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Image Manipulation Methods

This library exposes a simple API for retrieving, sending, and manipulating images in the browser.

The demo allows the user to select a photo from his or her computer, crop and rotate the image, and upload directly to Google Cloud Storage using the gcs-signed-urls NPM module.

See demo:


  • Hermite sampling is used to resize images rather than canvas's drawImage. This results in a much better quality photo after resizing. See this stackoverflow.
  • The library parses EXIF meta data to always provide the correct orientation. Photos taken with older cameras rely on EXIF metadata and the browser does not take this metadata into account. See this article.


The library is available on bower and npm.

bower install image-manipulation


npm install image-manipulation

You can access via "window.ImageMethods"



A canvas can be changed using the manipulator methods: rotate, resize and crop. One can use the static methods.

var canvas = document.querySelector("canvas");

var resizedCanvas = ImageMethods.resize(canvas, 100, 100);

var rotatedCanvas = ImageMethods.rotate(resizedCanvas, 90);


or one can also make a manipulator instance and chain these methods.

var canvas = document.querySelector("canvas");

var manipulator = new ImageMethods(canvas);

manipulator.resize(100, 100).rotate(90);


Retrieving images to manipulate

Grab an image from the DOM and flip it upside down

var img = document.querySelector("img"),
	canvas = ImageMethods.getCanvasFromImage(img);

img.src = ImageMethods.rotate(canvas, 180).toDataURL();

Grab an image from an input element (<input type="file" accept="image/*">), create a thumbnail at 200px width and add it to the screen.

document.querySelector("input[type=file]").onchange = function(e) {
	ImageMethods.getCanvasFromFile(e.files[0], function(canvas) {
		var manipulator = new ImageMethods(canvas);
		// Add our resized canvas to the screen

Download an image from the server, cut it into 2 pieces, and upload the pieces back to the server via xhr2

ImageMethods.getCanvasFromUrl("/path/to/image.jpg", function(canvas, file) {
	var manipulator = new ImageMethods(canvas);
	var piece1Canvas = ImageMethods.crop(0, 0, canvas.width/2, canvas.height),
		piece2Canvas = ImageMethods.crop(canvas.width/2, 0, canvas.width/2, canvas.height),
	// Put together FormData for submission
	var formData = new FormData();
	formData.append("images[]", ImageMethods.toBlob(piece1Canvas),;
	formData.append("images[]", ImageMethods.toBlob(piece2Canvas),;
	// Post to server
	var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();"POST", "/my/upload-handler", true);


Chainable instance methods

// Create an manipulator instance likeso:
var instance = new ImageMethods(canvas)

// The canvas element can be exposed

// You can convert your instance into a blob 
var blob = instance.toBlob();
crop(x, y, width, height)
resize(width, height)

Static methods

These methods follow this form except getCanvasFromImage which simply returns a canvas element.

ImageMethods.getOrientationFromFile(file, function(canvas) {
	// Get access to the canvas element here
getOrientationFromFile(file, callback)
getCanvasFromUrl(url, callback)
getCanvasFromFile(file, callback)