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context-dive

2.2.6 • Public • Published

context-dive

Dive to async code with Context (v2)

Using this module you are able to acheive the following functionality:

  1. CLS/TLS : Continuation/Thread Local Storage (wikipedia link).
  2. Perfomance measuring, based on the top of Dived Context we are runningn in.
  3. Meaningfull UncaughtException and UnhandledRejection extras, based on CLS.

... also there is plan to develop bit more rich functionality ...

So this module allows you to wrap some execution context context via async_hooks. The main Idea is the wrapped execution context must be a function, cause otherwise we will be unable to handle everything through callbacks. Core concept is about that if we have some attributes of wrapped function as callbacks, so we will wrap them too, and therefore we will be able to track the context back through that callbacks too.

Installation is Simple

npm i context-dive

basic usage

the stuff you will get from pointer to dive wrapped function

const dive = require('context-dive');
 
const fn = (cb) => {
    setTimeout ...
    nextTick...
    Promise
        cb
};
 
dive(fn, 'MyContext')(() => {
    // here we passed a lot of
    const LinkToContext = dive.ctx // MyContext
    // and you are able to fill it
    // through all that nested fn code and so far
});

So that anonymous function that reads LinkToContext as dive.ctx seems must have no way to read 'MyContext' string pointer from nowhere except of dive storage closure. Moreover, you are able to use nested event, timers, nextTick and so on to handle running code graph untill the moment you will don't need it anymore.

Promise Note

Unfortunately there is no way to dive CLS inside of UnhandledRejection, so untill this moment the API for that is bit tricky or flaky. However, if it works, at least it definetely Works (instead of 1.1.8). But, starting from Node 12 all that API is made only for unhandledRejection.

v 2 CAVEATES (e.g. Warning) !

You can found much more data about it at Issue 249

As though Async Hooks cover almost all Asynchronous Functionality, Still all your code runs in a ! SYNCHRONOUS route. This means there are black holes of code that can't be covered by hooks at all! So, I strictly warn you of getting high hopes on this technology. It doesn't mean it is broken in general. It means it mostly works perfect in all ways, but you need to get known how everything will blew up when you dig into black hole off synchronous code. So let's describe the folloing situation. You have Queue of Tasks: an Array for task (functions) and Task Runner -- a simple Interval, which runs tasks from that Array. So, then when inside of your synchronous dive wrapped code you'll .push a task in that array, there is no way to jump with dive.context inside of Task Runner, if this runner was build outside of the dive-wrapped context. Let me show you code example:

 
const dive = require('context-dive');
 
const queueArray = [];
 
setInterval(() => {
    queueArray.forEach(task => {
        task();
    });
}, 1000);
 
const fn2wrap = () => {
    // Here we will have dive context
    console.log(' w  context : ', dive.ctx); // 'some context'
    // And now we create function
    // And push it to queue
    queueArray.push(() => {
        // that function will not be able to get any context
        console.log(' no context : ', dive.ctx); // undefined
    });
};
 
dive(fn2wrap, 'some context')();

Far to so, we can give you a solution, but, unfortunately it is not so easy as just asking a context. It requires to wrap you functions, which will be called in in other function's context. For our example this will keep following changes:

    // ...
    queueArray.push(dive.hopAutoWrap(() => {
        // ...

API

dive.currentContext || dive.ctx

Pointer to current context if execution thread is wrapped.

dive.enableAsyncHooks()

You need to switch async hooks trace to wrap any async code. You need to make this before you will make any wrapping. This is a global change, all your wrapped contexts become async wrapped after. The way to switch this on for one context and do not switch for another is not yet implemented in the library. If you really need this -- make an Issue. So, I'm using the following code to instantiate dive itself:

const dive = require('context-dive');
dive.enableAsyncHooks()

dive.disableAsyncHooks()

About to disable previously enabled async hooks thread wrappings.

dive.emerge()

Stop tracing of dive.currentContext and rid of any pointers to it in memory. You need to run this code when you don't need current context anymore. YOU NEED to run this code when there are no meaning to track that context, overwise your memory will leak and everything become bad. Simple example is the following:

const fn = () => {
    const ctx = dive.ctx;
    console.log(ctx); // 'simple test'
    dive.emerge(); // !!! EMERGE ITSELF
};
 
dive((cb) => {
    setTimeout(() => {
        cb();
    }, 1000);
}, 'simple test')(fn);

And when there are uncaughtException currentContext will be emerged automatically.

dive.hopAutoWrap ( fn2wrap, wrapOnlyJumps )

fn2wrap -- function, which must be wrapped 4 context passthrough. wrapOnlyJumps-- boolean. If you need to wrap only the callback forfn2wrap, but not thefn2wrap` itself.

