solves this issue by buffering metrics locally and periodically flushing them to Datadog.

Installation

Datadog-metrics is compatible with Node.js v12 and later. You can install it with NPM:

npm install datadog-metrics --save

Example

Save the following into a file named example_app.js:

var metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
metrics.init({ host: 'myhost', prefix: 'myapp.' });

function collectMemoryStats() {
    var memUsage = process.memoryUsage();
    metrics.gauge('memory.rss', memUsage.rss);
    metrics.gauge('memory.heapTotal', memUsage.heapTotal);
    metrics.gauge('memory.heapUsed', memUsage.heapUsed);
};

setInterval(collectMemoryStats, 5000);

Run it:

DATADOG_API_KEY=YOUR_KEY DEBUG=metrics node example_app.js

Tutorial

There's also a longer tutorial that walks you through setting up a monitoring dashboard on Datadog using datadog-metrics.

Usage

Datadog API key

Make sure the DATADOG_API_KEY environment variable is set to your Datadog API key. You can find the API key under Integrations > APIs. You only need to provide the API key, not the APP key. However, you can provide an APP key if you want by setting the DATADOG_APP_KEY environment variable.

Module setup

There are three ways to use this module to instrument an application. They differ in the level of control that they provide.

Use case #1: Just let me track some metrics already!

Just require datadog-metrics and you're ready to go. After that you can call gauge, increment and histogram to start reporting metrics.

var metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
metrics.gauge('mygauge', 42);

Use case #2: I want some control over this thing!

If you want more control you can configure the module with a call to init. Make sure you call this before you use the gauge, increment and histogram functions. See the documentation for init below to learn more.

var metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
metrics.init({ host: 'myhost', prefix: 'myapp.' });
metrics.gauge('mygauge', 42);

Use case #3: Must. Control. Everything.

If you need even more control you can create one or more BufferedMetricsLogger instances and manage them yourself:

var metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
var metricsLogger = new metrics.BufferedMetricsLogger({
    site: 'datadoghq.eu',
    apiKey: 'TESTKEY',
    host: 'myhost',
    prefix: 'myapp.',
    flushIntervalSeconds: 15,
    defaultTags: ['env:staging', 'region:us-east-1'],
    onError (error) {
        console.error('There was an error auto-flushing metrics:', error);
    }
});
metricsLogger.gauge('mygauge', 42);

API

Initialization

metrics.init(options)

Where options is an object and can contain the following:

  • host: Sets the hostname reported with each metric. (optional)
    • Setting a hostname is useful when you're running the same application on multiple machines and you want to track them separately in Datadog.
  • prefix: Sets a default prefix for all metrics. (optional)
    • Use this to namespace your metrics.
  • flushIntervalSeconds: How often to send metrics to Datadog. (optional)
    • This defaults to 15 seconds. Set it to 0 to disable auto-flushing which means you must call flush() manually.
  • site: Sets the Datadog "site", or server where metrics are sent. (optional)
  • apiKey: Sets the Datadog API key. (optional)
    • It's usually best to keep this in an environment variable. Datadog-metrics looks for the API key in DATADOG_API_KEY by default.
  • appKey: Sets the Datadog APP key. (optional)
    • It's usually best to keep this in an environment variable. Datadog-metrics looks for the APP key in DATADOG_APP_KEY by default.
  • defaultTags: Default tags used for all metric reporting. (optional)
    • Set tags that are common to all metrics.
  • onError: A function to call when there are asynchronous errors seding buffered metrics to Datadog. It takes one argument (the error). (optional)
    • If the error was not handled (either by setting this option or by specifying a handler when manually calling flush()), the error will be logged to stdout.
  • histogram: An object with default options for all histograms. This has the same properties as the options object on the histogram() method. Options specified when calling the method are layered on top of this object. (optional)
  • reporter: An object that actually sends the buffered metrics. (optional)
    • There are two built-in reporters you can use:
      1. reporters.DatadogReporter sends metrics to Datadog’s API, and is the default.
      2. reporters.NullReporter throws the metrics away. It’s useful for tests or temporarily disabling your metrics.

