cms-bluebutton-sdk
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1.0.1 • Public • Published

Node SDK for Blue Button 2.0 API

The Node software development kit (SDK) provides tools and resources for developers integrating with the CMS Blue Button 2.0 API.

Table of contents

Prerequisites

You'll need a sandbox account and sample access token to access data from the Blue Button 2.0 API.

To learn how to create a sandbox account and generate a sample access token, see Try the API.

Installation

npm

npm install cms-bluebutton-sdk

npm with TypeScript

npm install --save-dev @types/cms-bluebutton-sdk

Yarn

yarn add cms-bluebutton-sdk

Yarn with TypeScript

yarn add --dev @types/cms-bluebutton-sdk

Configuration Parameters

Required SDK configuration parameters include:

Parameter Value Default Description
environment SANDBOX or PRODUCTION SANDBOX Blue Button 2.0 API environment
version 1 or 2 2 Blue Button 2.0 version
clientId your_client_id OAuth2.0 client ID of the app
clientSecret your_client_secret OAuth2.0 client secret of the app
callbackUrl https://www.example.com/callback OAuth2.0 callback URL of the app

Access Token Refresh on Expire - tokenRefreshOnExpire

SDK FHIR requests check whether the access token is expired before the data endpoint call. By default, an expired token will refresh. To disable token refresh, set token_refresh_on_expire to false.

FHIR Requests Retry Settings - retrySettings

Retry is enabled by default for FHIR requests. The folllowing parameters are available for exponential back off retry algorithm.

Retry parameter Value (default) Description
backoffFactor 5 Backoff factor in seconds
total 3 Max retries
statusForcelist [500, 502, 503, 504] Error response codes to retry on

The exponential backoff factor (in seconds) is used to calculate interval between retries using the formula backoffFactor * (2 ** (i - 1)) where i starts from 0.

Example: A backoffFactor of 5 seconds generates the wait intervals: 2.5, 5, 10, ...

To disable the retry, set total = 0.

Configuration Methods

There are two ways to configure the SDK when instantiating a BlueButton class instance:

JSON object literal

  • Configuration key:value pairs can be used.
  • Configuration values can be provided from your own application's configuration method.

Example:

    const bb = BlueButton({
             "environment": "PRODUCTION",
             "clientId": "foo",
             "clientSecret": "bar",
             "callbackUrl": "https://www.fake.com/callback",
             "version": 2,
             "retrySettings": {
                 "total": 3,
                 "backoffFactor": 5,
                 "statusForcelist": [500, 502, 503, 504]
             }
          }

JSON config file

The configuration is in JSON format and stored in a local file. The default location is the current working directory with file name: .bluebutton-config.json

By default, tokenRefreshOnExpire is true.

Example code:

    const bb = BlueButton("settings/my_bb2_sdk_conf.json");

Example JSON in file:

    {
      "environment": "SANDBOX",
      "clientId": "foo",
      "clientSecret": "bar",
      "callbackUrl": "https://www.fake.com/callback",
      "version": 2,
      "retrySettings": {
        "total": 3,
        "backoffFactor": 5,
        "statusForcelist": [500, 502, 503, 504]
      }
    }

Environments and Data

The Blue Button 2.0 API is available in V1 and V2 in a sandbox and production environment.

Version data formats:

  • V1: FHIR STU3
  • V2: FHIR R4

Sample configuration JSON with default version and environment:

{
  "clientId": "your_client_id",
  "clientSecret": "your_client_secret",
  "callbackUrl": "https://www.example.com/"
}

If needed, you can set your application's target environment and API version.

Example:

{
  "clientId": "your_client_id",
  "clientSecret": "your_client_secret",
  "callbackUrl": "https://www.example.com/",
  "version": "2",
  "environment": "PRODUCTION"
}

Usage

The following code shows the SDK used with a Node JS Express server. This code walks through:

  • Obtaining an access token with scope chosen by a user
  • Passing the token to query for FHIR data
  • Using URL links from the response to page through data
  • Using the SDK paging support to return all data in one call
import express, { Request, Response } from 'express';
import { BlueButton } from 'cms-bluebutton-sdk';
import { AuthorizationToken } from 'cms-bluebutton-sdk';

const app = express();

const bb = new BlueButton();
const authData = bb.generateAuthData();

// AuthorizationToken holds access grant info:
// access token, expire in, expire at, token type, scope, refreh token, etc.
// The token is associated with current logged in user. For more details,
// see SDK JS docs.

let authToken: AuthorizationToken;

// Start authorize flow: response with URL to redirect to Medicare.gov beneficiary login
app.get('/', (req, res) => {
    const redirectUrl = bb.generateAuthorizeUrl(authData);
    res.redirect(redirectUrl);
})

// OAuth2.0 call back:Obtain access token, optionally check scope, and fetch data
app.get('api/bluebutton/callback', async (req: Request, res: Response) => {

  let results = {};
    try {
        authToken = await bb.getAuthorizationToken(authData, req.query.code, req.query.state, req.query.error);
        // Access token obtained. During authorization, the beneficiary can grant
        // access to his/her demographic data and claims data or only claims data.
        // Check the scope of the current access token:
        const scopes: string[] = authToken.scope;
        // iterate scope entries here or check if a permission is in the scope
        if (authToken.scope.index("patient/Patient.read") > -1) {
            // patient info access granted
        }