You can call hopAutoWrap from function which is already wrapped. And then when that wrapped function runs with context as in the from Caveates part above, there might be situation, when there are no context: obviously most of your code will not be covered with dive(...). And if you just need to pass dive.ctx to callbacks -- you can use this wrapOnlyJumps. Moreover, if there will be no context when you use .hopAutoWrap -- it will fall to the same condition. And backwards, if you have context inside of running code, but don't need to wrap fn2wrap, and need it simply allows dive.ctx pass through it to it callbacks -- use wrapOnlyJumps == true.

I use this method with (mongoose.js)[https://mongoosejs.com/], and in the starter part of my App, I do the following with dive.hopAutoWrap(...) to make sure all my code will work as I expect.

['find', 'findOne', 
    /* ... and others ... */,
'update', 'save'].forEach(methodName => {
    mongoose.Model[methodName] =
        dive.hopAutoWrap(
            mongoose.Model[methodName]
        );
});

So far it allows me to insist: when my code with context will dive to any wrapped mongoose method, it will not loose context for callback, when they will be called from the db. response polling queue. All this because there are that Caveate Queue situation inside of Mongoose, please read Issue 249.

dive.wrapEventEmitter && dive.unwrapEventEmitter

If your EventEmitters will pass functions as attributes and theese functinos have to be wrapped -- this might help.

dive.uncaughtExceptionHandler

There is no way to handle uncaughtException without instantiating a listener to it. But you MUST make dive.emerge() on uncaught exception. If not, you app will fail from unemerged dive code. Please feel free to investigate you established listeners using this code:

process.listeners('uncaughtException').forEach((listener) => {
    process._rawDebug(listener.toString());
});

So, if you did process.on('uncaughtException', ...) in your own code before, you will definetely need to add there the following part for emerging dive :

process.on('uncaughtException', (error) => {
    
    /*
        your own code here
    */
    
    // add this to last line of your
    // process.on('uncaughtException', ...)
    // it is sync, so, nothing to care of
 
    dive.uncaughtExceptionHandler();
    
});

So it will help dive emerge all necessary parts if there will be any exception in your code.

dive.enableUncaughtExceptionListener

But if there were no uncaughtException listeners in your code at all, feel free to add dive own listener.

dive.enableUncaughtExceptionListener();

However, be carefull, cause it will change the behaviour of your code: dive will prevent your process to exit if this listener is enabled, and there is no your own listeners. And suppose you need to make your own listener initialisation instead. But, again, it is on you own way.

dive.disableUncaughtExceptionListener

About to disable previously installed dive.enableUncaughtExceptionListener

Promises

All the code you run inside of wrapped promises runs with currentContext. But unhandledRejection will not, cause it runs out of execution scope of async_hoos related wrappings. Promises are implemented on ECMAScript 2015 Job Queue. So them are bit ounside of Node, and inside of V8 core itself. And though they are wrapped with async_hooks too, there is no way to jump inside of unhandledRejection yet. But we have solution for it. I just desided to make a symbol sign in an every promise that runs out of my wrapped function. The implementation is hidden, I made helpers. Just pass promise there, and everything will work:

process.once('unhandledRejection', (error, promise) => {
    const ctx = dive.getPromiseContext(promise);
    const duration = dive.getPromiseMeasure(promise);
    console.log(ctx, duration);
    dive.emerge();
});

tests

And yes, now it have tests. Simply run:

$ npm test

examples

the following npm command:

$ npm run examples

and the following direct execution

$ node example/simple
$ node example/promise
$ node example/hard

duration

Next code allows you to count how much time your context is running:

dive.measure();

It uses perfomance.now() so it is hight prescision timer based.

v 1.1.8 Post Mortem note

Inspite that V 2 utilise the Core Concept of v 1.1.8, the way old version was made is odd. I rid of all that old code with complete new bundle. The API is about 50% the same, and concept is 100% the same. You can find old documentation here

install

npm i context-dive

Downloadsweekly downloads

3

version

2.2.6

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

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