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bouncerjs

0.1.1 • Public • Published

bouncerjs

Activity based authorization module for Node.

Build Status

bouncerjs

Install

npm install bouncerjs --save

Setup

Activities

Activities are actions that will be performed by a user. Say we got a model that represents a blog post. Users can view, create, update and delete these posts. Therefore we got four activities, namely post:view, post:create, post:update and post:delete. Each activity requires different tests to determine whether or not a user is allowed to perform it. Let's take a closer look at the post:view activity. Every user is allowed to view a certain post, if the post is public. If it is not public, only admins and the user that is the owner of the post are allowed to view it. With bouncerjs, you can define such assertions in a declarative way. Have a look at the following example:

var activities = {
    post: {
        view: function(params) {
            return ['OR',
                ['post:isPublic', params.postId],
                ['post:belongsToUser', params.user, params.postId],
                ['user:isMemberOfGroup', params.user, 'admin']                
            ];
        }
    }
};

We've created the activity post:view that returns a set of assertions. These assertions are chained with the operator OR. In this case bouncerjs will serially test each assertion. As soon as one assertion succeeds, bouncerjs will gains access to the respective activity.

Assertions

Now, that we've defined a set of assertions, we need to implement them.

 
var assertions = {
    post: {
        isPublic: function(postId, callback) {
             // Your logic to test that the post is public.
            var post = new Post(postId);
            post.isPublic(function(err, isPublic) {
                if(err) return callback(err);
                // If the post is not public pass an error to the callback
                if(!isPublic) return callback(new Error('Post is not public'));
                // Otherwise just invoke the callback.
                return callback();
            });
        },
        belongsToUser: function(user, postId, callback) {
            // Your logic to test that the post belongs to the given user.
            var post = new Post(postId);
            post.belongsToUser(user.id, function(err, belongsToUser) {
                if(err) return callback(err);
                if(!belongsToUser) return callback(new Error('Post does not belong to user'));
                return callback();
            });
        }
    },
    user: {
        isMemberOfGroup: function(user, group, callback) {
            // Your logic to test that the user belongs to the given group.
            if(user.group != group) {
                return callback(new Error('User is not member of group ' + group));
            }
            return callback();
        }
    },
};

Configuration

Ok, we have defined the activites and implemented the assertions. Now we need to configure bouncerjs. Therefore we instantiate bouncerjs with the previously created activities and assertions. We also provide two callbacks. onNotAuthenticated will be called when a user is not authenticated. onNotAuthorized will be called when a user tries to perform an activity he is not allowed to.

var Bouncer = require('bouncerjs');
 
var bouncer = new Bouncer({
 
    // Pass the defined activities and assertions
    activities: activities,
    assertions: assertions,
 
    // Middleware handler when user is not authenticated
    onNotAuthenticated: function(req, res, next) {
        next(new Error('User is not authenticated'));
    },
    
    // Middleware handler when user not authorized
    onNotAuthorized: function(err, req, res, next) {
        // For example: pass the error from the assertion
        next(err);
    }
 
});
 
module.exports = bouncer;

Use

Now we can user the bouncer instance to protect our routes. Therefore we use the activity method. This method returns a middleware function that handles the authorization.

var express = require('express');
var app = express();
var PostsController = require('./controllers/posts.js');
 
// Require the previously created bouncer instance
var bouncer = require('./bouncer.js');
 
app.get('/post/:id', 
    // Use bouncer.activity() as a middleware
    bouncer.activity('post:view', function(req) {
        return {
           // You will always need to pass the user object in order to 
           // tell bouncerjs that you have an authenticated user.
           user: req.user,
           postId: req.param('id')
        }
    }),
    // If the user is allowed to perform the activity,
    // the next middleware will be invoked.
    PostsController.view
);
 
var server = app.listen(3000);
 

Documentation

Work in progress!

install

npm i bouncerjs

Downloadsweekly downloads

1

version

0.1.1

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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