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copykitten

0.0.8 • Public • Published

copykitten.js

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      Copy Kitten

Tiny immutable JSON data structures (< 1kb gzip)

This is a minimal library, designed specifically for JSON-compatible values: Strings, Numbers, Booleans, null, Objects, and Arrays. For a wider selection of immutable data structures with less naive implementations, see Immutable.js.

Copy Kitten manipulates JSON data and returns an updated copy; the original data is preserved. A reference to a Copy Kitten result will always return the same value. Use this to write easy-to-understand code and optimise top-down rendering (e.g. Redux).

Data conversion

// JSON value -> immutable
var immutable = copykitten.toImmutable({example: 'value'})
 
// Immutable value -> JSON string
JSON.stringify(immutable)
 
// Immutable value -> JSON object
immutable.toJSON();

API

toImmutable(value)

Converts value to an immutable value. Basic types (string, number, boolean, null) are untouched, objects and arrays are converted to FrozenObject and FrozenArray types respectively.

var data = copykitten.toImmutable({
    name: 'Kitten'
});

isImmutable(value)

Returns true for string, number, boolean, null, undefined, FrozenObject and FrozenArray. Otherwise returns false.

copykitten.isImmutable("string")  // true
copykitten.isImmutable(1234)  // true
copykitten.isImmutable(true)  // true
copykitten.isImmutable(null)  // true
 
copykitten.isImmutable({name: 'Kitten'})  // false
 
var data = copykitten.toImmutable({name: 'Kitten'});
copykitten.isImmutable(data)  // true

FrozenObject

Represents a JSON-style object (e.g. {hello: 'world'}) which has been frozen and made immutable.

This constructor should not be called directly.

set(key, value)

Returns a new copy of the FrozenObject with the property key set to value. The value is first converted to an immutable (including deep references) before being set on the newly returned FrozenObject.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable({name: 'Kitten'});
var b = data.set('status', 'sleepy');
 
// a is now {name: 'Kitten'}
// b is now {name: 'Kitten', status: 'sleepy'}

remove(key)

Returns a new copy of the FrozenObject with the property key removed.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable({name: 'Kitten', toy: 'ball'});
var b = a.remove('toy');
 
// a is now {name: 'Kitten', toy: 'ball'}
// b is now {name: 'Kitten'}

merge(props)

Returns a new copy of the FrozenObject including the properties and values from the props object. Any values defined on props will be converted to immutables first (including deep references).

var a = copykitten.toImmutable({name: 'Kitten'});
var b = a.merge({status: 'hungry'});
 
// a is now {name: 'Kitten'}
// b is now {name: 'Kitten', status: 'hungry'}

deepMerge(props)

Like merge(props) but will recursively merge nested objects.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable({animal: {name: 'Kitten'}});
var b = a.deepMerge({animal: {status: 'hungry'}});
 
// a is now {animal: {name: 'Kitten'}}
// b is now {animal: {name: 'Kitten', status: 'hungry'}}

update(f)

Calls the function f with a mutable copy of the current FrozenObject, then returns an immutable version including any modifications made by f.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable({name: 'Kitten'});
var b = a.update(function (obj) {
    delete obj.name;
    obj.type = 'animal';
});
 
// a is now {name: 'Kitten'}
// b is now {type: 'animal'}

Only the current object is mutable, any nested properties will remain immutable while f is being called.

thaw()

Returns a mutable JSON data type for the current object. Any nested properties will remain immutable.

var obj = copykitten.toImmutable({name: 'Kitten'});
obj.thaw()  // => {name: 'Kitten'}

toJSON()

Converts the current object and all nested properties to their mutable JSON data type representations.

var obj = copykitten.toImmutable({name: 'Kitten'});
obj.toJSON()  // => {name: 'Kitten'}

FrozenArray

FrozenArray extends FrozenObject. In addition to the FrozenObject methods, it provides immutable implementations of most Array methods. Some descriptions borrowed from the [MDN Array documentation][mdn-arra].