Example:

metrics.init({ host: 'myhost', prefix: 'myapp.' });

Disabling metrics using NullReporter:

metrics.init({ host: 'myhost', reporter: metrics.NullReporter() });

Send metrics to a totally different service instead of Datadog:

metrics.init({
  reporter: {
    report(series, onSuccess, onError) {
      // `series` is an array of metrics objects, formatted basically how the
      // Datadog v1 metrics API and v1 distributions API want them.
      fetch('https://my-datadog-like-api.com/series', {
          method: 'POST',
          body: JSON.stringify({ series })
        })
          .then(response => response.json())
          .then(() => onSuccess())
          .catch(onError);
    }
  }
});

Gauges

metrics.gauge(key, value[, tags[, timestamp]])

Record the current value of a metric. The most recent value in a given flush interval will be recorded. Optionally, specify a set of tags to associate with the metric. This should be used for sum values such as total hard disk space, process uptime, total number of active users, or number of rows in a database table. The optional timestamp is in milliseconds since 1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 UTC, e.g. from Date.now().

Example:

metrics.gauge('test.mem_free', 23);

Counters

metrics.increment(key[, value[, tags[, timestamp]]])

Increment the counter by the given value (or 1 by default). Optionally, specify a list of tags to associate with the metric. This is useful for counting things such as incrementing a counter each time a page is requested. The optional timestamp is in milliseconds since 1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 UTC, e.g. from Date.now().

Example:

metrics.increment('test.requests_served');
metrics.increment('test.awesomeness_factor', 10);

Histograms

metrics.histogram(key, value[, tags[, timestamp[, options]]])

Sample a histogram value. Histograms will produce metrics that describe the distribution of the recorded values, namely the minimum, maximum, average, median, count and the 75th, 85th, 95th and 99th percentiles. Optionally, specify a list of tags to associate with the metric. The optional timestamp is in milliseconds since 1 Jan 1970 00:00:00 UTC, e.g. from Date.now().

Example:

metrics.histogram('test.service_time', 0.248);

You can also specify an options object to adjust which aggregations and percentiles should be calculated. For example, to only calculate an average, count, and 99th percentile:

metrics.histogram('test.service_time', 0.248, ['tag:value'], Date.now(), {
    // Aggregates can include 'max', 'min', 'sum', 'avg', 'median', or 'count'.
    aggregates: ['avg', 'count'],
    // Percentiles can include any decimal between 0 and 1.
    percentiles: [0.99]
});

Distributions

metrics.distribution(key, value[, tags[, timestamp]])

Send a distribution value. Distributions are similar to histograms (they create several metrics for count, average, percentiles, etc.), but they are calculated server-side on Datadog’s systems. This is much higher-overhead than histograms, and the individual calculations made from it have to be configured on the Datadog website instead of in the options for this package.

You should use this in environments where you have many instances of your application running in parallel, or instances constantly starting and stopping with different hostnames or identifiers and tagging each one separately is not feasible. AWS Lambda or serverless functions are a great example of this. In such environments, you also might want to use a distribution instead of increment or gauge (if you have two instances of your app sending those metrics at the same second, and they are not tagged differently or have different host names, one will overwrite the other — distributions will not).

Example:

metrics.distribution('test.service_time', 0.248);

Flushing

metrics.flush([onSuccess[, onError]])

Calling flush sends any buffered metrics to Datadog. Unless you set flushIntervalSeconds to 0 it won't be necessary to call this function.

It can be useful to trigger a manual flush by calling if you want to make sure pending metrics have been sent before you quit the application process, for example.

Logging

Datadog-metrics uses the debug library for logging at runtime. You can enable debug logging by setting the DEBUG environment variable when you run your app.

Example:

DEBUG=metrics node app.js

Tests

npm test

Release History

  • 0.11.1 (2023-09-28)

    Fixes & Maintenance:

    • Resolve a deprecation warning from the underlying datadog-api-client library. This also updates the minimum required version of that library. (Thanks to @acatalucci-synth & @fcsonline in #112.)

    View diff

  • 0.11.0 (2022-02-21)

    New Features:

    • Built-in TypeScript definitions. If you use TypeScript, you no longer need to install separate type definitions from @types/datadog-metrics — they’re now built-in. Please make sure to remove @types/datadog-metrics from your dev dependencies.

