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axios-cache-adapter

2.4.1 • Public • Published

🚀 axios-cache-adapter Build Status codecov JavaScript Style Guide

Caching adapter for axios. Store request results in a configurable store to prevent unneeded network requests.

Adapted from superapi-cache by @stephanebachelier

Note: Per request override does not work with axios@0.19.0 as mentioned in this issue. Until it is fixed, axios-cache-adapter locks the axios version to 0.18.1

Install

Using npm

npm install --save axios-cache-adapter

Or bower

bower install --save axios-cache-adapter

Or from a CDN like unpkg.com

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://unpkg.com/axios-cache-adapter"></script>

Usage

Instantiate adapter on its own

You can instantiate the axios-cache-adapter on its own using the setupCache() method and then attach the adapter manually to an instance of axios.

// Import dependencies
import axios from 'axios'
import { setupCache } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
 
// Create `axios-cache-adapter` instance
const cache = setupCache({
  maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000
})
 
// Create `axios` instance passing the newly created `cache.adapter`
const api = axios.create({
  adapter: cache.adapter
})
 
// Send a GET request to some REST api
api({
  url: 'http://some-rest.api/url',
  method: 'get'
}).then(async (response) => {
  // Do something fantastic with response.data \o/
  console.log('Request response:', response)
 
  // Interacting with the store, see `localForage` API.
  const length = await cache.store.length()
 
  console.log('Cache store length:', length)
})

Instantiate axios with bound adapter

You can use the setup() method to get an instance of axios pre-configured with the axios-cache-adapter. This will remove axios as a direct dependency in your code.

// Import dependencies
import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
 
// Create `axios` instance with pre-configured `axios-cache-adapter` attached to it
const api = setup({
  // `axios` options
  baseURL: 'http://some-rest.api',
 
  // `axios-cache-adapter` options
  cache: {
    maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000
  }
})
 
// Send a GET request to some REST api
api.get('/url').then(async (response) => {
  // Do something awesome with response.data \o/
  console.log('Request response:', response)
 
  // Interacting with the store, see `localForage` API.
  const length = await api.cache.length()
 
  console.log('Cache store length:', length)
})

Override instance config with per request options

After setting up axios-cache-adapter with a specific cache configuration you can override parts of that configuration on individual requests.

import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
 
const api = setup({
  baseURL: 'https://httpbin.org',
 
  cache: {
    maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000
  }
})
 
// Use global instance config
api.get('/get').then((response) => {
  // Do something awesome with response
})
 
// Override `maxAge` and cache URLs with query parameters
api.get('/get?with=query', {
  cache: {
    maxAge: 2 * 60 * 1000, // 2 min instead of 15 min
    exclude: { query: false }
  }
})
  .then((response) => {
    // Do something beautiful ;)
  })

Note: Not all instance options can be overridden per request, see the API documentation at the end of this readme

Use localforage as cache store

You can give a localforage instance to axios-cache-adapter which will be used to store cache data instead of the default in memory store.

Note: This only works client-side because localforage does not work in Node.js

import localforage from 'localforage'
import memoryDriver from 'localforage-memoryStorageDriver'
import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
 
// `async` wrapper to configure `localforage` and instantiate `axios` with `axios-cache-adapter`
async function configure () {
  // Register the custom `memoryDriver` to `localforage`
  await localforage.defineDriver(memoryDriver)
 
  // Create `localforage` instance
  const forageStore = localforage.createInstance({
    // List of drivers used
    driver: [
      localforage.INDEXEDDB,
      localforage.LOCALSTORAGE,
      memoryDriver._driver
    ],
    // Prefix all storage keys to prevent conflicts
    name: 'my-cache'
  })
 
  // Create `axios` instance with pre-configured `axios-cache-adapter` using a `localforage` store
  return setup({
    // `axios` options
    baseURL: 'http://some-rest.api',
 
    // `axios-cache-adapter` options
    cache: {
      maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000,
      store: forageStore // Pass `localforage` store to `axios-cache-adapter`
    }
  })
}
 
configure().then(async (api) => {
  const response = await api.get('/url')
 
  // Display something beautiful with `response.data` ;)
})

Use redis as cache store

You can give a RedisStore instance to axios-cache-adapter which will be used to store cache data instead of the default in memory store.