         /**
        * 1. Access token scope with demographic info:
        *
        * scope: [
        * "patient/Coverage.read",
        * "patient/ExplanationOfBenefit.read",
        * "patient/Patient.read",
        * "profile",
        * ]
        *
        * 2. Access token scope without demographic info:
        *
        * scope: [
        * "patient/Coverage.read",
        * "patient/ExplanationOfBenefit.read",
        * ]
        */

        // Data flow: After access granted,
        // your app logic can fetch the beneficiary's data in specific ways.
        // Example: download EOB periodically

        // The access token kept in var authToken can expire.
        // SDK FHIR call will detect expiration and refresh the token
        // Example FHIR call:  getExplanationOfBenefitData

        // You can also configure your app to call refreshAuthToken
        // for an access token refresh before the FHIR calls:
        // Example:  authToken = await bb.refreshAuthToken(authToken);

        eobResults = await bb.getExplanationOfBenefitData(authToken);
        // Note, below assignment is needed to pass on the auth token in case it got updated during the fhir call
        authToken = eobResults.token;

        patientResults = await bb.getPatientData(authToken);
        authToken = patientResults.token;

        coverageResults = await bb.getCoverageData(authToken);
        authToken = coverageResults.token;

        profileResults = await bb.getProfileData(authToken);
        authToken = profileResults.token;

        // Note that above FHIR data calls
        // (getExplanationOfBenefitData, getPatientData, and getCoverageData)
        // send FHIR search requests to Blue Button 2.0 API
        // and the data returned is a FHIR resource bundle of the
        // first 10 resources. Example: If the current beneficiary
        // has 55 ExplanationOfBenefit resources,
        // the call to getExplanationOfBenefitData will return the
        // first 10 of them.
        // To retrive all the ExplanationOfBenefit resources,
        // call getPages:

        const eobbundle = eobResults.response?.data;
        // getPages will navigate from the bundle (eobbundle) and return a list of all
        // the 'pages'
        const eobs = await bb.getPages(eobbundle, authToken);
        // this is needed to pass on the auth token in case it got updated during the call
        authToken = eobs.token;

        // The app can choose more fine grained control of pagination:
        // Example: fetch 1st page, fetch last page, fetch next page,
        // fetch previous page:
        const firstPgURL = bb.extractPageNavUrl(eobbundle, "first");
        if (firstPgURL) {
            const fistPage = await this.getCustomData(firstPgURL, authToken);
            // pass on token
            authToken = firstPage.token;
            // harvest bundle json
            const firstBundle = firstPage.response?.data;
        }
        const lastPgURL = bb.extractPageNavUrl(eobbundle, "last");
        if (lastPgURL) {
            const lastPage = await this.getCustomData(lastPgURL, authToken);
            // pass on token
            authToken = lastPage.token;
            // harvest bundle json
            const lastBundle = lastPage.response?.data;
        }
        const nextPgURL = bb.extractPageNavUrl(eobbundle, "next");
        if (nextPgURL) {
            const nextPage = await this.getCustomData(nextPgURL, authToken);
            // pass on token
            authToken = nextPage.token;
            // harvest bundle json
            const nextBundle = nextPage.response?.data;
        }
        const prevPgURL = bb.extractPageNavUrl(eobbundle, "previous");
        if (prevPgURL) {
            const prevPage = await this.getCustomData(prevPgURL, authToken);
            // pass on token
            authToken = prevPage.token;
            // harvest bundle json
            const prevBundle = prevPage.response?.data;
        }

        // Get all patient(s) by calling getPages. (Note: This is trivial since
        // there is only 1 patient resource)
        const ptbundle = patientResults.response?.data;
        const pts = await bb.getPages(ptbundle, authToken);
        authToken = pts.token;

        // Get all coverages by calling getPages
        const coveragebundle = coverageResults.response?.data;
        const coverages = await bb.getPages(coveragebundle, authToken);
        authToken = coverages.token;

        // You can apply getPages on non-bundle resources or bundles
        // without navigation links. In that case, no page navigation
        // occurs and a list of the original resource is returned,
        // Example: The below code calls getPages on a profile result
        // which might not be a bundle resource.
        const pfbundle = profileResults.response?.data;
        const pfs = await bb.getPages(pfbundle, authToken);
        authToken = pfs.token;

        // getPages return an object of structure:
        // {token: <authToken>, pages: [<bundle of 10 resources>, <bundle of 10 resources>, ...]}
        results = {
          eob: eobs.pages,
          patient: pts.pages,
          coverage: coverages.pages,
          profile: pfs.pages,
        };

    } catch (e) {
        console.log(e);
    }

    res.json(results)

});

Sample App

For a complete Node JS sample app, see CMS Blue Button Node JS Sample App.

About the Blue Button 2.0 API

The Blue Button 2.0 API provides Medicare enrollee claims data to applications using the OAuth2.0 authorization flow. We aim to provide a developer-friendly, standards-based API that enables people with Medicare to connect their claims data to the applications, services, and research programs they trust.

License

The CMS Blue Button 2.0 Node SDK is licensed under the Creative Commons Zero v1.0 Universal. For more details, see License.

Security

We do our best to keep our SDKs up to date with vulnerability patching and security testing, but you are responsible for your own review and testing before implementation.

To report vulnerabilities, please see the CMS Vulnerability Disclosure Policy and follow the directions for reporting.

Help and Support

Got questions? Need help troubleshooting? Want to propose a new feature? Contact the Blue Button 2.0 team and connect with the community in our Google Group.

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  • sb-benohe
  • jimmyfagan_nava
  • loganbertram
  • cms-bluebutton-dev
  • jamesfuqian