      Even if you’re writing regular JavaScript, you should now see better autocomplete suggestions and documentation in editors that support TypeScript definitions (e.g. VisualStudio Code, WebStorm).

    Breaking Changes:

    • datadog-metrics now uses modern class syntax internally. In most cases, you shouldn’t need to change anything. However, if you are calling BufferedMetricsLogger.apply(...) or BufferedMetricsLogger.call(...), you’ll need to change your code to use new BufferedMetricsLogger(...) instead.

    Deprecated Features:

    • The apiHost option has been renamed to site so that it matches up with Datadog docs and official packages. The old apiHost name still works for now, but will be removed in the future.

    • The reporters.DataDogReporter class has been renamed to reporters.DatadogReporter (lower-case D in "dog") so that it correctly matches Datadog’s actual name. The old name still works, but will be removed in the future.

    View diff

  • 0.10.2 (2022-10-14)

    This release includes several new features and bugfixes!

    New Features:

    • Support for distribution metrics. You can now send distributions to Datadog by doing:

      const metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
      metrics.distribution('my.metric.name', 3.8, ['tags:here']);

      Distributions are similar to histograms (they create several metrics for count, average, percentiles, etc.), but they are calculated server-side on Datadog’s systems. For more details and guidance on when to use them, see:

      (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)

    • Add an onError option for handling asynchronous errors while flushing buffered metrics. You can use this to get details on an error or to send error info to a tracking service like Sentry.io:

      const metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
      metrics.init({
          onError (error) {
              console.error('There was an error sending to Datadog:', error);
          }
      });
    • The built-in reporter classes are now available for you to use. If you need to disable the metrics library for some reason, you can now do so with:

      const metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
      metrics.init({
          reporter: new metrics.reporters.NullReporter(),
      });

      (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)

    • Add an option for setting histogram defaults. In v0.10.0, the histogram() function gained the ability to set what aggregations and percentiles it generates with a final options argument. You can now specify a histogram option for init() or BufferedMetricsLogger in order to set default options for all calls to histogram(). Any options you set in the actual histogram() call will layer on top of the defaults:

      const metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
      metrics.init({
          histogram: {
              aggregations: ['sum', 'avg'],
              percentiles: [0.99]
          }
      });
      
      // Acts as if the options had been set to:
      // { aggregations: ['sum', 'avg'], percentiles: [0.99] }
      metrics.histogram('my.metric.name', 3.8);
      
      // Acts as if the options had been set to:
      // { aggregations: ['sum', 'avg'], percentiles: [0.5, 0.95] }
      metrics.histogram('my.metric.name', 3.8, [], Date.now(), {
          percentiles: [0.5, 0.95]
      });

      (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)

    • Add a .median aggregation for histograms. When you log a histogram metric, it ultimately creates several metrics that track the minimum value, average value, maximum value, etc. There is now one that tracks the median value. StatsD creates the same metric from histograms, so you may find this useful if transitioning from StatsD. (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)

    • This package no longer locks specific versions of its dependencies (instead, your package manager can choose any version that is compatible). This may help when deduplicating packages for faster installs or smaller bundles. (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)

    Bug Fixes:

    • Don’t use unref() on timers in non-Node.js environments. This is a step towards browser compatibility, although we are not testing browser-based usage yet. (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)
    • The apiHost option was broken in v0.10.0 and now works again. (Thanks to @Mr0grog and @npeters.)
    • Creating a second instance of BufferedMetricsLogger will not longer change the credentials used by previously created BufferedMetricsLogger instances. (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)

    Internal Updates:

    • Renamed the default branch in this repo to main. (Thanks to @dbader.)
    • Use GitHub actions for continuous integration. (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)
    • Code style cleanup. (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)
    • When flushing, send each metric with its own list of tags. This helps mitigate subtle errors where a change to one metric’s tags may affect others. (Thanks to @Mr0grog.)