Note: This only works server-side

const { setup, RedisStore } = require('axios-cache-adapter')
const redis = require('redis')
 
const client = redis.createClient({
  url: 'REDIS_URL',
})
const store = new RedisStore(client)
const api = setup({
  // `axios` options
  baseURL: 'http://some-rest.api',
  // `axios-cache-adapter` options
  cache: {
    maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000,
    store // Pass `RedisStore` store to `axios-cache-adapter`
  }
})
 
const response = await api.get('/url')

Check if response is served from network or from cache

When a response is served from cache a custom response.request object is created with a fromCache boolean.

// Import dependencies
import assert from 'assert'
import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
 
// Create `axios` instance with pre-configured `axios-cache-adapter`
const api = setup({
  cache: {
    maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000
  }
})
 
// Wrap code in an `async` function
async function exec () {
  // First request will be served from network
  const response = await api.get('http://some-rest.api/url')
 
  // `response.request` will contain the origin `axios` request object
  assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
 
  // Second request to same endpoint will be served from cache
  const anotherResponse = await api.get('http://some-rest.api/url')
 
  // `response.request` will contain `fromCache` boolean
  assert.ok(anotherResponse.request.fromCache === true)
}
 
// Execute our `async` wrapper
exec()

Read stale cache data on network error

You can tell axios-cache-adapter to read stale cache data when a network error occurs using the readOnError option.

readOnError can either be a Boolean telling cache adapter to attempt reading stale cache when any network error happens or a Function which receives the error and request objects and then returns a Boolean.

By default axios-cache-adapter clears stale cache data automatically, this would conflict with activating the readOnError option, so the clearOnStale option should be set to false.

import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
 
const api = setup({
  cache: {
    // Attempt reading stale cache data when response status is either 4xx or 5xx
    readOnError: (error, request) => {
      return error.response.status >= 400 && error.response.status < 600
    },
    // Deactivate `clearOnStale` option so that we can actually read stale cache data
    clearOnStale: false
  }
})
 
// Make a first successful request which will store the response in cache
api.get('https://httpbin.org/get').then(response => {
  // Response will not come from cache
  assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
})
 
// Let's say that the stored data has become stale (default 15min max age has passed)
// and we make the same request but it results in an internal server error (status=500)
api.get('https://httpbin.org/get').then(response => {
  // Response is served from cache
  assert.ok(response.request.fromCache === true)
  // We can check that it actually served stale cache data
  assert.ok(response.request.stale === true)
}).catch(err => {
  // Will not execute this because stale cache data was returned
  // If the attempt at reading stale cache fails, the network error will be thrown and this method executed
})

Note: Passing a function to readOnError is a smarter thing to do as you get to choose when a stale cache read should be attempted instead of doing it on all kind of errors

Invalidate cache entries

By default, a cache entry will be invalidated when a POST, PUT, PATCH or DELETE request is made to the same URL using the following method:

async defaultInvalidate (config, request) {
  const method = request.method.toLowerCase()
 
  if (method !== 'get') {
    await config.store.removeItem(config.uuid)
  }
}

You can customize how axios-cache-adapter invalidates stored cache entries by providing a custom invalidate function.

import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
 
// Create cached axios instance with custom invalidate method
const api = setup({
  cache: {
    // Invalidate only when a specific option is passed through config
    invalidate: async (config, request) => {
      if (request.clearCacheEntry) {
        await config.store.removeItem(config.uuid)
      }
    }
  }
})
 
// Make a request that will get stored into cache
api.get('https://httpbin.org/get').then(response => {
  assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
})
 
// Wait some time
 
// Make another request to same end point but force cache invalidation
api.get('https://httpbin.org/get', { clearCacheEntry: true }).then(response => {
  // Response should not come from cache
  assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
})

Use response headers to automatically set maxAge

When you set the readHeaders option to true, the adapter will try to read cache-control or expires headers to automatically set the maxAge option for the given request.

import assert from 'assert'
import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
 
const api = setup({
  cache: {
    // Tell adapter to attempt using response headers
    readHeaders: true,
    // For this example to work we disable query exclusion
    exclude: { query: false }
  }
})
 
// Make a request which will respond with header `cache-control: max-age=60`
api.get('https://httpbin.org/cache/60').then(response => {
  // Cached `response` will expire one minute later
})
 
// Make a request which responds with header `cache-control: no-cache`
api.get('https://httpbin.org/response-headers?cache-control=no-cache').then(response => {
  // Response will not come from cache
  assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
 
  // Check that query was excluded from cache
  assert.ok(response.request.excludedFromCache === true)
})

Note: For the cache-control header, only the max-age, no-cache and no-store values are interpreted.

API

setupCache(options)

Create a cache adapter instance. Takes an options object to configure how the cached requests will be handled, where they will be stored, etc.

