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    axios-cache-adapter
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    2.7.3 • Public • Published

    🚀 axios-cache-adapter Build Status codecov JavaScript Style Guide

    Caching adapter for axios. Store request results in a configurable store to prevent unneeded network requests.

    Adapted from superapi-cache by @stephanebachelier

    Install

    Using npm

    npm install --save axios-cache-adapter

    Or bower

    bower install --save axios-cache-adapter

    Or from a CDN like unpkg.com

    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://unpkg.com/axios-cache-adapter"></script>

    Usage

    Important note: Only GET request results are cached by default. Executing a request using any method listed in exclude.methods will invalidate the cache for the given URL.

    Instantiate adapter on its own

    You can instantiate the axios-cache-adapter on its own using the setupCache() method and then attach the adapter manually to an instance of axios.

    // Import dependencies
    import axios from 'axios'
    import { setupCache } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
    
    // Create `axios-cache-adapter` instance
    const cache = setupCache({
      maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000
    })
    
    // Create `axios` instance passing the newly created `cache.adapter`
    const api = axios.create({
      adapter: cache.adapter
    })
    
    // Send a GET request to some REST api
    api({
      url: 'http://some-rest.api/url',
      method: 'get'
    }).then(async (response) => {
      // Do something fantastic with response.data \o/
      console.log('Request response:', response)
    
      // Interacting with the store, see `localForage` API.
      const length = await cache.store.length()
    
      console.log('Cache store length:', length)
    })

    Instantiate axios with bound adapter

    You can use the setup() method to get an instance of axios pre-configured with the axios-cache-adapter. This will remove axios as a direct dependency in your code.

    // Import dependencies
    import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
    
    // Create `axios` instance with pre-configured `axios-cache-adapter` attached to it
    const api = setup({
      // `axios` options
      baseURL: 'http://some-rest.api',
    
      // `axios-cache-adapter` options
      cache: {
        maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000
      }
    })
    
    // Send a GET request to some REST api
    api.get('/url').then(async (response) => {
      // Do something awesome with response.data \o/
      console.log('Request response:', response)
    
      // Interacting with the store, see `localForage` API.
      const length = await api.cache.length()
    
      console.log('Cache store length:', length)
    })

    Override instance config with per request options

    After setting up axios-cache-adapter with a specific cache configuration you can override parts of that configuration on individual requests.

    import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
    
    const api = setup({
      baseURL: 'https://httpbin.org',
    
      cache: {
        maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000
      }
    })
    
    // Use global instance config
    api.get('/get').then((response) => {
      // Do something awesome with response
    })
    
    // Override `maxAge` and cache URLs with query parameters
    api.get('/get?with=query', {
      cache: {
        maxAge: 2 * 60 * 1000, // 2 min instead of 15 min
        exclude: { query: false }
      }
    })
      .then((response) => {
        // Do something beautiful ;)
      })

    Note: Not all instance options can be overridden per request, see the API documentation at the end of this readme

    Cache POST request results

    You can allow axios-cache-adapter to cache the results of a request using (almost) any HTTP method by modifying the exclude.methods list.

    import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter
    
    const api = setup({
      baseURL: 'https://httpbin.org',
    
      cache: {
        exclude: {
          // Only exclude PUT, PATCH and DELETE methods from cache
          methods: ['put', 'patch', 'delete']
        }
      }
    })
    
    api.post('/post').then((response) => {
      // POST request has been cached \o/
    })

    Note: the request method is not used in the cache store key by default, therefore with the above setup, making a GET or POST request will respond with the same cache.

    Use localforage as cache store

    You can give a localforage instance to axios-cache-adapter which will be used to store cache data instead of the default in memory store.

