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    Zeta SDK 🔌

    Discord Chat License

    Zeta SDK

    This is the typescript library to interact with our Zeta program smart contract.

    Learn more about Zeta.

    Try out Zeta devnet.

    Devnet variables

    Key Value
    PROGRAM_ID BG3oRikW8d16YjUEmX3ZxHm9SiJzrGtMhsSR8aCw1Cd7

    Mainnet variables

    Key Value
    PROGRAM_ID ZETAxsqBRek56DhiGXrn75yj2NHU3aYUnxvHXpkf3aD

    PROGRAM_ID is subject to change based on redeployments.


    Zeta is a protocol that allows the trading of undercollateralized options and futures on Solana, using the Serum DEX for its order matching. Zeta is only available on devnet with SOL as the underlying asset.

    Each asset corresponds to a ZetaGroup account. A Zeta group contains all the respective data for its markets.

    Zeta markets use a circular buffer of expirations, as the Serum markets are re-used after expiry.

    Field Value
    Expiration interval 1 Week
    Number of expiries 2
    Number of strikes 11
    Supported instruments Call, Put, Future

    As such - there are 23 markets per expiry

    • 11 calls, 11 puts, 1 future

    We are on weekly expiries.

    Native numbers are represented with BN to the precision of 6 d.p as u64 integers in the smart contract code.

    They will need to be divided by 10^6 to get the decimal value.

    Use our helper functions in src/utils.ts to convert.

    // A variable of type BN (big number)
    let balance: BN = client.marginAccount.balance;
    // If you had deposited $10,000 USDC
    balance.toNumber(); // == 10_000_000_000
    // Convert decimal number to native fixed point.
    utils.convertDecimalToNativeInteger(10_000); // == 10_000_000_000;
    // Convert native integer to decimal.
    utils.convertNativeIntegerToDecimal(balance.toNumber()); // == 10_000
    // Convert native BN to decimal.
    utils.convertNativeBNToDecimal(balance); // == 10_000


    npm install @zetamarkets/sdk

    Getting started

    Setting up a wallet

    # Generate new keypair at ./bot-key.json
    solana-keygen new -o bot-key.json
    # View new pubkey address
    solana-keygen pubkey bot-key.json
    # Put private key into .env file used by script
    # (Make sure you are in the same directory as where you are running the script.)
    echo private_key=`cat bot-key.json` >> .env

    Basic setup boilerplate

    // Loads the local .env file into `process.env`.
    import { Connection, Keypair } from "@solana/web3.js";
    import {
    } from "@zetamarkets/sdk";
    import fetch from "node-fetch";
    // Loads the private key in .env
    const privateKey = Keypair.fromSecretKey(
      new Uint8Array(JSON.parse(Buffer.from(process.env.private_key).toString()))
    const wallet = new Wallet(privateKey);
    // Starts a solana web3 connection to an RPC endpoint
    const connection = new Connection(networkUrl, utils.defaultCommitment());
    // Airdrop some SOL to your wallet
    await connection.requestAirdrop(wallet.publicKey, 100000000);
    // USDC faucet - Mint $10,000 USDC (Note USDC is fake on devnet)
    await fetch(`${SERVER_URL}/faucet/USDC`, {
      method: "post",
      body: JSON.stringify({
        key: wallet.publicKey.toString(),
        amount: 10_000,
      headers: { "Content-Type": "application/json" },
    // Loads the SDK exchange singleton. This can take up to 10 seconds...
    await Exchange.load(
      undefined, // Exchange wallet can be ignored for normal clients.
      0, // ThrottleMs - increase if you are running into rate limit issues on startup.
      undefined // Callback - See below for more details.

