arguejs

ArgueJS is a library that allows you to delightfully extend your methods's signatures with optional parameters, default values and type-checking.

#ArgueJS

ArgueJS is a library that allows you to delightfully extend your methods's signatures with optional parameters, default values and type-checking.

Let's suppose we want to rewrite the well known method range from underscorejs.

Note that documentation says its method signature is range([start], stop, [step]). With ArgueJS we could type just this way:

function range(){ 
  arguments = __({start: [Number, 0], stop: Number, step: [Number, 1]})
 
  for(var i = arguments.start; i < arguments.stop; i += arguments.step)
    console.log(i);
}
>>> range(3)
 0
 1
 2
>>> range(3, 5)
 3
 4
>>> range(0, 5, 2)
 0
 2
 4

ArgueJS is available for both node.js and the browser.

###Node.js

Package is available through npm:

$ npm install arguejs

Include the ArgueJS browser build in your pages.

<script src="argue.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

This will provide __ as a global object, or define it if you are using AMD.

The latest version will be available for hot-linking at http://raw.github.com/zvictor/ArgueJS/master/argue.js. If you prefer to host yourself, use the argue.js file from the root of the github project.

When writing your JavaScript methods with ArgueJS, have in mind that you will not use conventional parameters definition as you used before. Actually, all your methods should be defined without them.

Just at the beggining of your method scope, you should pass an object defining your method signature into a call to __ and save its reference for later.

function person(){
  var paramDefinition = {name: String, age: Number};
  arguments = __(paramDefinition);
  // String name is now referenced by arguments.name 
  // Number age is now referenced by arguments.age 
  return arguments;
}
>>> Person('John', 27).name
 'John'
>>> Person('John', 27).age
 27

Type-checking ensures your arguments are what you expected, and throws errors when not.

example:

function age(){
  arguments = __({born: Date})
  // ... 
>>> age('01/10/1988')
 Error: parameter 'born' waiting for a Date argument but received a String

The special data type undefined can be used to allow the parameter to be of any type.

example:

function Book(){
  arguments = __({title: undefined})
  // ... 
  return arguments.title;
}
>>> book('Animal Farm: a Fairy Story')
 'Animal Farm: a Fairy Story'
>>> book(1984)
 1984
  • String
  • Number
  • Boolean
  • Array
  • Function
  • Object
  • Date
  • RegExp
  • undefined

Optional parameters are great to avoid a mess of conditional clauses at the beggining of your method. To make a parameter optional, declare its type inside of an Array, like this: {name: [String]}

example:

function unique(){
  arguments = __({array: Array, isSorted: [Boolean], iterator: [Function])
  // Array array is required 
  // Boolean isSorted is optional 
  // Function iterator is optional 
  
  // ... 

If no value is passed to an optional parameter, then its argument value will be undefined. To set a default value for your parameter, take a look at default values.

When writing methods, sometimes you want to override the value of an undefined argument by a default value. The sintax to do this is similiar to optional parameters. That is because a parameter with default value is an optional parameter by itself.

To set a default value for a parameter declare its type and its default value inside of an Array, like this: {name: [String, 'unknown']}

example:

function unique(){
  arguments = __({array: Array, isSorted: [Boolean, false], iterator: [Function, function(element){
    return element;
  }])
  // Array array is required 
  // Boolean isSorted is optional and its default value is false 
  // Function iterator is optional and its default value is the function declared above 
  
  // ... 

If you do not care about its type, but just want it to have a default value, you should type your parameter as undefined

example:

  arguments = __({name: [undefined, 'unknown']);

This project is in its very early stages and any help, suggestion or posted issue will be very appreciated.