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    astro-service-worker

    0.1.2 • Public • Published

    Astro-service-worker

    ⚙️ Offline-capable Astro apps via SWSR (Service Worker Side Rendering)

    astro-service-worker will take your Astro SSR project, and create a service worker build out of it. This has several benefits:

    • Your app is now offline-capable
    • Your app is now installable
    • The function invocations of your hosting provider are reduced dramatically, because requests can be served by the service worker in-browser
    • Huge performance benefits
    • It's a progressive enhancement

    All you have to do is add the integration, and consider that the code you write in your Astro frontmatter will now also need to run in the browser/service-worker. This means that you will not be able to make use of Nodejs built-in dependencies, or other commonjs libraries. If you still want to write server-only code, you can use the networkOnly configuration option.

    Usage

    serviceWorker

    Install:

    npm i -S astro-service-worker
    

    Add the integration to your configuration:

    astro.config.mjs:

    import { defineConfig } from 'astro/config';
    import netlify from '@astrojs/netlify';
    import serviceWorker from 'astro-service-worker';
    
    export default defineConfig({
      adapter: netlify(),
      integrations: [
        /** Creates a client-side service worker */
        serviceWorker()
      ]
    });

    Note: astro-service-worker requires your app to run in SSR mode, instead of SSG mode.

    worker

    This package also includes an adapter to build your apps for worker-like environments, such as cloudflare.

    astro.config.mjs:

    import { defineConfig } from 'astro/config';
    import worker from 'astro-service-worker/adapter';
    
    export default defineConfig({
      /** Creates an integration for worker-like environments */
      adapter: worker()
    });

    Configuration

    serviceWorker

    import serviceWorker from 'astro-service-worker';
    
    export default defineConfig({
      integrations: [
        serviceWorker({
          /** Provide custom service worker logic */
          swSrc: 'user-sw.js',
    
          /** 
           * Excludes specific pages from the service worker bundle, and forces them to always go to the network
           * This is useful for server-only specific code, for example database connections
           */
          networkOnly: ['/networkonly-astro'],
    
          /** Configure workbox options */
          workbox: {},
    
          /** Both default to true, useful if you want to provide a custom installation experience */
          skipWaiting: false,
          clientsClaim: false,
    
          /** Configure esbuild options */
          esbuild: {},
    
          /** Enables minifcation for esbuild, defaults to true */
          minify: false,
    
          /** Override the default service worker registration and update script */
          swScript: '',
        }),
      ]
    });

    worker

    import worker, { cloudflare } from 'astro-service-worker/adapter';
    
    export default defineConfig({
      /** Using a preset: */
      adapter: worker(cloudflare),
    
      /** Configuration: */
      adapter: worker({
        /** Provide a module specifier to a custom shim file */
        shim: [
          /** local module */
          `${process.cwd()}/custom-shim.js`,
          /** bare module specifier */
          '@worker-tools/location-polyfill'
        ],
      })
    });

    Advanced configuration

    serviceWorker: Overwriting Workbox options

    Internally, astro-service-worker makes use of Workbox's injectManifest functionality. You can overwrite the default configuration via the workbox options:

    export default defineConfig({
      integrations: [
        serviceWorker({
          workbox: {
            globPatterns: ['**/*.{js,css,html,png,jpeg}'],
          }
        }),
      ]
    });

    serviceWorker: Adding custom Service Worker logic

    It could be the case that you need to extend the Service Worker to add custom logic. To do this, you can use the swSrc option.

    export default defineConfig({
      integrations: [
        serviceWorker({
          swSrc: 'my-custom-sw.js',
        }),
      ]
    });

    my-project/my-custom-sw.js:

    self.addEventListener('activate', (e) => {
      console.log('Custom logic!');
    });

    Note that if you want to add custom logic for the 'fetch' handler, you should use a middleware instead.

    Note that you can also use modules in your custom service worker logic:

    import { registerRoute } from 'workbox-routing';
    import { StaleWhileRevalidate } from 'workbox-strategies';
    
    registerRoute(
      /^https:\/\/fonts\.googleapis\.com/,
      new StaleWhileRevalidate({
        cacheName: 'google-fonts-stylesheets',
      })
    );

    serviceWorker: Combine with other integrations

    You can also combine this integration with other integrations.

    import { defineConfig } from 'astro/config';
    import netlify from '@astrojs/netlify';
    import customElements from 'custom-elements-ssr/astro.js';
    import serviceWorker from 'astro-service-worker';
    
    export default defineConfig({
      adapter: netlify(),
      integrations: [
        customElements(),
        serviceWorker()
      ]
    });

    serviceWorker: Network-only

    It could be the case that you would like to make use of some server-only endpoints or pages, perhaps for creating database connections, or other things that depend on Nodejs built-in modules that are not available in the browser. If that is the case, you can specify which page you'd like to exclude from the service worker bundle:

    export default defineConfig({
      integrations: [
        serviceWorker({
          networkOnly: ['/networkonly-page', '/db-endpoint', 'etc']
        }),
      ]
    });

    worker: Shim

    It could be the case that other integrations will need to shim certain API's in the service worker, however. In this case, you can provide a custom import. The imports you provide here will be put at the very top of the service worker module before bundling.