    Note: This only works client-side because localforage does not work in Node.js

    import localforage from 'localforage'
    import memoryDriver from 'localforage-memoryStorageDriver'
    import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
    
    // `async` wrapper to configure `localforage` and instantiate `axios` with `axios-cache-adapter`
    async function configure () {
      // Register the custom `memoryDriver` to `localforage`
      await localforage.defineDriver(memoryDriver)
    
      // Create `localforage` instance
      const forageStore = localforage.createInstance({
        // List of drivers used
        driver: [
          localforage.INDEXEDDB,
          localforage.LOCALSTORAGE,
          memoryDriver._driver
        ],
        // Prefix all storage keys to prevent conflicts
        name: 'my-cache'
      })
    
      // Create `axios` instance with pre-configured `axios-cache-adapter` using a `localforage` store
      return setup({
        // `axios` options
        baseURL: 'http://some-rest.api',
    
        // `axios-cache-adapter` options
        cache: {
          maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000,
          store: forageStore // Pass `localforage` store to `axios-cache-adapter`
        }
      })
    }
    
    configure().then(async (api) => {
      const response = await api.get('/url')
    
      // Display something beautiful with `response.data` ;)
    })

    Use redis as cache store

    You can give a RedisStore instance to axios-cache-adapter which will be used to store cache data instead of the default in memory store.

    Note: This only works server-side

    const { setup, RedisStore } = require('axios-cache-adapter')
    const redis = require('redis')
    
    const client = redis.createClient({
      url: 'REDIS_URL',
    })
    const store = new RedisStore(client)
    const api = setup({
      // `axios` options
      baseURL: 'http://some-rest.api',
      // `axios-cache-adapter` options
      cache: {
        maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000,
        store // Pass `RedisStore` store to `axios-cache-adapter`
      }
    })
    
    const response = await api.get('/url')

    Use Redis Default Store as Cache Store

    You can give a RedisDefaultStore instance to axios-cache-adapter which will be used to store cache data in Redis using the default commands instead of hash commands.

    Note: This only works server-side

    const { setup, RedisDefaultStore } = require('axios-cache-adapter')
    const redis = require('redis')
    
    const client = redis.createClient({
      url: 'REDIS_URL',
    })
    const store = new RedisDefaultStore(client, {
      prefix: 'namespace_as_prefix' // optional
    })
    const api = setup({
      // `axios` options
      baseURL: 'http://some-rest.api',
      // `axios-cache-adapter` options
      cache: {
        maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000,
        store // Pass `RedisDefaultStore` store to `axios-cache-adapter`
      }
    })
    
    const response = await api.get('/url')

    Check if response is served from network or from cache

    When a response is served from cache a custom response.request object is created with a fromCache boolean.

    // Import dependencies
    import assert from 'assert'
    import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
    
    // Create `axios` instance with pre-configured `axios-cache-adapter`
    const api = setup({
      cache: {
        maxAge: 15 * 60 * 1000
      }
    })
    
    // Wrap code in an `async` function
    async function exec () {
      // First request will be served from network
      const response = await api.get('http://some-rest.api/url')
    
      // `response.request` will contain the origin `axios` request object
      assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
    
      // Second request to same endpoint will be served from cache
      const anotherResponse = await api.get('http://some-rest.api/url')
    
      // `response.request` will contain `fromCache` boolean
      assert.ok(anotherResponse.request.fromCache === true)
    }
    
    // Execute our `async` wrapper
    exec()

    Read stale cache data on network error

    You can tell axios-cache-adapter to read stale cache data when a network error occurs using the readOnError option.

    readOnError can either be a Boolean telling cache adapter to attempt reading stale cache when any network error happens or a Function which receives the error and request objects and then returns a Boolean.

    By default axios-cache-adapter clears stale cache data automatically, this would conflict with activating the readOnError option, so the clearOnStale option should be set to false.

    import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
    
    const api = setup({
      cache: {
        // Attempt reading stale cache data when response status is either 4xx or 5xx
        readOnError: (error, request) => {
          return error.response.status >= 400 && error.response.status < 600
        },
        // Deactivate `clearOnStale` option so that we can actually read stale cache data
        clearOnStale: false
      }
    })
    
    // Make a first successful request which will store the response in cache
    api.get('https://httpbin.org/get').then(response => {
      // Response will not come from cache
      assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
    })
    
