accessibility-checker
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    3.1.9 • Public • Published

    accessibility-checker

    Overview

    accessibility-checker is a NodeJS Module that allows you to perform integrated accessibility testing within a continuous integration pipeline such as Travis CI. It works with parsing engines such as Selenium, Puppeteer, Playwright, and Zombie. Note that we have seen some non-standard CSS parsing with Zombie, so be aware of inconsistencies as a result.

    accessibility-checker works with a variety of test frameworks such as Cucumber, Mocha, or Jasmine. accessibility-checker allows users to scan HTML nodes/widgets, URLs, local files, HTML documents, and HTML content in the form of a string. Aside from just performing accessibility scanning, accessibility-checker provides a framework to validate accessibility scan results against baseline files and/or simply failing the testcases based on the levels of violations found during the scan.

    Quick Start

    Grab a boilerplate

    Install accessibility-checker:

    $ npm install --save-dev accessibility-checker

    Use the command-line version:

    • Install globally
    $ npm install -g accessibility-checker
    • Run command-line tool after globally installed
    $ achecker

    Getting Started

    1. Setup and Initialize - Follow the Prerequisites and Install instructions.
    2. Configure accessibility-checker - Follow the Configuration instructions.
    3. Learn how to use APIs to perform accessibility scans - Refer to Usage and APIs documentation.
    4. Give us feedback.

    Prerequisites

    1. Install NodeJS and NPM
    2. Some testing framework (e.g., mocha, jasmine)
    3. Browser automation / parser (e.g., Selenium, Puppeteer, Playwright, Zombie)

    Install

    Install the accessibility-checker module:

    $ npm install --save-dev accessibility-checker

    Configuration

    Configuring accessibility-checker

    A default configuration is defined which uses the latest archive, IBM_Accessibility policy, and some default settings. If you would like to override any of these values, create an accessibility-checker configuration file.

    Configuring accessibility-checker plugin involves constructing a .achecker.yml file in the project root, which will contain all the configuration options for accessibility-checker. Following is the structure of the .achecker.yml file:

    # optional - Specify the rule archive
    # Default: latest
    # Run `npx achecker archives` for a list of valid ruleArchive ids and policy ids
    ruleArchive: latest
    
    # optional - Specify one or many policies to scan.
    # i.e. For one policy use policies: IBM_Accessibility
    # i.e. Multiple policies: IBM_Accessibility,IBM_Accessibility_BETA
    # Run `npx achecker archives` for a list of valid ruleArchive ids and policy ids
    policies:
        - IBM_Accessibility
    
    # optional - Specify one or many violation levels on which to fail the test
    #            i.e. If specified violation then the testcase will only fail if
    #                 a violation is found during the scan.
    # i.e. failLevels: violation
    # i.e. failLevels: violation,potential violation or refer to below as a list
    # Default: violation, potentialviolation
    failLevels:
        - violation
        - potentialviolation
    
    # optional - Specify one or many violation levels which should be reported
    #            i.e. If specified violation then in the report it would only contain
    #                 results which are level of violation.
    # i.e. reportLevels: violation
    # Valid values: violation, potentialviolation, recommendation, potentialrecommendation, manual
    # Default: violation, potentialviolation
    reportLevels:
        - violation
        - potentialviolation
        - recommendation
        - potentialrecommendation
        - manual
    
    # Optional - In which fornats should the results be output
    # Valid values: json, csv, html
    # Default: json
    outputFormat:
        - json
    
    # Optional - Specify labels that you would like associated to your scan
    #
    # i.e.
    #   label: Firefox,master,V12,Linux
    #   label:
    #       - Firefox
    #       - master
    #       - V12
    #       - Linux
    # Default: N/A
    label:
        - master
    
    # optional - Where the scan results should be saved.
    # Default: results
    outputFolder: results
    
    # optional - Where the baseline results should be loaded from
    # Default: baselines
    baselineFolder: test/baselines

    A similar aceconfig.js file can also be used:

    module.exports = {
        ruleArchive: "latest",
        policies: ["IBM_Accessibility"],
        failLevels: ["violation", "potentialviolation"],
        reportLevels: [
            "violation",
            "potentialviolation",
            "recommendation",
            "potentialrecommendation",
            "manual",
            "pass",
        ],
        outputFormat: ["json"],
        label: [process.env.TRAVIS_BRANCH],
        outputFolder: "results",
        baselineFolder: "test/baselines",
    };

    Usage

    Command-line

    The module provides some basic command-line utilities that will allow you to scan files, directories, or URLs. You can also create a .txt file with path(s) to files, directories or a list of urls to be scanned, then provide the npx achecker the full path of the .txt file to start the scan (e.g. npx achecker path/to/your/file.txt). Run npx achecker for more information.

