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    A easy and powerful way to maintain conversational context in chat bots. Using function closures. Blog post

    Core Concept

    context stack

    Here we introduce a reactive approach to maintaining the context of conversations.

    - Whenever the bot sends a message, set(push) a context(callback) on the stack.
    - Whenever the bot recieves a message, match the message in FIFO order to 
      the items on the stack. And call the callback.

    The elegant trick here is that when a callback is pushed on the stack, it captures the closure state of the callback function being pushed.

    So when we match the context stack on recieving a message, the closure variables and data are maintained, allowing time travel!


    $ npm i bot-context

    This is a very basic pizza delivery bot, to demonstrate the usage of bot-context.

    // The message recieving module.
    let context = require('bot-context');
    function onMessageRecieved(message, userId) {
      let ctx = botContext.getOrCreate(userId);
      if(!ctx.isSet()) {
          init(userId); // initialize the actions.
      ctx.match(message, function(err, match, contextCb) {
        if(!err) contextCb(userId, match);

    The set of actions to send the message:

    function init(userId) {
      let ctx = botContext.getOrCreate(userId);
          /.*/,  // The base matcher to match anything.
          (match) => getPizzaType(userId));
    function getPizzaType(userId) {
      let ctx = botContext.getOrCreate(userId);
        (match) => getDeliveryAddress(userId, match)
      sendMessage(userId, "What kind of pizza do you want ?");
    function getDeliveryAddress(userId, pizzaType) {
      let address = userDataService.getAddress(userID);
      let ctx = botContext.getOrCreate(userId);
      if(address) {
        ctx.set(/(yes|no)/, (reponse) => {
            if(response === 'yes') {
                getDeliverAddress(userId, pizzaType);
            } else {
                end(userId, pizzaType, address);
        sendMessage(userId, 'Would you like to change your address ?'); 
        validateAddressUsingGoogleAPI, // Can use some async API method
        (address) => end(userId, pizzaType, address)
      ); // Note that pizzaType is now a closure variable.
      sendMessage(userId, `Please enter the delivery Address.`); 
    function end(userId, pizzaType, address) {
      sendMessage(userId, `Thank you, a ${pizzaType} pizza, will be` +
        + `delivered to ${address} in 30 mins.`);

    Now, if a user after putting his address changes his mind to another pizza type, by just typing the type of the pizza.


    WYSIWYG bot creators are the latest hot stuff. Almost all of them allow integration with external tools via http webhooks.

    bot-context can easily be used with such bot tools. Please see the example, on how could you setup bot-context as a webservice.


    var contextMap = require('bot-context');

    returns an instance of the ContextMap, the following methods are available on it.

    ContextMap extends Map

    A map to hold contexts for all users/keys

    getOrCreate(uKey: string): Context

    Get Or Creates a context given the key.


    • uKey unique key to identify a user. string

    Returns Context


    A context uniqiue for each user. The following methods are available on the context.

    set(matchRegex|matcherFn, contextCallback)

    Set the current context.


    • matchRegex|matchFn (RegExp | Function) Used to match the input
    • contextCallback Callback which is stored in the stack, it can hold references to closure vars.

    #### matcherFn(inputText, callback)

    Matcher method called when matching contexts. It is called with the following params.


    • text string input text
    • callback(boolean) Function Callback resolving to truthy/falsy value.

    #### contextCallback

    Context callback set in the context stack.

    isSet(): boolean

    Returns, is there any context set.

    match(inputText: string, contextMatchedCallback)

    Match an input text to the collection of currently set contexts.


    • inputText string text
    • contextMatchedCallback The callback to be called if matched.


    Callback called when a context is matched, with the following values.


    • err (string | null) Error if any
    • match any the match returned from the matchFn or regex
    • contextCallback the callback which was previously set to the context stack.


    npm i bot-context

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