This constructor should not be called directly.

push(element1, ..., elementN)

Returns a new FrozenArray with value appended.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball']);
var b = a.push('mouse');
 
// a is now ['yarn', 'ball']
// b is now ['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']

pop()

Returns a new FrozenArray with the last item removed.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var b = a.pop();
 
// a is now ['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']
// b is now ['yarn', 'ball']

Note: does not return the popped element, just the updated array.

unshift([element1[, ...[, elementN]]])

Returns a new FrozenArray with value prepended.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball']);
var b = a.unshift('mouse');
 
// a is now ['yarn', 'ball']
// b is now ['mouse', 'yarn', 'ball']

shift()

Returns a new FrozenArray with the first item removed.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var b = a.shift();
 
// a is now ['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']
// b is now ['ball', 'mouse']

Note: does not return the shifted element, just the updated array.

sort([compareFunction])

Returns a new, sorted FrozenArray.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var b = a.sort();
 
// a is now ['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']
// b is now ['ball', 'mouse', 'yarn']

splice(start, deleteCount[, item1[, item2[, ...]]])

Works as the Array.splice method. Returns a new FrozenArray updated by adding and/or removing elements from the original.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball']);
var b = a.splice(1, 1, 'mouse');
 
// a is now ['yarn', 'ball']
// b is now ['yarn', 'mouse']

slice([begin[, end]])

Returns a new FrozenArray including a portion of the original.

var a = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var b = a.slice(1)
 
// a is now ['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']
// b is now ['ball', 'mouse']

every(callback[, thisArg])

Tests whether all elements in the FrozenArray pass the test implemented by the provided function. Returns boolean.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var small = toys.every(function (toy) {
    return toy.length < 10;
});
 
// small == true

filter(callback[, thisArg])

Creates a new FrozenArray with all elements that pass the test implemented by the provided function.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var tiny = toys.filter(function (toy) {
    return toy.length < 4;
});
 
// tiny is now ['ball']

forEach(callback[, thisArg])

Executes a provided function once per FrozenArray element.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
 
toys.forEach(function (toy) {
    console.log(toy);
});

indexOf(searchElement[, fromIndex = 0])

Returns the first index at which a given element can be found in the FrozenArray, or -1 if it is not present.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
toys.indexOf('ball');  // => 1

join([separator = ','])

Joins all elements of a FrozenArray into a string.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
toys.join(' and ');  // => 'yarn and ball and mouse'

lastIndexOf(searchElement[, fromIndex = arr.length - 1])

Returns the last index at which a given element can be found in the FrozenArray, or -1 if it is not present. The FrozenArray is searched backwards, starting at fromIndex.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse', 'ball']);
toys.lastIndexOf('ball');  // => 3

map(callback[, thisArg])

Creates a new FrozenArray with the results of calling a provided function on every element in this FrozenArray.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var caps = toys.map(function (toy) {
    return toy.toUpperCase();
});
 
// caps is now ['YARN', 'BALL', 'MOUSE']

reduce(callback[, initialValue])

Applies a function against an accumulator and each value of the FrozenArray (from left-to-right) to reduce it to a single value.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var size = toys.reduce(function (count, toy) {
    return count + toy.length;
}, 0);
 
// size is now 13

reduceRight(callback[, initialValue])

Applies a function against an accumulator and each value of the FrozenArray (from right-to-left) has to reduce it to a single value.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var smallest = toys.reduceRight(function (min, toy) {
    if (toy.length < min.length) {
        return toy;
    }
    return min;
});
 
// smallest is now 'ball'

some(callback[, thisArg])

Tests whether some element in the FrozenArray passes the test implemented by the provided function.

var toys = copykitten.toImmutable(['yarn', 'ball', 'mouse']);
var got_ball = toys.some(function (toy) {
    return toy === 'ball';
});
 
// got_ball == true

Keywords

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install

npm i copykitten

Downloadsweekly downloads

36

version

0.0.8

license

none

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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