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css-mqpacker

CSS MQPacker

Pack same CSS media query rules into one using PostCSS

SYNOPSIS

A well componentized CSS file may have same media queries that can merge:

.foo {
  width: 240px;
}
 
@media screen and (min-width: 768px) {
  .foo {
    width: 576px;
  }
}
 
.bar {
  width: 160px;
}
 
@media screen and (min-width: 768px) {
  .bar {
    width: 384px;
  }
}

This PostCSS plugin packs exactly same media queries:

.foo {
  width: 240px;
}
 
.bar {
  width: 160px;
}
 
@media screen and (min-width: 768px) {
  .foo {
    width: 576px;
  }
  .bar {
    width: 384px;
  }
}

INSTALL

$ npm install css-mqpacker

USAGE

Of course, this package can be used as PostCSS plugin:

#!/usr/bin/env node
 
"use strict";
 
const fs = require("fs");
const postcss = require("postcss");
 
postcss([
  require("autoprefixer-core")(),
  require("css-mqpacker")()
]).process(fs.readFileSync("from.css", "utf8")).then(function (result) {
  console.log(result.css);
});

It is a recommended way to use this tool.

As standard Node.js package

This package is also a Node.js module. For exmaple, you can read from.css, process its content, and output processed CSS to STDOUT:

#!/usr/bin/env node
 
"use strict";
 
const fs = require("fs");
const mqpacker = require("css-mqpacker");
 
cosole.log(mqpacker.pack(fs.readFileSync("from.css", "utf8"), {
  from: "from.css",
  map: {
    inline: false
  },
  to: "to.css"
}).css);

As CLI Program

This package also installs a command line interface.

$ node ./node_modules/.bin/mqpacker --help
Usage: mqpacker [options] INPUT [OUTPUT]

Description:
  Pack same CSS media query rules into one using PostCSS

Options:
  -s, --sort       Sort “min-width” queries.
      --sourcemap  Create source map file.
  -h, --help       Show this message.
      --version    Print version information.

Use a single dash for INPUT to read CSS from standard input.

Examples:
  $ mqpacker fragmented.css
  $ mqpacker fragmented.css > packed.css

When PostCSS failed to parse INPUT, CLI shows a CSS parse error in GNU error format instead of Node.js stack trace.

The --sort option does not currently support a custom function.

If you install this package in global, CLI will be available somewhere in the $PATH.

OPTIONS

sort

By default, CSS MQPacker pack and order media queries as they are defined (the “first win” algorithm). If you want to sort media queries automatically, pass sort: true to this module.

postcss([
  mqpacker({
    sort: true
  })
]).process(css);

Currently, this option only supports min-width queries with specific units (ch, em, ex, px, and rem). If you want to do more, you need to create your own sorting function and pass it to this module like this:

postcss([
  mqpacker({
    sort: function (a, b) {
      return a.localeCompare(b);
    }
  })
]).process(css);

In this example, all your media queries will sort by A-Z order.

This sorting function is directly passed to Array#sort() method of an array of all your media queries.

API

pack(css, [options])

Packs media queries in css.

The second argument is optional. The options are:

You can specify both at the same time.

const fs = require("fs");
const mqpacker = require("css-mqpacker");
 
const result = mqpacker.pack(fs.readFileSync("from.css", "utf8"), {
  from: "from.css",
  map: {
    inline: false
  },
  sort: true,
  to: "to.css"
});
fs.writeFileSync("to.css", result.css);
fs.writeFileSync("to.css.map", result.map);

NOTES

With CSS MQPacker, the processed CSS is always valid CSS, but you and your website user will get unexpected results. This section explains how CSS MQPacker works and what you should keep in mind.

CSS Cascading Order

CSS MQPacker changes rulesets’ order. This means the processed CSS will have an unexpected cascading order. For example:

@media (min-width: 640px) {
  .foo {
    width: 300px;
  }
}
 
.foo {
  width: 400px;
}

Becomes:

.foo {
  width: 400px;
}
 
@media (min-width: 640px) {
  .foo {
    width: 300px;
  }
}

.foo is always 400px with original CSS. With processed CSS, however, .foo is 300px if viewport is wider than 640px.

This does not occur on small project. However, this could occur frequently on large project. For example, if you want to override a CSS framework (like Bootstrap) component declaration, your whole CSS code will be something similar to above example. To avoid this problem, you should pack only CSS you write, and then concaenate with a CSS framework.

The “First Win” Algorithm

CSS MQPacker is implemented with the “first win” algorithm. This means:

.foo {
  width: 10px;
}
 
@media (min-width: 640px) {
  .foo {
    width: 150px;
  }
}
 
.bar {
  width: 20px;
}
 
@media (min-width: 320px) {
  .bar {
    width: 200px;
  }
}
 
@media (min-width: 640px) {
  .bar {
    width: 300px;
  }
}

Becomes:

.foo {
  width: 10px;
}
 
.bar {
  width: 20px;
}
 
@media (min-width: 640px) {
  .foo {
    width: 150px;
  }
  .bar {
    width: 300px;
  }
}
 
@media (min-width: 320px) {
  .bar {
    width: 200px;
  }
}

This breaks cascading order of .bar, and .bar will be displayed in 200px instead of 300px even if a viewport wider than 640px.

I suggest defining a query order on top of your CSS:

@media (min-width: 320px) { /* Wider than 320px */ }
@media (min-width: 640px) { /* Wider than 640px */ }

If you use simple min-width queries only, the sort option can help.

Multiple Classes

CSS MQPacker works only with CSS. This may break CSS applying order to an elements that have multiple classes. For example:

@media (min-width: 320px) {
  .foo {
    width: 100px;
  }
}
 
@media (min-width: 640px) {
  .bar {
    width: 200px;
  }
}
 
@media (min-width: 320px) {
  .baz {
    width: 300px;
  }
}

Becomes:

@media (min-width: 320px) {
  .foo {
    width: 100px;
  }
  .baz {
    width: 300px;
  }
}
 
@media (min-width: 640px) {
  .bar {
    width: 200px;
  }
}

The result looks good. However, if an HTML element has class="bar baz" and viewport width larger than 640px, that element width incorrectly set to 200px instead of 300px. This problem cannot be resolved only with CSS, so be careful!

LICENSE

MIT: http://hail2u.mit-license.org/2014