Options

// Options passed to `setupCache()`.
{
  // {Number} Maximum time for storing each request in milliseconds,
  // defaults to 15 minutes when using `setup()`.
  maxAge: 0,
  // {Number} Maximum number of cached request (last in, first out queue system),
  // defaults to `false` for no limit. *Cannot be overridden per request*
  limit: false,
  // {Object} An instance of localforage, defaults to a custom in memory store.
  // *Cannot be overridden per request*
  store: new MemoryStore(),
  // {String|Function} Generate a unique cache key for the request.
  // Will use request url and serialized params by default.
  key: req => req.url + serializeQuery(req.params),
  // {Function} Invalidate stored cache. By default will remove cache when
  // making a `POST`, `PUT`, `PATCH` or `DELETE` query.
  invalidate: async (cfg, req) => {
    const method = req.method.toLowerCase()
    if (method !== 'get') {
      await cfg.store.removeItem(cfg.uuid)
    }
  },
  // {Object} Define which kind of requests should be excluded from cache.
  exclude: {
    // {Array} List of regular expressions to match against request URLs.
    paths: [],
    // {Boolean} Exclude requests with query parameters.
    query: true,
    // {Function} Method which returns a `Boolean` to determine if request
    // should be excluded from cache.
    filter: null
  },
  // {Boolean} Clear cached item when it is stale.
  clearOnStale: true,
  // {Boolean} Clear all cache when a cache write error occurs
  // (prevents size quota problems in `localStorage`).
  clearOnError: true,
  // {Function|Boolean} Determine if stale cache should be read when a network error occurs.
  readOnError: false,
  // {Boolean} Determine if response headers should be read to set `maxAge` automatically.
  // Will try to parse `cache-control` or `expires` headers.
  readHeaders: false,
  // {Boolean} Ignore cache, will force to interpret cache reads as a `cache-miss`.
  // Useful to bypass cache for a given request.
  ignoreCache: false,
  // {Function|Boolean} Print out debug log to console.
  debug: false
}

Returns

setupCache() returns an object containing the configured adapter, the cache store and the config that is applied to this instance.

setup(options)

Create an axios instance pre-configured with the cache adapter. Takes an options object to configure the cache and axios at the same time.

Options

{
  cache: {
    // Options passed to the `setupCache()` method
  }
 
  // Options passed to `axios.create()` method
}

All the other parameters will be passed directly to the axios.create method.

Returns

setup() returns an instance of axios pre-configured with the cache adapter. The cache store is conveniently attached to the axios instance as instance.cache for easy access.

RedisStore(client, [, hashKey])

RedisStore allow you to cache requests on server using redis. Create a RedisStore instance. Takes client (RedisClient) and optional hashKey (name of hashSet to be used in redis).

client

    // Using redis client https://github.com/NodeRedis/node_redis
    // We have tested it with node_redis v.2.8.0 but it's supposed to work smoothly with the comming releases.
    const redis = require("redis")
    const client = redis.createClient()

Returns

new RedisStore() returns an instance of RedisStore to be passed to setupCache() as store in config object.

Per request options

Using the same object definition as the setup method you can override cache options for individual requests.

api.get('https://httpbin.org/get', {
  cache: {
    // Options override
  }
})

All options except limit and store can be overridden per request.

Also the following keys are used internally and therefore should not be set in the options: adapter, uuid, acceptStale.

Building

npm run build

Webpack is used to build umd versions of the library that are placed in the dist folder.

  • cache.js
  • cache.min.js
  • cache.node.js
  • cache.node.min.js

A different version of axios-cache-adapter is generated for node and the browser due to how Webpack 4 uses a target to change how the UMD wrapper is generated using global or window. If you are using the library in node or in your front-end code while using a module bundler (Webpack, rollup, etc) the correct version will be picked up automatically thanks to the "main" and "browser" fields in the package.json.

axios-cache-adapter is developped in ES6+ and uses async/await syntax. It is transpiled to ES5 using babel with preset-env.

Testing

Tests are executed using karma.

To launch a single run tests using ChromeHeadless:

npm test

To launch tests in watch mode in Chrome for easier debugging with devtools:

npm run watch

Browser vs Node.js

axios-cache-adapter was designed to run in the browser. It does work in nodejs using the in memory store. But storing data in memory is not the greatests idea ever.

You can give a store to override the in memory store but it has to comply with the localForage API and localForage does not work in nodejs for very good reasons that are better explained in this issue.

The better choice if you want to use axios-cache-adapter server-side is to use a redis server with a RedisStore instance as explained above in the API section.

License

MIT © Carl Ogren

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