    // Let's say that the stored data has become stale (default 15min max age has passed)
    // and we make the same request but it results in an internal server error (status=500)
    api.get('https://httpbin.org/get').then(response => {
      // Response is served from cache
      assert.ok(response.request.fromCache === true)
      // We can check that it actually served stale cache data
      assert.ok(response.request.stale === true)
    }).catch(err => {
      // Will not execute this because stale cache data was returned
      // If the attempt at reading stale cache fails, the network error will be thrown and this method executed
    })

    Note: Passing a function to readOnError is a smarter thing to do as you get to choose when a stale cache read should be attempted instead of doing it on all kind of errors

    Invalidate cache entries

    Using the default invalidation method, a cache entry will be invalidated if a request is made using one of the methods listed in exclude.methods.

    async function defaultInvalidate (config, request) {
      const method = request.method.toLowerCase()
    
      if (config.exclude.methods.includes(method)) {
        await config.store.removeItem(config.uuid)
      }
    }

    You can customize how axios-cache-adapter invalidates stored cache entries by providing a custom invalidate function.

    import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
    
    // Create cached axios instance with custom invalidate method
    const api = setup({
      cache: {
        // Invalidate only when a specific option is passed through config
        invalidate: async (config, request) => {
          if (request.clearCacheEntry) {
            await config.store.removeItem(config.uuid)
          }
        }
      }
    })
    
    // Make a request that will get stored into cache
    api.get('https://httpbin.org/get').then(response => {
      assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
    })
    
    // Wait some time
    
    // Make another request to same end point but force cache invalidation
    api.get('https://httpbin.org/get', { clearCacheEntry: true }).then(response => {
      // Response should not come from cache
      assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
    })

    Use response headers to automatically set maxAge

    When you set the readHeaders option to true, the adapter will try to read cache-control or expires headers to automatically set the maxAge option for the given request.

    import assert from 'assert'
    import { setup } from 'axios-cache-adapter'
    
    const api = setup({
      cache: {
        // Tell adapter to attempt using response headers
        readHeaders: true,
        // For this example to work we disable query exclusion
        exclude: { query: false }
      }
    })
    
    // Make a request which will respond with header `cache-control: max-age=60`
    api.get('https://httpbin.org/cache/60').then(response => {
      // Cached `response` will expire one minute later
    })
    
    // Make a request which responds with header `cache-control: no-cache`
    api.get('https://httpbin.org/response-headers?cache-control=no-cache').then(response => {
      // Response will not come from cache
      assert.ok(response.request.fromCache !== true)
    
      // Check that query was excluded from cache
      assert.ok(response.request.excludedFromCache === true)
    })

    Note: For the cache-control header, only the max-age, no-cache and no-store values are interpreted.

    API

    setupCache(options)

    Create a cache adapter instance. Takes an options object to configure how the cached requests will be handled, where they will be stored, etc.

