# d3-regression

Calculate statistical regressions from two-dimensional data.

## Installing

If you use NPM, `npm install d3-regression`

. Otherwise, download the latest release. AMD, CommonJS, and vanilla environments are supported. In vanilla, a d3 global is exported:

```
<script src="https://unpkg.com/d3-regression@1.3.10/dist/d3-regression.min.js"></script>
<script>
const regression = d3.regressionLinear()
.x(d => d.x)
.y(d => d.y)
.domain([0, 100]);
</script>
```

## API Reference

# d3.**regressionLinear**() · Source, Example

Creates a new linear regression generator with default *x*- and *y*- accessors and a null domain.

Computes the linear regression, which takes the form *y* = *ax* + *b*, for the specified *data* points, ignoring points with invalid values (null, undefined, NaN, Infinity).

Returns a line represented as an array of two points, where each point is an array of two numbers representing the point's coordinates.

Also returns properties *a* and *b*, representing the equation's coefficients, and *rSquared*, representing the coefficient of determination. Lastly, returns a *predict* property, which is a function that outputs a *y*-coordinate given an input *x*-coordinate.

If *x* is specified, sets the *x*-coordinate accessor, which is passed passed the current datum (*d*), the current index (*i*), and the entire data array (*data*). If *x* is not specified, returns the current *x*-coordinate accessor, which defaults to:

```
function x(d, i, data) {
return d[0];
}
```

If *y* is specified, sets the *y*-coordinate accessor, which is passed passed the current datum (*d*), the current index (*i*), and the entire data array (*data*). If *y* is not specified, returns the current *y*-coordinate accessor, which defaults to:

```
function y(d, i, data) {
return d[1];
}
```

# *linear*.**domain**([*domain*]) · Source

If *domain* is specified, sets the minimum and maximum *x*-coordinates of the returned line to the specified array of numbers. The array must contain two elements. If the elements in the given array are not numbers, they will be coerced to numbers. If *domain* is not specified, returns a copy of the regression generator’s current domain.

If data is passed to the regression generator before a *domain* has been specified, the domain will be set to the minimum and maximum *x*-coordinate values of the data.

# d3.**regressionExp**() · Source, Example

Creates a new exponential regression generator with default *x*- and *y*- accessors and a null domain.

Computes the exponential regression, which takes the form *y* = *ae*^{bx}, for the specified *data* points, ignoring points with invalid values (null, undefined, NaN, Infinity).

Returns a smooth line represented as an array of points, where each point is an array of two numbers representing the point's coordinates.

Also returns properties *a* and *b*, representing the equation's coefficients, and *rSquared*, representing the coefficient of determination. Lastly, returns a *predict* property, which is a function that outputs a *y*-coordinate given an input *x*-coordinate.

See *linear*.x().

See *linear*.y().

# *exp*.**domain**([*domain*]) · Source

See *linear*.domain().

# d3.**regressionLog**() · Source, Example

Creates a new logarithmic regression generator with default *x*- and *y*- accessors and a null domain.

Computes the logarithmic regression, which takes the form *y* = *a* · ln(*x*) + *b*, for the specified *data* points, ignoring points with invalid values (null, undefined, NaN, Infinity).

Returns a smooth line represented as an array of points, where each point is an array of two numbers representing the point's coordinates.

Also returns properties *a* and *b*, representing the equation's coefficients, and *rSquared*, representing the coefficient of determination. Lastly, returns a *predict* property, which is a function that outputs a *y*-coordinate given an input *x*-coordinate.

See *linear*.x().

See *linear*.y().

# *log*.**domain**([*domain*]) · Source

See *linear*.domain().

If *base* is specified, sets the base of the logarithmic regression. If *base* is not specified, returns the current base, which defaults to Euler's number.

# d3.**regressionQuad**() · Source, Example

Creates a new quadratic regression generator with default *x*- and *y*- accessors and a null domain.

Computes the quadratic regression, which takes the form *y* = *ax*^{2} + *bx* + *c*, for the specified *data* points, ignoring points with invalid values (null, undefined, NaN, Infinity).

Returns a smooth line represented as an array of points, where each point is an array of two numbers representing the point's coordinates.

Also returns properties *a*, *b*, and c, representing the equation's coefficients, and *rSquared*, representing the coefficient of determination. Lastly, returns a *predict* property, which is a function that outputs a *y*-coordinate given an input *x*-coordinate.

See *linear*.x().

See *linear*.y().

# *quad*.**domain**([*domain*]) · Source

See *linear*.domain().

# d3.**regressionPoly**() · Source, Example

Creates a new polynomial regression generator with default *x*- and *y*- accessors, a null domain, and an order of 3. This implementation was adapted from regression-js.

Computes the polynomial regression, which takes the form *y* = *a _{n}x^{n}* + ... +

*a*

_{1}

*x*+

*a*

_{0}, for the specified

*data*points, ignoring points with invalid values (null, undefined, NaN, Infinity).

Also returns three properties: *coefficients*, an array representing the equation's coefficients with the intercept as the first item and nth degree coefficient as the last item; *rSquared*, representing the coefficient of determination; and *predict*, a function that outputs a *y*-coordinate given an input *x*-coordinate.

See *linear*.x().

See *linear*.y().

# *poly*.**domain**([*domain*]) · Source

See *linear*.domain().

# *poly*.**order**([*order*]) · Source

If *order* is specified, sets the regression's order to the specified number. For example, if *order* is set to 4, the regression generator will perform a fourth-degree polynomial regression. Likewise, if *order* is set to 2, the regression generator will perform a quadratic regression. Be careful about attempting to fit your data with higher order polynomials; though the regression line will fit your data with a high determination coefficient, it may have little predictive power for data outside of your domain.

If *order* is not specified, returns the regression generator's current *order*, which defaults to 3.

# d3.**regressionPow**() · Source, Example

Creates a new power law regression generator with default *x*- and *y*- accessors and a null domain.

Computes the power law regression, which takes the form *y* = *a**x*^{b}, for the specified *data* points, ignoring points with invalid values (null, undefined, NaN, Infinity).

*a* and *b*, representing the equation's coefficients, and *rSquared*, representing the coefficient of determination. Lastly, returns a *predict* property, which is a function that outputs a *y*-coordinate given an input *x*-coordinate.

See *linear*.x().

See *linear*.y().

# *pow*.**domain**([*domain*]) · Source

See *linear*.domain().

# d3.**regressionLoess**() · Source, Example

Creates a new LOESS regression generator with default *x*- and *y*- accessors and a bandwidth of .3. This implementation was adapted from science.js.

Computes the LOESS regression for the specified *data* points, ignoring points with invalid values (null, undefined, NaN, Infinity).

Returns a line represented as an array of *n* points, where each point is an array of two numbers representing the point's coordinates.

See *linear*.x().

See *linear*.y().

# *loess*.**bandwidth**([*bandwidth*]) · Source

If *bandwidth* is specified, sets the LOESS regression's bandwidth, or smoothing parameter, to the specific number between 0 and 1. The bandwidth represents the share of the total data points that are used to calculate each local fit. Higher bandwidths produce smoother lines, and vice versa. If *bandwidth* is not specified, returns a copy of the regression generator’s current bandwidth, which defaults to .3.