    Displaying exchange state

    // Display existing exchange state i.e. markets available and their indices.
    // Can only be run after `Exchange` is loaded.
    [EXCHANGE] Display market state...
    Expiration @ Thu Nov 18 2021 08:00:00 GMT+0800
    [MARKET] INDEX: 23 KIND: call STRIKE: 220
    [MARKET] INDEX: 24 KIND: call STRIKE: 223
    [MARKET] INDEX: 25 KIND: call STRIKE: 226
    // ... Deleted for space ...
    [MARKET] INDEX: 44 KIND: put STRIKE: 260
    [MARKET] INDEX: 45 KIND: future STRIKE: 0
    Expiration @ Fri Nov 19 2021 08:00:00 GMT+0800
    [MARKET] INDEX: 0 KIND: call STRIKE: 205
    [MARKET] INDEX: 1 KIND: call STRIKE: 208
    [MARKET] INDEX: 2 KIND: call STRIKE: 211
    // ... Deleted for space ...
    [MARKET] INDEX: 20 KIND: put STRIKE: 240
    [MARKET] INDEX: 21 KIND: put STRIKE: 245
    [MARKET] INDEX: 22 KIND: future STRIKE: 0

    Note our markets are identified by index - in a circular buffer fashion for expiries.

    User margin accounts

    A user's state is represented by a MarginAccount in the Zeta program. This is per underlying per user.

    It stores all the state related to a user's balance, open orders and positions.

    Creation is baked into the deposit function if you don't have one already.

    // Load the user SDK client.
    const client = await Client.load(
      wallet, // Use the loaded wallet.
      undefined // Callback - See below for more details.
    // This will create a margin account on first deposit.
    await client.deposit(utils.convertDecimalToNativeInteger(10_000));


    // client.marginAccount
    export interface MarginAccount {
      authority: PublicKey; // Wallet publickey.
      nonce: number; // Margin account PDA nonce.
      balance: anchor.BN; // Balance - doesn't take into account unrealized pnl.
      forceCancelFlag: boolean; // If you are underwater, liquidators can cancel your open orders in consecutive transactions.
      openOrdersNonce: Array<number>; // Open orders account PDA nonce.
      seriesExpiry: Array<anchor.BN>; // Expiry timestamp for your orders and positions (used for settlement)
      positions: Array<Position>; // Vector of your positions and open order state.
      _positionsPadding: Array<Position>;

    The details should be abstracted away into client.orders and client.positions in the SDK.

    Basic script setup to place a trade and view positions

    For examples sake, we want to see the orderbook for market index 2, i.e. the CALL option expiring on Fri Nov 19 with strike 211.

    const index = 2;

    NOTE: Orderbook depth is capped to default = 5.

    Set via = N.

      bids: [
        { price: 7.71, size: 23 },
        { price: 6.58, size: 309 },
        { price: 5.71, size: 251 },
        { price: 5.52, size: 8 }
      asks: [ { price: 9.53, size: 23 } ]

    Placing an order.

    • Placing an order on a new market (market index) will create a serum OpenOrders account. This is handled by the SDK.
    • The minimum price is $0.0001.
    • The minimum trade tick size is 0.001.
    // We need to convert price to the native spl token amount (6.dp)
    // utils.convertDecimalToNativeInteger(8) == (8*10^6)
    const orderPrice = utils.convertDecimalToNativeInteger(8);
    // We need to convert to our native option lot size.
    // utils.convertDecimalToNativeLotSize(1) == (1*10^3)
    const orderLots = utils.convertDecimalToNativeLotSize(1);
    // Place a bid order.
    await client.placeOrder([index].address,

    See client order.

    await client.updateState();
    // `client.orders` is a list of orders in market index order.
        marketIndex: 2,
        market: PublicKey {
          _bn: <BN: 94cce37bd47128c757766685f012cac541a534ba9ed59e6bf05cd004eae1ae5>
        },    // This is the market address represented as a PublicKey
        price: 8,
        size: 1,
        side: 0, // 0 for bids, 1 for asks
        orderId: <BN: 7a1200fffffffffffdfdc2>, // This is used to cancel.
        owner: PublicKey {
          _bn: <BN: 153d79e2816b07fb2388abb9bd6feb64a481f422c5ff390ad8346eb70f09111d>
    // See our new order on the orderbook.
      bids: [
        { price: 8, size: 1 }, // This is our order
        { price: 7.99, size: 23 },
        { price: 6.58, size: 309 },
        { price: 5.71, size: 251 },
        { price: 5.52, size: 8 }
      asks: [ { price: 9.53, size: 23 } ]