    Programmatic

    Following is how to perform an accessibility scan within your testcases and verifying the scan results:

    const aChecker = require("accessibility-checker");
    // Perform the accessibility scan using the aChecker.getCompliance API
    aChecker.getCompliance(testDataFileContent, testLabel).then((results) => {
        const report = results.report;
    
        // Call the aChecker.assertCompliance API which is used to compare the results with baseline object if we can find one that
        // matches the same label which was provided.
        const returnCode = aChecker.assertCompliance(report);
    
        // In the case that the violationData is not defined then trigger an error right away.
        expect(returnCode).toBe(0, "Scanning " + testLabel + " failed.");
    });

    Refer to Examples for sample usage scenarios.

    APIs

    async aChecker.getCompliance(content, label : string)

    Execute accessibility scan on provided content. content can be in the following form:

    • HTML content (String)
    • Single node/widget (HTMLElement)
    • Local file path (String)
    • URL (String)
    • Document node (HTMLDocument)
    • Selenium WebDriver (WebDriver)
    • Puppeteer page
    • Playwright page

    Note: When using Selenium WebDriver the aChecker.getCompliance API will only take Selenium WebDriver (WebDriver) instance. When using puppeteer, aChecker.getCompliance expects the Page object.

    Using a callback mechanism (callback) to extract the results and perform assertion using accessibility-checker APIs.

    • content - (String | HTMLElement | HTMLDocument | Selenium WebDriver) content to be scanned for accessibility violations.
    • label - (String) unique label to identify this accessibility scan from others. Using "/" in the label allows for directory hierarchy when results are saved.
    • Returns a promise with an object of the form below:
    {
        // reference to a webdriver object if Selenium WebDriver was used for the scan
        webdriver: undefined,
        // reference to a puppeteer object if Puppeteer was used for the scan
        // Puppeteer is used for string, URL, and file scans
        puppeteer: undefined,
        report: {
            scanID: "18504e0c-fcaa-4a78-a07c-4f96e433f3e7",
            toolID: "accessibility-checker-v2.0.8",
            // Label passed to getCompliance
            label: "MyTestLabel",
            // Number of rules executed
            numExecuted: 137,
            nls: {
                // Mapping of result.ruleId, result.reasonId to get a tokenized string for the result. Message args are result.messageArgs
                "WCAG20_Html_HasLang": {
                    "Pass_0": "Page language detected as {0}"
                },
                // ...
            },
            summary: {
                URL: "https://www.ibm.com",
                counts: {
                    violation: 1,
                    potentialviolation: 0,
                    recommendation: 0,
                    potentialrecommendation: 0,
                    manual: 0,
                    pass: 136,
                    ignored: 0
                },
                scanTime: 29,
                ruleArchive: "September 2019 Deployment (2019SeptDeploy)",
                policies: [
                    "IBM_Accessibility"
                ],
                reportLevels: [
                    "violation",
                    "potentialviolation",
                    "recommendation",
                    "potentialrecommendation",
                    "manual"
                ],
                startScan: 1470103006149
            },
            results: [
                {
                    // Which rule triggered?
                    "ruleId": "WCAG20_Html_HasLang",
                    // In what way did the rule trigger?
                    "reasonId": "Pass_0",
                    "value": [
                        // Is this rule based on a VIOLATION, RECOMMENDATION or INFORMATION
                        "VIOLATION",
                        // PASS, FAIL, POTENTIAL, or MANUAL
                        "PASS"
                    ],
                    "path": {
                        // xpath
                        "dom": "/html[1]",
                        // path of ARIA roles
                        "aria": ""
                    },
                    "ruleTime": 0,
                    // Generated message
                    "message": "Page language detected as en",
                    // Arguments to the message
                    "messageArgs": [
                        "en"
                    ],
                    "apiArgs": [],
                    // Bounding box of the element
                    "bounds": {
                        "left": 0,
                        "top": 0,
                        "height": 143,
                        "width": 800
                    },
                    // HTML snippet of the element
                    "snippet": "<html lang=\"en\">",
                    // What category is this rule?
                    "category": "Accessibility",
                    // Was this issue ignored due to a baseline?
                    "ignored": false,
                    // Summary of the value: violation, potentialviolation, recommendation, potentialrecommendation, manual, pass
                    "level": "pass"
                },
                // ...
            ]
        }
    }

    aChecker.assertCompliance(report)

    Perform assertion on the scan results. Will perform one of the following assertions based on the condition that is met:

    1. In the case of a baseline file is provided and available in memory for these scan results, a compare of baseline to report will be made. In this case if report matches baseline, it returns 0, otherwise returns 1. For this case, assertion is only run on the xpath and ruleId.

