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browserslist

Browserslist

Browserslist logo by Anton Lovchikov

Library to share target browsers between different front-end tools. It is used in:

All tools that rely on Browserslist will find its config automatically, when you add the following to package.json:

{
  "browserslist": [
    "> 1%",
    "last 2 versions"
  ]
}

Or in .browserslistrc config:

# Browsers that we support 
 
> 1%
Last 2 versions
IE 10 # sorry 

Developers set browsers list in queries like last 2 version to be free from updating browser versions manually. Browserslist will use Can I Use data for this queries.

Browserslist will take browsers queries from tool option, browserslist config, .browserslistrc config, browserslist section in package.json or environment variables.

You can test Browserslist queries in online demo.

Sponsored by Evil Martians

Tools

  • browserslist-useragent check browser by user agent string to match Browserslist target browsers query.
  • Run npx browserslist in your project directory to see project’s target browsers. This CLI tool is built-in and available in any project with Autoprefixer.

Queries

Browserslist will use browsers query from one of this sources:

  1. Tool options. For example browsers option in Autoprefixer.
  2. BROWSERSLIST environment variable.
  3. browserslist config file in current or parent directories.
  4. .browserslistrc config file in current or parent directories.
  5. browserslist key in package.json file in current or parent directories. We recommend this way.
  6. If the above methods did not produce a valid result Browserslist will use defaults: > 1%, last 2 versions, Firefox ESR.

You can specify the versions by queries (case insensitive):

  • last 2 versions: the last 2 versions for each browser.
  • last 2 Chrome versions: the last 2 versions of Chrome browser.
  • > 5%: versions selected by global usage statistics. >=, < and <= work too.
  • > 5% in US: uses USA usage statistics. It accepts two-letter country code.
  • > 5% in alt-AS: uses Asia region usage statistics. List of all region codes can be found at caniuse-lite/data/regions.
  • > 5% in my stats: uses custom usage data.
  • extends browserslist-config-mycompany: take queries from browserslist-config-mycompany npm package.
  • ie 6-8: selects an inclusive range of versions.
  • Firefox > 20: versions of Firefox newer than 20. >=, < and <= work too.
  • iOS 7: the iOS browser version 7 directly.
  • Firefox ESR: the latest [Firefox ESR] version.
  • unreleased versions or unreleased Chrome versions: alpha and beta versions.
  • last 2 major versions or last 2 iOS major versions: all minor/patch releases of last 2 major versions.
  • since 2013: all versions released since year 2013 (also since 2013-03 and since 2013-03-10).
  • not ie <= 8: exclude browsers selected by previous queries.

You can add not to any query.

Debug

Run npx browserslist in project directory to see what browsers was selected by your queries.

$ npx browserslist
and_chr 61
and_ff 56
and_qq 1.2
and_uc 11.4
android 56
baidu 7.12
bb 10
chrome 62
edge 16
firefox 56
ios_saf 11
opera 48
safari 11
samsung 5

Notes

Browserslist works with separated versions of browsers. You should avoid queries like Firefox > 0.

Multiple criteria are combined as a boolean OR. A browser version must match at least one of the criteria to be selected.

All queries are based on the Can I Use support table, e.g. last 3 iOS versions might select 8.4, 9.2, 9.3 (mixed major and minor), whereas last 3 Chrome versions might select 50, 49, 48 (major only).

Browsers

Names are case insensitive:

  • Android for Android WebView.
  • Baidu for Baidu Browser.
  • BlackBerry or bb for Blackberry browser.
  • Chrome for Google Chrome.
  • ChromeAndroid or and_chr for Chrome for Android
  • Edge for Microsoft Edge.
  • Electron for Electron framework. It will be converted to Chrome version.
  • Explorer or ie for Internet Explorer.
  • ExplorerMobile or ie_mob for Internet Explorer Mobile.
  • Firefox or ff for Mozilla Firefox.
  • FirefoxAndroid or and_ff for Firefox for Android.
  • iOS or ios_saf for iOS Safari.
  • Opera for Opera.
  • OperaMini or op_mini for Opera Mini.
  • OperaMobile or op_mob for Opera Mobile.
  • QQAndroid or and_qq for QQ Browser for Android.
  • Safari for desktop Safari.
  • Samsung for Samsung Internet.
  • UCAndroid or and_uc for UC Browser for Android.

package.json

If you want to reduce config files in project root, you can specify browsers in package.json with browserslist key:

{
  "private": true,
  "dependencies": {
    "autoprefixer": "^6.5.4"
  },
  "browserslist": [
    "> 1%",
    "last 2 versions"
  ]
}

Config File

Browserslist config should be named .browserslistrc or browserslist and have browsers queries split by a new line. Comments starts with # symbol:

# Browsers that we support 
 
> 1%
Last 2 versions
IE 8 # sorry 

Browserslist will check config in every directory in path. So, if tool process app/styles/main.css, you can put config to root, app/ or app/styles.

You can specify direct path in BROWSERSLIST_CONFIG environment variables.