    View diff

  • 0.10.1 (2022-09-11)

    • FIX: bug in 0.10.0 where @datadog/datadog-api-client was not used correctly. (Thanks to @gquinteros93)
    • View diff
  • 0.10.0 (2022-09-08)

    • Breaking change: we now use Datadog’s official @datadog/datadog-api-client package to send metrics to Datadog. This makes datadog-metrics usable with Webpack, but removes the agent option. If you were using this option and the new library does not provide a way to meet your needs, please let us know by filing an issue! (Thanks to @thatguychrisw)

    • You can now customize what metrics are generated by a histogram. When logging a histogram metric, the 5th argument is an optional object with information about which aggregations and percentiles to create metrics for:

      const metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
      metrics.histogram('my.metric.name', 3.8, [], Date.now(), {
          // Aggregates can include 'max', 'min', 'sum', 'avg', or 'count'.
          aggregations: ['max', 'min', 'sum', 'avg', 'count'],
          // Percentiles can include any decimal between 0 and 1.
          percentiles: [0.75, 0.85, 0.95, 0.99]
      });

      (Thanks to @gquinteros93.)

    • INTERNAL: Clean up continuous integration on TravisCI. (Thanks to @ErikBoesen.)

    • View diff

  • 0.9.3 (2021-03-22)

    • INTERNAL: Update dogapi and jshint to their latest versions. (Thanks to @ErikBoesen.)
    • View diff
  • 0.9.2 (2021-03-14)

    • Expose new apiHost option on init() and BufferedMetricsLogger constructor. This makes it possible to actually configure the Datadog site to submit metrics to. For example, you can now submit metrics to Datadog’s Europe servers with:

      const metrics = require('datadog-metrics');
      metrics.init({
          apiHost: 'datadoghq.eu'
      });

      (Thanks to @ErikBoesen.)

    • View diff

  • 0.9.1 (2021-02-19)

    • FIX: Add default Datadog site. (Thanks to @ErikBoesen.)
    • View diff
  • 0.9.0 (2021-02-10)

    • Clean up continuous integration tooling on TravisCI. (Thanks to @rpelliard.)
    • Correct “Datadog” throughout the documentation. It turns out there’s not supposed to be a captial D in the middle. (Thanks to @dbenamy.)
    • INTERNAL: Add internal support for submitting metrics to different Datadog sites (e.g. datadoghq.eu for Europe). (Thanks to @fermelone.)
    • View diff
  • 0.8.2 (2020-11-16)

    • Added @ErikBoesen as a maintainer!
    • INTERNAL: Update dogapi version.
    • INTERNAL: Validate the onSuccess callback in NullReporter. (Thanks to @dkMorlok.)
    • View diff
  • 0.8.1

    • FIX: don't increment count when value is 0 (Thanks to @haspriyank)
  • 0.8.0

    • allow passing in custom https agent (Thanks to @flovilmart)
  • 0.7.0

    • update metric type counter to count as counter is deprecated by Datadog (Thanks to @dustingibbs)
  • 0.6.1

  • 0.6.0

    • FIX: call onSuccess on flush even if buffer is empty (Thanks to @mousavian)
  • 0.5.0

    • ADD: ability to set custom timestamps (Thanks to @ronny)
    • FIX: 0 as valid option for flushIntervalSeconds (thanks to @dkMorlok)
  • 0.4.0

    • ADD: Initialize with a default set of tags (thanks to @spence)
  • 0.3.0

    • FIX: Don't overwrite metrics with the same key but different tags when aggregating them (Thanks @akrylysov and @RavivIsraeli!)
    • ADD: Add success/error callbacks to metrics.flush() (Thanks @akrylysov!)
    • ADD: Allow Datadog APP key to be configured (Thanks @gert-fresh!)
    • Bump dependencies to latest
    • Update docs
  • 0.2.1

    • Update docs (module code remains unchanged)
  • 0.2.0

    • API redesign
    • Remove setDefaultXYZ() and added init()
  • 0.1.1

    • Allow increment to be called with a default value of 1
  • 0.1.0

    • The first proper release
    • Rename counter to increment
  • 0.0.0

    • Work in progress

Meta

This module is heavily inspired by the Python dogapi module.

Daniel Bader – @dbader_orgmail@dbader.org

Distributed under the MIT license. See LICENSE for more information.

https://github.com/dbader/node-datadog-metrics

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  • mr0grog
  • csabapalfi
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