    2. In the case of NO baseline file is provided for this particular scan, assertion will be made based on the provided failLevels. In this case, it returns 2 if there are failures based on failLevels. (violation level matches at least one provided in the failLevels object)

    • report - (Object) results for which assertion needs to be run. See above for report format.

    Returns 0 in the case actualResults matches baseline or no violations fall into the failLevels

    Returns 1 in the case actualResults DON'T match baseline

    Returns 2 in the case that there is a failure based on failLevels.

    Returns -1 in the case that an exception has occurred during scanning and the results reflected that.

    aChecker.getDiffResults(label)

    Retrieve the diff results based on label in the case API aChecker.assertCompliance(...) returns 1, when actualResults DON'T match baseline.

    • label - (String) label for which to get the diff results for. (should match the one provided for aChecker.getCompliance(...))

    Returns a diff object, where left hand side (lhs) is actualResults and right hand side (rhs) is baseline. Refer to deep-diff documentation for the format of the diff object, and how to interpret the object.

    Returns undefined if there are no differences.

    aChecker.getBaseline(label)

    Retrieve the baseline result object based on the label provided.

    • label - (String) label for which to get the baseline for. (should match the one provided for aChecker.getCompliance(...))

    Returns object which will follow the same structure as the results object outlined in aChecker.getCompliance and aChecker.assertCompliance APIs.

    Returns undefined in the case baseline is not found for the label provided.

    aChecker.diffResultsWithExpected(actual, expected, clean)

    Compare provided actual and expected objects and get the differences if there are any.

    • actual - (Object) actual results which need to be compared. Refer to aChecker.assertCompliance APIs for details on properties include.
    • expected - (Object) expected results to compare to. Refer to aChecker.assertCompliance APIs for details on properties include.
    • clean - (boolean) clean the actual and expected results by converting the objects to match with a basic compliance compare of only xpath and ruleID

    Returns a diff object, where left hand side (lhs) is actualResults and right hand side (rhs) is baseline. Refer to deep-diff documentation for the format of the diff object, and how to interpret the object.

    Returns undefined if there are no differences.

    aChecker.stringifyResults(report)

    Retrieve the readable stringified representation of the scan results.

    • report - (Object) results which need to be stringified. Refer to aChecker.assertCompliance APIs for details on properties include.

    Returns String representation of the scan results which can be logged to console.

    async aChecker.getConfig()

    Retrieve the configuration object used by accessibility-checker. See aceconfig.js / .achecker.yml above for details

    async aChecker.close()

    Close puppeteer pages and other resources that may be used by accessibility-checker.

    Errors

    Error: labelNotProvided

    This is a subtype of Error defined by the accessibility-checker plugin. It is considered a programming error. labelNotProvided is thrown from aChecker.getCompliance(...) method call when a label is not provided to function call for the scan that is to be performed. Note: A label must always be provided when calling aChecker.getCompliance(...) function.

    Error: labelNotUnique

    This is a subtype of Error defined by the accessibility-checker plugin. It is considered a programming error. labelNotUnique is thrown from aChecker.getCompliance(...) method call when a unique label is not provided to function call for the scan that is to be performed. Note: Across all accessibility scans the label provided must always be unique.

    Error: RuleArchiveInvalid

    This is a subtype of Error defined by the accessibility-checker plugin. It is considered a programming error.

    RuleArchiveInvalid is thrown from [aChecker.getCompliance(...)] during verification of rule archive in the configuration file. The error occurs when the provided ruleArchive value in the configuration file is invalid.

    Error: ValidPoliciesMissing

    This is a subtype of Error defined by the accessibility-checker plugin. It is considered a programming error.

    ValidPoliciesMissing is thrown from [aChecker.getCompliance(...)] method call when no valid policies are in the configuration file. Note: The valid policies will vary depending on the selected ruleArchive.

    Feedback

    If you are an IBM employee, feel free to provide any feedback by in the #accessibility-at-ibm channel in IBM Slack. For all other users, please give use any feedback in GitHub Issues.

    Reporting bugs

    If you think you've found a bug, have questions or suggestions, please report the bug in GitHub Issues.

    Install

    npm i accessibility-checker

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    2,448

    Version

    3.1.9

    License

    Apache-2.0

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