Shareable Configs

You can use the following query to reference an exported Browserslist config from another package:

  "browserslist"[
    "extends browserslist-config-mycompany"
  ]

For security reasons, external configuration only supports packages that have the browserslist-config- prefix. npm scoped packages are also supported, by naming or prefixing the module with @scope/browserslist-config, such as @scope/browserslist-config or @scope/browserslist-config-mycompany.

If you don’t accept Browserslist queries from users, you can disable the validation by using the dangerousExtend option:

browserslist(queries, { path, dangerousExtend: true })

Because this uses npm's resolution, you can also reference specific files in a package:

  "browserslist"[
    "extends browserslist-config-mycompany/desktop",
    "extends browserslist-config-mycompany/mobile"
  ]

When writing a shared Browserslist package, just export an array. browserslist-config-mycompany/index.js:

module.exports = [
  'last 2 versions',
  'ie 9'
]

Environment Variables

If some tool use Browserslist inside, you can change browsers settings by environment variables:

  • BROWSERSLIST with browsers queries.

    BROWSERSLIST="> 5%" gulp css
  • BROWSERSLIST_CONFIG with path to config file.

    BROWSERSLIST_CONFIG=./config/browserslist gulp css
  • BROWSERSLIST_ENV with environments string.

    BROWSERSLIST_ENV="development" gulp css
  • BROWSERSLIST_STATS with path to the custom usage data for > 1% in my stats query.

    BROWSERSLIST_STATS=./config/usage_data.json gulp css
  • BROWSERSLIST_DISABLE_CACHE if you want to disable config reading cache.

    BROWSERSLIST_DISABLE_CACHE=1 gulp css

Environments

You can also specify different browser queries for various environments. Browserslist will choose query according to BROWSERSLIST_ENV or NODE_ENV variables. If none of them is declared, Browserslist will firstly look for development queries and then use defaults.

In package.json:

  "browserslist": {
    "production": [
      "last 2 version",
      "ie 9"
    ],
    "development": [
      "last 1 version"
    ]
  }

In .browserslistrc config:

[production]
last 2 version
ie 9
 
[development]
last 1 version

Custom Usage Data

If you have a website, you can query against the usage statistics of your site:

  1. Import your Google Analytics data into Can I Use. Press Import… button in Settings page.

  2. Open browser DevTools on Can I Use and paste this snippet into the browser console:

    var e=document.createElement('a');e.setAttribute('href', 'data:text/plain;charset=utf-8,'+encodeURIComponent(JSON.stringify(JSON.parse(localStorage['usage-data-by-id'])[localStorage['config-primary_usage']])));e.setAttribute('download','stats.json');document.body.appendChild(e);e.click();document.body.removeChild(e);
  3. Save the data to a browserslist-stats.json file in your project.

Of course, you can generate usage statistics file by any other method. File format should be like:

{
  "ie": {
    "6": 0.01,
    "7": 0.4,
    "8": 1.5
  },
  "chrome": {
    …
  },
  …
}

Note that you can query against your custom usage data while also querying against global or regional data. For example, the query > 1% in my stats, > 5% in US, 10% is permitted.

Webpack

If you plan to use Browserslist on client-side (e. g., tools like CodePen) Browserslist could take big part of your bundle — about 150 KB.

But the biggest part of this size will be region usage statistics, which could be useless for you. You can use IgnorePlugin in webpack to cut it:

const webpackConfig = {
  …
  plugins: [
    new webpack.IgnorePlugin(/caniuse-lite\/data\/regions/)
  ]
}

This plugin will reduce Browserslist size from 150 KB to 6 KB. But you loose > 1% in US queries support.

JS API

var browserslist = require('browserslist');
 
// Your CSS/JS build tool code
var process = function (source, opts) {
    var browsers = browserslist(opts.browsers, {
        stats: opts.stats,
        path:  opts.file,
        env:   opts.env
    });
    // Your code to add features for selected browsers
}

Queries can be a string "> 5%, last 1 version" or an array ['> 5%', 'last 1 version'].

If a query is missing, Browserslist will look for a config file. You can provide a path option (that can be a file) to find the config file relatively to it.

For non-JS environment and debug purpose you can use CLI tool:

browserslist "> 1%, last 2 versions"

Coverage

You can get total users coverage for selected browsers by JS API:

browserslist.coverage(browserslist('> 1%')) //=> 81.4
browserslist.coverage(browserslist('> 1% in US'), 'US') //=> 83.1

Or by CLI:

$ browserslist --coverage "> 1%"
These browsers account for 81.4% of all users globally
$ browserslist --coverage=US "> 1% in US"
These browsers account for 83.1% of all users in the US

Internal caches

Browserslist caches the configuration it reads from package.json and browserslist files, as well as knowledge about the existence of files, for the duration of the hosting process.

To clear these caches, use:

browserslist.clearCaches();

To disable the caching altogether, set the BROWSERSLIST_DISABLE_CACHE environment variable.