cypress-routines

1.0.3 • Public • Published


Easily write scalable Node.js setup code for Cypress


cypress-routines

Motivation

cy.task() allows Cypress users to run code in a Node.js process. However, all Cypress tasks run in a global namespace and as your app and number of different test setups grow, relying on cy.task() for test setups can become hard to maintain.

cypress-routines enables you to organize your test setups neatly per spec-file. Routines run in Node.js, so you can easily access things like databases and file systems in your test setups.

Screencast

cypress-routines screencast
Using cypress-routines to write and organize test setups that run in Node.js

Installation

1. Install cypress-routines

# With yarn: 
yarn add cypress-routines --dev
 
# With npm: 
npm install cypress-routines --save-dev

2. Require plugin-file

In cypress/plugins/index.js:

module.exports = async (on, config) => {
    const db = await connectDb() // 👈 Example
 
    // After `on, config`, you can pass e.g. db    👇
    require('cypress-routines/plugin')(on, config, db)
}

3. Require support-file

In cypress/support/index.js:

require('cypress-routines/support')

4. Ignore *.routines.js

In cypress.json:

{
    "ignoreTestFiles": ["*.routines.js"]
}

Usage guide

Where do I put my routines?

Routines live next to their respective spec-file:

cypress/
    integration/
        login.spec.js
        login.routines.js
        signup.spec.js
        signup.routines.js

You can also define global routines.

Writing routines

A routines-file is a simple node.js module that exports a factory-function that returns an object with functions ("routines") attached to it:

// cypress/integration/login.routines.js
 
function loginRoutines(db) {
    return {
        createUser(user) {
            await db.collection('users').insertOne(user)
 
            return user
        }
    }
}
 
module.exports = loginRoutines

The return-value of the routine will be accessible from the spec-file in the browser context, so it must be JSON-serializable.

The createUser routine from login.routines.js can be used from login.spec.js like so:

cy.routine('createUser', { email: '...' }).then(() => {
    // ...
})

Giving routines access to the database

In your Cypress plugin-file, pass the db (or any other parameters you like) after on, config to the function that's required as cypress-routines/plugin.

// cypress/plugin/index.js
 
module.exports = async (on, config) => {
    const db = await connectDb()
 
    // All arguments after `on, config` are passed along
    // to the routine-factories. In this case, we're passing
    // `db` so that every routines-file can access the db
    // if it needs to.
    require('cypress-routines/plugin')(on, config, db, param2, param3 /* etc. */)
}

The factory-functions in your routines files now have access to those params.

// cypress/integration/login.routines.js
 
function loginRoutines(db, param2, param3 /* etc. */) {
    return {
        // ...
    }
}
 
module.exports = loginRoutines

Calling routines

Routines are called with cy.routine(routineName: string, routineArg?: any). A routine can optionally take a single argument (must be JSON-serializable).

// cypress/integration/login.spec.js
 
it('logs in the user', function () {
    const routineArg = {
        email: 'max@maxschmitt.me',
        hashedPassword: hashPassword('123456'),
    }
 
    cy.routine('createUser', routineArg).then(() => {
        cy.visit('login')
        // ...
    })
})

a.spec.js, can only call routines defined in a.routines.js (not b.routines.js).

cy.routine(), like other Cypress commands, is asynchronous but cannot be used with async/await. Read here for more info on async commands.

Sharing routines across spec-files

Routines are scoped to their spec-files. For 95% of cases, this is what you want because it introduces clean separations between test-setups and makes it easy to find a routine that is used in a certain spec-file.

In some cases, you might want to reuse certain routines. There are two options for this:

  • Global routines
  • Sharing routine functions

Global routines

Global routines can be defined in cypress/integration/global-routines.js. The global routines-file looks like any other routines-file:

// cypress/global-routines.js
 
function globalRoutines(db) {
    return {
        async createDefaultUser() {
            const defaultUser = {
                email: 'maximilian.schmitt@googlemail.com',
                hashedPassword: hashPassword('123456'),
            }
 
            await db.collection('users').insertOne(defaultUser)
 
            return defaultUser
        },
    }
}
 
module.exports = globalRoutines

Global routines are called like regular routines, but with a leading '/':

// cypress/integration/login.spec.js
 
it('logs in the user', function () {
    //         👇 Leading '/'
    cy.routine('/createDefaultUser').then((testUser) => {
        cy.visit('login')
        // ...
    })
})

Sharing routine functions

You can always require other routines-files from any routines-file. You can then re-use and re-export functions with normal JavaScript:

// cypress/integration/login.routines.js
 
// Either export an entire other routines-file:
module.exports = require('./homepage.routines.js')
 
// Or export single functions:
module.exports = (db) => {
    const homepageRoutines = require('./homepage.routines.js')(db)
 
    return {
        createUser: homepageRoutines.createUser,
    }
}

Readme

Keywords

none

Package Sidebar

Install

npm i cypress-routines

Weekly Downloads

217

Version

1.0.3

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

184 kB

Total Files

9

Last publish

Collaborators

  • maximilianschmitt