    Place bid order in cross to get a position (Best ask was 9.53)

    // Place an order in cross with offers to get a position.
    await client.placeOrder([index].address,
    // View our position
    await client.updateState();
    // `client.positions` is a list of positions in market index order.
        marketIndex: 2,
        market: PublicKey {
          _bn: <BN: 94cce37bd47128c757766685f012cac541a534ba9ed59e6bf05cd004eae1ae5>
        position: 1,
        costOfTrades: 9.53 // 6 d.p, so $9.53

    We have a position of 1, with cost of trades 9530000 / 10^6 = $9.53.

    Cancel order.

    // We only have one order at the moment.
    let order = client.orders[0];
    await client.cancelOrder(, order.orderId, order.side);

    Cancel all orders.

    await client.cancelAllOrders();

    See src/client.ts for full functionality.

    Check market mark price

    This is the price that position is marked to - (This is calculated by our on chain black scholes pricing that is constantly being cranked.)

    // Use the market index you wish to check.
    // The fair price of this option is $8.202024.

    Calculate user margin account state

    let marginAccountState = Exchange.riskCalculator.getMarginAccountState(
    // These values have all been normalized (converted from 6 dp fixed point integer to decimal)
      balance: 10000,                       // Deposited $10,000
      initialMargin: 8.202024,              // Initial margin, from the 1 open order
      maintenanceMargin: 8.202024,          // Maintenance margin, from the 1 position
      totalMargin: 16.404048,               // Sum of initial and maintenance
      unrealizedPnl: -1.3279759999999996,   // Unrealized pnl, marked to mark price
      availableBalance: 9982.267976         // Equity available for trading.

    Zeta market data

    Zeta market data is available through, which simplifies the data in Exchange.zetaGroup to be more easily understood.

    Markets are indexed via 0..N-1 (N being 46 for now.) and are grouped in ExpirySeries.

    // Whole markets object
    let markets =;
    // Index directly to access a particular market.
    let market =[5];
    // See market data
    let strike = market.strike;
    let kind = market.kind; // This is a Kind ENUM.
    // Ensure you have polled to see latest state.
    let orderbook = market.orderbook;
    // See expiry data of the market.
    // This contains expiry index, active timestamp, expiry ts, and whether strikes are initialized.
    let expirySeries = market.expirySeries;

    See src/markets.ts to see full functionality.

    Viewing oracle price

    The Exchange object creates an oracle subscription to SOL/USD on load. You can access the latest oracle prices like so.

    // Get the available price feeds.;
    // Get the price of a given feed.
    let price ="SOL/USD");

    See callbacks to update state live.

    Callbacks and state tracking

    Due to the number of changing states in the Zeta program, the SDK makes use of Solana websockets for users to receive callbacks when accounts are polled and or changed.

    There are two categories of callbacks, one relating to user state and the other non-user based state (program state).

    The callback function is passed in either

    • Exchange.load - for non user events.
    • Client.load - for user events.

    You can see these EventType in src/events.ts.

    NOTE: Some callbacks are done on poll so don't always reflect a change in state.

