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    Welcome to the cdk-stepfunctions-redshift project!

    cdk-stepfunctions-redshift provides SfnRedshiftTasker which is a JSII construct library to build AWS Serverless infrastructure to implement a callback pattern for Amazon Redshift statements.

    The SfnRedshiftTasker construct will take details of a Redshift target (clustername, database name & username) and the resulting object will have a lambdaFunction property which will provide the interface to run statements against that Redshift target with callback functionality.

    The current solution supports implementing 2 callback patterns:

    Behind the scenes

    When you use a SfnRedshiftTasker in your stack you will get:

    • A Lambda function for invoking tasks on the Amazon Redshift cluster
    • A DDB Table to track ongoing-executions
    • An Event rule to monitor Amazon Redshift Data API completion events and route them to SQS
    • An SQS queue to receive above mentioned Amazon Redshift Data API completion events
    • A Lambda function to process API Completions events (by default same function as the one above)
    • A KMS key which encrypts data at rest.

    This allows to easily create step-function tasks which execute a SQL command and will only complete once Amazon Redshift finishes executing the corresponding statement.

    How it works

    Serverless infrastructure will be spawn up for a specific (cluster, user, database). A Lambda function will be provided which allows invoking statements as this user. States can then be used to do a seemingly synchronous invocation of a Amazon Redshift statement allowing your statemachines to have a simpler definition (see Example definition for an example state).

    Example flow (for step function)

    alt text

    1. A step-function step triggers the Lambda function provided by the construct. The step function step follows a structure for its invocation payload which includes designated fields (following the API of the invoker function)

    2. The Lambda function will generate a unique ID based on the execution ARN and register the SQL invocation in a DynamoDB state table.

    3. The lambda function then starts the statement using the Amazon Redshift data API using the Unique ID as statement name and requesting events for state changes.

    4. As a result of step 3 Amazon Redshift executes the statement. Once that statement completes it emits an event. Our building blocks have put in place a Cloudwatch Rule to monitor these events.

    5. The event gets placed into an SQS queue

    6. This SQS queue is monitored by a Lambda function (could be the same as the previous one).

    7. The Lambda function will check whether the finished query is related to a step function invocation in order to retrieve the task token of the step.

    8. If it is then it will do a succeed/fail callback to the step-function step (using the task token) depending on success/failure of the SQL statement.

    9. It will mark the invocation as processed in the state table.

    How to use

    This is a construct so you can use it from a CDK Stack. An example stack can be found at integ.default.ts . That stack sets up an Amazon Redshift cluster, the SfnRedshiftTasker infra and some state machines that use the functionality. It can be launched by compiling the code (which creates a lib directory) and deploying the CDK app: yarn compile && npx cdk --app ./lib/integ.default.js deploy


    When using this approach do keep in mind the considerations of the Amazon Redshift Data API.

    These shouldn't be blockers:

    • If query result is too big consider using UNLOAD rather than SELECT.
    • If the statement size is too big consider splitting up the statement in multiple statements. For example by defining and utilizing views or encapsulating the logic in a stored procedure.


    See CONTRIBUTING for more information.


    This library is licensed under the MIT-0 License. See the LICENSE file.


    npm i cdk-stepfunctions-redshift

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