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combine-utils

1.0.3 • Public • Published

combine-utils

This package provides you with some utility functions that can be used to combine a list of items into collections of those items.

API Documentation

There are four functions that this package exposes.

createCombinations

This function solves the classical combinatorial problem of finding all possible combinations of certain items. It takes in a list of items and it returns a list of lists of those items. Each element of the returned list represents a possible combination.

Type definition

createCombinations<Item>(
  collectionItem[],
  options?: Options
)Item[][]

Example

const collection = [1, 2, 3];
const combinations = createCombinations(collection);
expect(combinations).toEqual([
  [],
  [1],
  [1, 2],
  [1, 2, 3],
  [1, 3],
  [2],
  [2, 3],
  [3]
]);

createSets

This function solves the problem of how to distribute a list of items into different subsets of those items where each item belongs to exactly one subset.

In other words: We want to build a list of subsets of all the items in such a way that when we join together all subsets we end up with the original set of items without duplicates.

The function takes in a list of items and returns a list of sets. A set is a list of combinations of all items, i.e. a list of lists of items.

Type definition

createSets<Item>(
  collectionItem[],
  options?: Options
)Item[][][]

Example

const collection = [1, 2, 3];
const sets = createSets(collection);
expect(sets).toEqual([
  [[1], [2], [3]],
  [[1], [2, 3]],
  [[1, 2], [3]],
  [[1, 2, 3]],
  [[1, 3], [2]]
]);

createCombinationsWithIdentifiers

This function returns all possible combinations of items where each item contains a list of identifiers. The combinations are built in such a way that when you combine the identifiers of all items in the combination you don't get any duplicates.

The function takes a list of items and a function that maps one item to its identifiers. It returns a list of combinations of the given items, i.e. a list of lists of items.

Type definition

createCombinationsWithIdentifiers<Item>(
  collectionItem[],
  getIdentifiersFromItemGetIdentifiersFromItem<Item>,
  options?: Options
)Item[][]
 
type GetIdentifiersFromItem<Item> = (item: Item) => Identifier[];
type Identifier = number | string;

Example

const collection = [
  { itemId: 0, identifiers: [1] },
  { itemId: 1, identifiers: [2] },
  { itemId: 2, identifiers: [1, 2] }
];
const combinations = createCombinationsWithIdentifiers(
  collection,
  item => item.identifiers
);
expect(combinations).toEqual([
  [{ itemId: 0, identifiers: [1] }],
  [{ itemId: 0, identifiers: [1] }, { itemId: 1, identifiers: [2] }],
  [{ itemId: 1, identifiers: [2] }],
  [{ itemId: 2, identifiers: [1, 2] }]
]);

createCompleteCombinationsWithIdentifiers

This function works similarly to the function createCombinationsWithIdentifiers, but it only returns those combinations, where each identifier is contained through an item exactly once.

The function takes a list of items and a function that maps one item to its identifiers. It returns a list of combinations of the given items, i.e. a list of lists of items.

Type definition

createCompleteCombinationsWithIdentifiers<Item>(
  collectionItem[],
  getIdentifiersFromItemGetIdentifiersFromItem<Item>,
  options?: Options
)Item[][]
 
type GetIdentifiersFromItem<Item> = (item: Item) => Identifier[];
type Identifier = number | string;

Example

const collection = [
  { itemId: 0, identifiers: [1] },
  { itemId: 1, identifiers: [2] },
  { itemId: 2, identifiers: [1, 2] }
];
const combinations = createCompleteCombinationsWithIdentifiers(
  collection,
  item => item.identifiers
);
expect(combinations).toEqual([
  [{ itemId: 0, identifiers: [1] }, { itemId: 1, identifiers: [2] }],
  [{ itemId: 2, identifiers: [1, 2] }]
]);

Options

The last argument for each function is an object containing optional parameters. These options are the same for each function:

type Options = {
  minimumLength?: number;
  maximumLength?: number;
  storeNumberOfCallsIn?: { calls: number };
};

minimumLength

The minimum length defines a lower bound for the length of combinations or sets that should be included. All combinations that contain fewer elements are ignored.

maximumLength

The maximum length defines an upper bound for the length of combinations or sets that should be included. All combinations that contain more elements are ignored.

storeNumberOfCallsIn

All of the functions that this package exposes are implemented using recursion. The option storeNumberOfCallsIn allows you to track the number of recursive calls.

install

npm i combine-utils

Downloadsweekly downloads

103

version

1.0.3

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

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