    import { defineConfig } from 'astro/config';
    import worker from 'astro-service-worker/adapter';
    
    export default defineConfig({
      adapter: worker({
        shim: [
          // local module
          `${process.cwd()}/custom-shim.js`,
          // bare module specifier
          '@worker-tools/location-polyfill'
        ]
      }),
    });

    worker: Presets

    The adapter also comes with some environment specific presets, for example if you're deploying on cloudflare, you'll want to use the cloudflare preset:

    import worker, { cloudflare } from 'astro-service-worker/adapter';
    
    export default defineConfig({
      adapter: worker(cloudflare)
    });

    If no wrangler.toml is present, one will be created for you. If a wrangler.toml is already present, you're in charge of adding the required settings, here's an example:

    name = "cloudflare-astro" # Name of your project
    main = "dist/worker/index.js" # Path to your function
    
    [site]
    bucket = './dist' # Path to where your static assets are located

    worker|serviceWorker: Middleware

    It's also possible to add custom middleware to your service worker. To do so, you can add a function to self.MIDDLEWARE. A middleware function gets passed the event as well as Astro's SSR manifest, e.g.: middleware(event, manifest).

    If a middleware returns a response, other middleware will no longer run, and event.respondWith will be called with the response from the middleware that returned.

    By default, Astro is the first middleware in the MIDDLEWARE array. You can add any additional middleware to run after Astro. If you need to run code before Astro, you should prepend your middleware function to the self.MIDDLEWARE array, instead of pushing it to the end of the array. If no middleware has returned a response, the request will be sent to the network instead or when ran on the server, return a 404.

    serviceWorker:

    For client-side service workers, you can configure this via the swSrc property:

    serviceWorker({swSrc: 'custom-handler.js'})

    Where /custom-handler.js:

    self.MIDDLEWARE.push((event, manifest) => {
      const url = new URL(event.request.url);
      if (url.pathname.endsWith('.jpg')) {
        return caches.match(event.request);
      }
    });

    worker:

    If you're creating a preset for a server-run worker-like environment, you can do this in a shim file, for example:

    worker({shim: [`${process.cwd()}/my-shim.js`]})

    Where /my-shim.js:

    import { getAssetFromKV } from '@cloudflare/kv-asset-handler';
    
    self.MIDDLEWARE.push((event, manifest) => {
      const url = new URL(event.request.url);
    
      if(manifest.assets.has(url.pathname)) {
        return getAssetFromKV(event);
      }
    });

    Future: Streaming astro apps

    In the future, once Astro release streaming responses, we can make use of that to improve performance even further:

    /blog/[id].astro:

    ---
    import Header from '../src/components/Header.astro';
    import Sidemenu from '../src/components/Sidemenu.astro';
    import Footer from '../src/components/Footer.astro';
    const { id } = Astro.params;
    ---
    <html>
      <Header/>
      <Sidemenu/>
      {fetch(`/blog/${id}.html`).then(render)}
      <Footer/>
    </html>

    In a similar fashion to this Workbox example:

    import { strategy } from 'workbox-streams';
    import { registerRoute } from 'workbox-core';
    
    const streamResponse = strategy([
      () => caches.match(HEADER_CACHE_KEY, {cacheName: CACHE_NAME}),
      () => `<nav>sidebar<ul><li><a href="/about">about</a></li></ul></nav>`,
      ({event}) => apiStrategy.handle({
        event: event,
        request: new Request('/content/foo.md'),
      }),
      () => caches.match(FOOTER_CACHE_KEY, {cacheName: CACHE_NAME}),
    ]);
    
    registerRoute('/foo', streamResponse);

    As Alex Russell says:

    This is awesome because it means that you can now get the document starting to request your (SW cached) CSS, JS, and other "header" resources in parallel with SW startup and the network fetch. None of the steps serialise until content comes back.

    Given that the Astro's render function is a tagged template literal which returns an Astro component, which is an async Iterable, it seems like this future may not be far off:

    class AstroComponent {
      constructor(htmlParts, expressions) {
        this.htmlParts = htmlParts;
        this.expressions = expressions;
      }
      get [Symbol.toStringTag]() {
        return "AstroComponent";
      }
      *[Symbol.iterator]() {
        const { htmlParts, expressions } = this;
        for (let i = 0; i < htmlParts.length; i++) {
          const html = htmlParts[i];
          const expression = expressions[i];
          yield markHTMLString(html);
          yield _render(expression);
        }
      }
    }

    Install

    npm i astro-service-worker

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    17

    Version

    0.1.2

    License

    none

    Unpacked Size

    24.9 kB

    Total Files

    12

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • passle