    Event Type Meaning Change
    EXCHANGE Program Strike initialization, market cleaning Exchange.zetaGroup
    EXPIRY Program On option series expiration
    GREEKS Program When greeks are updated (mark prices) Exchange.greeks or
    ORDERBOOK Program When an orderbook poll occurs.
    ORACLE Pyth oracle Pyth price update.
    CLOCK Solana clock Solana clock account change. Exchange.clockTimestamp
    TRADE User On user trade event. client.marginAccount
    USER User When the user's margin account
    changes, which can occur on
    inserts, cancels, trades, withdrawals,
    deposits, settlement, liquidation,
    force cancellations

    These callbacks should eliminate the need to poll for most accounts, unless you need certainty on the state, in which case there are polling functions available in Exchange and Client.

    // Generic callback function to pass into `Exchange.load` or `Client.load`.
    async function callback(eventType: events.EventType, data: any) {
      switch (eventType) {
        case events.EventType.CLOCK:
          // ... Handle via Exchange.clockTimestamp
        case events.EventType.<SomeOtherEvent>:

    Event data

    The function definition of a callback is (event: EventType, data: any) => void

    Only ORACLE and ORDERBOOK events have data in them.


    export interface OraclePrice {
      feed: string; // The feed's name i.e. SOL/USD
      price: number; // i.e. 1000.23
      lastUpdatedTime: number; // Seconds since Linux epoch
      lastUpdatedSlot: bigint; // Blockchain slot, from Pyth


    export interface OrderbookEvent {
      marketIndex: number; // The market index that was updated.

    After receiving an orderbook update, you can assume[marketIndex].orderbook is the latest state.

    Native polling in SDK

    There is polling natively built into the SDK Exchange and Client objects since state relies quite heavily on websockets.

    This was to ensure that:

    1. SDK program state would correct itself on websocket issues.
    2. There was a mechanism for users to poll state on some defined interval (and get a callback when it happened, see below).

    Exchange polling

    Exchange has a default poll interval of constants.DEFAULT_EXCHANGE_POLL_INTERVAL (set to 30 seconds).

    You can change this via setting Exchange.pollInterval.

    This will poll ZetaGroup and zeta State accounts.

    Market orderbook polling

    Users can elect to poll markets at a certain frequency too. This has a default poll interval of constants.DEFAULT_MARKET_POLL_INTERVAL. (5 seconds).

    You can change this via

    Users have to subscribe to a market index for polling to be done on it. This is because each market requires 2 RPC requests, so polling all markets can easily hit rate limits if not on a dedicated provider.

    // Subscribe to a market index.;
    // Unsubscribe to a market index.;
    // Manually poll a market index.

    Client polling and throttle

    Client has a default poll interval of constants.DEFAULT_CLIENT_POLL_INTERVAL (set to 20 seconds).

    You can change this via client.pollInterval.

    This is almost how often the SDK will call await client.updateState(), which is the manual way of polling user state.

    There is a timer that on default fires every 2 seconds, checking the last poll timestamp. If time greater than client.pollInterval has elapsed or there is a pending update, it will poll.

    Pending update refers to a margin account websocket change callback. (The SDK subscribes to user MarginAccount on Client.load.)

    This will do multiple things (client.updateState()):

    1. Fetch user margin account (client.marginAccount).
    2. Update user orders (this will poll the market orderbook for each market that the user has a non zero position or open orders in - client.orders).
    3. Update user positions (client.positions).

    This timer can be modified via client.setPolling(intervalSeconds).

    Tying into this, the motivation behind this complexity is that if a user is asynchronously placing and cancelling orders across multiple markets, you may receive multiple margin account callbacks across consecutive slots.

    If each call back polls relevant markets for the latest user order state (2 polls per market), you can easily hit rate limits.

    If throttle is set to true, in Client.load, then this timer allows users to batch client polling to the next timer interval (i.e. optimistically, 5 consecutive slot updates will only trigger 1 poll).

    Alternatively, throttle can be set to false, and client.updateState will be called on every margin account change and ensure you have the latest state at all times.

    Shutting down

    When you want to shut down or restart the client, call this to disconnect the respective websockets.

    // Close exchange object.
    await Exchange.close();
    // Close client object.
    await client.close();


    Apache 2.0.




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