    Options

    // Options passed to `setupCache()`.
    {
      // {Number} Maximum time for storing each request in milliseconds,
      // defaults to 15 minutes when using `setup()`.
      maxAge: 0,
      // {Number} Maximum number of cached request (last in, first out queue system),
      // defaults to `false` for no limit. *Cannot be overridden per request*
      limit: false,
      // {Object} An instance of localforage, defaults to a custom in memory store.
      // *Cannot be overridden per request*
      store: new MemoryStore(),
      // {String|Function} Generate a unique cache key for the request.
      // Will use request url and serialized params by default.
      key: req => req.url + serializeQuery(req.params),
      // {Function} Invalidate stored cache. By default will remove cache when
      // making a request with method not `GET`, `POST`, `PUT`, `PATCH` or `DELETE` query.
      invalidate: async (cfg, req) => {
        const method = req.method.toLowerCase()
        if (method !== 'get') {
          await cfg.store.removeItem(cfg.uuid)
        }
      },
      // {Object} Define which kind of requests should be excluded from cache.
      exclude: {
        // {Array} List of regular expressions to match against request URLs.
        paths: [],
        // {Boolean} Exclude requests with query parameters.
        query: true,
        // {Function} Method which returns a `Boolean` to determine if request
        // should be excluded from cache.
        filter: null,
        // {Array} HTTP methods which will be excluded from cache.
        // Defaults to `['post', 'patch', 'put', 'delete']`
        // Any methods listed will also trigger cache invalidation while using the default `config.invalidate` method.
        //
        // Note: the HEAD method is always excluded (hard coded).
        // the OPTIONS method is ignored by this library as it is automatically handled by browsers/clients to resolve cross-site request permissions
        methods: ['post', 'patch', 'put', 'delete']
      },
      // {Boolean} Clear cached item when it is stale.
      clearOnStale: true,
      // {Boolean} Clear all cache when a cache write error occurs
      // (prevents size quota problems in `localStorage`).
      clearOnError: true,
      // {Function|Boolean} Determine if stale cache should be read when a network error occurs.
      readOnError: false,
      // {Boolean} Determine if response headers should be read to set `maxAge` automatically.
      // Will try to parse `cache-control` or `expires` headers.
      readHeaders: false,
      // {Boolean} Ignore cache, will force to interpret cache reads as a `cache-miss`.
      // Useful to bypass cache for a given request.
      ignoreCache: false,
      // {Function|Boolean} Print out debug log to console.
      debug: false
    }

    Returns

    setupCache() returns an object containing the configured adapter, the cache store and the config that is applied to this instance.

    setup(options)

    Create an axios instance pre-configured with the cache adapter. Takes an options object to configure the cache and axios at the same time.

    Options

    {
      cache: {
        // Options passed to the `setupCache()` method
      }
    
      // Options passed to `axios.create()` method
    }

    All the other parameters will be passed directly to the axios.create method.

    Returns

    setup() returns an instance of axios pre-configured with the cache adapter. The cache store is conveniently attached to the axios instance as instance.cache for easy access.

    RedisStore(client, [, hashKey])

    RedisStore allow you to cache requests on server using redis. Create a RedisStore instance. Takes client (RedisClient) and optional hashKey (name of hashSet to be used in redis).

    client

        // Using redis client https://github.com/NodeRedis/node_redis
        // We have tested it with node_redis v.2.8.0 but it's supposed to work smoothly with the comming releases.
        const redis = require("redis")
        const client = redis.createClient()

    Returns

    new RedisStore() returns an instance of RedisStore to be passed to setupCache() as store in config object.

    Per request options

    Using the same object definition as the setup method you can override cache options for individual requests.

    api.get('https://httpbin.org/get', {
      cache: {
        // Options override
      }
    })

    All options except limit and store can be overridden per request.

    Also the following keys are used internally and therefore should not be set in the options: adapter, uuid, acceptStale.

    Building

    npm run build

    Webpack is used to build umd versions of the library that are placed in the dist folder.

    • cache.js
    • cache.min.js
    • cache.node.js
    • cache.node.min.js

    A different version of axios-cache-adapter is generated for node and the browser due to how Webpack 4 uses a target to change how the UMD wrapper is generated using global or window. If you are using the library in node or in your front-end code while using a module bundler (Webpack, rollup, etc) the correct version will be picked up automatically thanks to the "main" and "browser" fields in the package.json.

    axios-cache-adapter is developped in ES6+ and uses async/await syntax. It is transpiled to ES5 using babel with preset-env.

    Testing

    Tests are executed using karma.

    To launch a single run tests using ChromeHeadless:

    npm test

    To launch tests in watch mode in Chrome for easier debugging with devtools:

    npm run watch

    Browser vs Node.js

    axios-cache-adapter was designed to run in the browser. It does work in nodejs using the in memory store. But storing data in memory is not the greatests idea ever.

    You can give a store to override the in memory store but it has to comply with the localForage API and localForage does not work in nodejs for very good reasons that are better explained in this issue.

    The better choice if you want to use axios-cache-adapter server-side is to use a redis server with a RedisStore instance as explained above in the API section.

    License

    MIT © Carl Ogren

    Install

    npm i axios-cache-adapter

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

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    Version

    2.7.3

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

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    • rascarlito